研究者紹介システム

林 美香
ハヤシ ミカ
大学院国際協力研究科 国際協力政策専攻
教授
法学・政治学関係
Last Updated :2023/01/12

研究者情報

所属

  • 【主配置】

    大学院国際協力研究科 国際協力政策専攻

学位

  • 修士(学術), 東京大学

授業科目

ジャンル

  • 国際情勢 / 軍縮・平和
  • 国際情勢 / 国際関係論

コメントテーマ

  • 国際法
  • 対人地雷禁止条約
  • 化学兵器禁止条約
  • 軍縮・軍備管理条約

研究活動

研究キーワード

  • 軍縮・軍備管理
  • 武力紛争法
  • 安全保障
  • 国際法

研究分野

  • 人文・社会 / 国際法学

委員歴

  • International Studies Association, CISS, Executive Council Member

受賞

  • 2014年02月 村尾育英会, 村尾育英会学術奨励賞, 爆発性戦争残存物の除去に関する共同責任

    林 美香

    出版社・新聞社・財団等の賞

論文

  • Mika Hayashi

    Brill, 2021年10月05日, Journal of the History of International Law / Revue d’histoire du droit international, 1 - 28

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Mika Hayashi

    Abstract The nuclear sharing arrangements of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) are arrangements that pre-date the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). This article revisits the nuclear sharing arrangements in light of the NPT, then examines the issues in light of a new treaty, the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW). The question of the compatibility between these arrangements and the NPT was initially solved by an understanding that the stationing of the US nuclear weapons in host States did not involve transfer of ownership or transfer of control of these weapons to host States. Compared to the initial acceptance of this interpretation, the contemporary acceptance is less solid. The nuclear sharing arrangements are questioned or criticised in the NPT Review process, both by non-nuclear-weapon States and nuclear-weapon States. In contrast, with regard to the TPNW, there seems to be no controversy; the TPNW explicitly provides that the States Parties must not allow stationing of nuclear weapons. The nuclear sharing arrangements would be incompatible with this prohibition. The article also briefly deals with a separate question, whether a client State of extended nuclear deterrence that does not allow stationing of nuclear weapons in its territory would also contravene the prohibitions in the TPNW. Given the scope and the nature of provisions of the TPNW, the article concludes that it would, if such a client State joins the treaty without a change in its policy regarding extended deterrence.

    Oxford University Press ({OUP}), 2021年09月25日, Journal of Conflict and Security Law, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Mika Hayashi

    T.M.C. Asser Press, 2021年, Nuclear Non-Proliferation in International Law - Volume VI, 13 - 35

    [査読有り]

    論文集(書籍)内論文

  • Non-Proliferation Treaty and Nuclear Disarmament: Article VI of the NPT in Light of the ILC Draft Conclusions on Subsequent Agreements and Practice

    Mika Hayashi

    2020年, International Community Law Review, 22 (1), 84 - 106, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • 核不拡散条約6条の分析視座―「パラダイム国際法」が示唆するもの―

    林 美香

    有斐閣, 2019年03月, 国際法のダイナミズム―小寺彰先生追悼論文集, 749 - 769, 日本語

    [招待有り]

    論文集(書籍)内論文

  • Russia: The Crimea Question and Autonomous Sanctions

    Mika Hayashi

    2019年, Masahiko Asada (ed.), Economic Sanctions in International Law and Practice, 223 - 243, 英語

    論文集(書籍)内論文

  • Mika Hayashi

    The deal struck between the United States and Russia in September 2013, the 'Framework for Elimination of Syrian Chemical Weapons,' amounts to a legally non-binding agreement, and not a treaty. The objective of this agreement - namely, that of averting the pending crisis in Syria at that time - highlights what a non-binding agreement, as opposed to a treaty, can do. Somewhat curiously, various actors kept referring to the 2013 agreement even when binding instruments covering the same questions were in place. Thus, this note also explores the distinct benefits of the 2013 agreement even in the presence of the binding instruments. In some cases, the preference for the 2013 agreement can be explained as a search for leverage against Russia. In other cases, the rhetorical preference for the non-binding agreement could indicate a desire to discuss the question of enforcement without addressing institutional requirements of the OPCW or the UN Security Council.

    Brill Nijhoff, 2018年, International Community Law Review, 20 (2), 252 - 277, 英語

    [査読有り][招待有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Export Control in the Arms Trade Treaty: Can It Have an Impact on the Prevention of Serious Violations of IHL?

    Mika Hayashi

    2017年, D. Tamada and P. Achilleas (eds.), Theory and Practice of Export Regulation: Balancing International Security and International Economic Relations, 127 - 137, 英語

    論文集(書籍)内論文

  • The Whaling Judgment and the Challenges of Dynamic Treaty Regimes

    Mika Hayashi

    Brill, 2016年, Malgosia Fitzmaurice and Dai Tamada (eds.), Whaling in the Antarctic: Significance and Implications of the ICJ Judgment, 221 - 237, 英語

    論文集(書籍)内論文

  • Reacting to the Use of Chemical Weapons: Options for Third States

    Mika Hayashi

    While the prohibition of the use of chemical weapons in international law is uncontroversial, lawful and effective options for third States to deal with a violation of this rule are far from clear. With the use of chemical weapons in the current conflict in Syria as a case study, this article first outlines the options for third States outside jus ad bellum, highlighting a numb

    2014年, Journal on the Use of Force and International Law, 1 (1), 80 - 121, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • “Suspension of Certain Obligations of the CFE Treaty by NATO Allies: Examination of the Response to the 2007 Unilateral Treaty Suspension by Russia”

    Mika Hayashi

    In 2007, Russia suspended a number of its obligations under the CFE Treaty. After a series of negotiations to persuade Russia to revert to compliance, to no avail, the USA and certain other States Parties to the CFE Treaty equally suspended a number of their treaty obligations in 2011. The CFE Treaty itself has a provision neither on suspensions nor on reactions to suspensions

    2013年04月, Journal of Conflict and Security Law, 18 (1), 131 - 150, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • クラスター弾条約及び対人地雷禁止条約における除去・廃棄義務とその支援義務 -非常設・非公式・非政府間組織を利用した履行確保の効果ー

    林 美香

    信山社, 2013年04月, 坂元茂樹・薬師寺公夫編『普遍的国際社会への法の挑戦 』芹田健太郎先生古稀記念, 603 - 625, 日本語

    論文集(書籍)内論文

  • Clearance of Remnants of War and Its Assistance as Collective Responsibility

    Mika Hayashi

    2013年, Andrew Byrnes, Mika Hayashi and Christopher Michaelsen (eds.), International Law in the New Age of Globalization, 93 - 118, 英語

    [査読有り]

    論文集(書籍)内論文

  • Introduction

    Andrew Byrnes, Mika Hayashi, Christopher Michaelsen

    MARTINUS NIJHOFF, 2013年, INTERNATIONAL LAW IN THE NEW AGE OF GLOBALIZATION, 1 - 8, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Mika Hayashi

    This article examines the mechanism of compliance control of the Landmine Convention (the Ottawa Convention). Its purpose is to elucidate the process of dialogue and persuasion when it deals with compliance issues. The article deals with compliance issues relating to Articles 4 and 5 of the Convention. They provide for the obligation to destroy the stockpiled landmines and the obligation to remove and destroy the landmines in the mined areas, respectively. The study divides cases into two categories: potential non-compliance and actual non-compliance. Case studies of both categories indicate that States engage themselves in a dialogue with the rest of the States Parties, in the form of Meetings of the States Parties, Review Conferences and also in less formal fora. The dialogue leads to a formulation of realistic strategies for compliance with the obligations in question. Case studies indicate the acceptance of such strategies, both by the State Party facing the problem and the rest of the States Parties.

    This article examines the mechanism of compliance control of the Landmine Convention (the Ottawa Convention). Its purpose is to elucidate the process of dialogue and persuasion when it deals with compliance issues. The article deals with compliance issues, 2012年09月, Chinese Journal of International Law, 11 (3), 505 - 522, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Mika Hayashi

    Under the Convention on Cluster Munitions, the obligation to clear cluster munition remnants is the responsibility of States that have jurisdiction or control over the affected area. This responsibility is coupled with an obligation to provide assistance for each State Party "in a position to do so." In other words, clearance of cluster munition remnants is a collective responsibility. Collective responsibility may not, however, be implemented if not accompanied by adequate supervision which States discharge collective responsibility concretely, as well as when and how it is discharged is open to interpretation, so it can easily be evaded or ignored. This article argues that: (1) the idea of collective responsibility for the clearance of cluster munition remnants in this convention is genuinely supported by the States Parties and (2) this convention is equipped with a supervisory mechanism for the effective implementation of this collective responsibility. Supervision under the Convention on Cluster Munitions includes Meetings of States Parties, Review Conferences, intersessional meetings, and working groups for thematic discussions. The experience since the entry into force of the convention in 2010 shows that together they function as quasi-constant fora of monitoring, exchange of views, and persuasion. These supervisory mechanisms do not enforce the collective responsibility, but motivate States Parties to implement it.

    Brill Academic Publishers, 2012年, Journal of International Humanitarian Legal Studies, 3 (2), 322 - 343, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • The Martens Clause and Military Necessity

    Mika Hayashi

    Ashgate, 2008年02月, The Legitimate Use of Military Force: The Just War Tradition and the Customary Law of Armed Conflict, 135 - 160, 英語

    [査読有り]

    論文集(書籍)内論文

  • The Information Revolution and the Rules of Jurisdiction in Public International Law

    Mika Hayashi

    Ashgate, 2007年, Myriam Dunn et al. (eds.), The Resurgence of the State: Trends and Processes in Cyberspace Governance, 59 - 83, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Objective Territorial Principle or Effects Doctrine? -Jurisdiction and Cyberspace-

    Mika Hayashi

    2006年12月, In.Law, 2006-No.6, pp. 284-302, 英語

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Ottawa Convention on Landmines in Two Perspectives: International Humanitarian Law and Disarmament

    Mika Hayashi

    Ashgate, 2006年, Sai Felicia Krishna-Hensel (ed.), Global Cooperation: Challenges and Opportunities in the Twenty-First Century, 75 - 108, 英語

    論文集(書籍)内論文

  • The Principle of Civilian Protection and Contemporary Armed Conflict

    Mika Nishimura Hayashi

    Ashgate, 2005年, Howard M. Hensel (ed.), The Law of Armed Conflict: Constraints on the Contemporary Use of Military Force, 105 - 129, 英語

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Constraints on Sovereignty in the Chemical Weapons Convention from the Perspective of International Law

    Mika Nishimura Hayashi

    2004年09月, Howard M. Hensel (ed.), Sovereignty and the Global Community: The Quest for Order in the International System, 55 - 82, 英語

    論文集(書籍)内論文

  • 化学兵器禁止条約の権利義務構造 - 履行確保の観点からのレジームの考察

    西村 美香

    2001年09月, 国際関係論研究, 17 1-33頁, 日本語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • 軍縮・軍備管理条約のコントロール制度に対する二つの考え方

    林 美香

    2000年, 東京大学大学院総合文化研究科(修士論文), 日本語

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

MISC

  • Mika Hayashi

    American Society of International Law, 2017年07月, ASIL Insights, 21 (8), 英語

    [査読有り]

    記事・総説・解説・論説等(その他)

  • 林 美香

    Revised in February 2017, became available online in July 2017.

    2017年07月, Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law, 英語

    [査読有り]

    記事・総説・解説・論説等(その他)

  • Peace Treaty with Japan (1951)

    林 美香

    Oxford University Press, 2017年, Frauke Lachenmann and Rudiger Wolfrum (eds.), The Law of Armed Conflict and the Use of Force, 920 - 924, 英語

    [査読有り]

    記事・総説・解説・論説等(その他)

  • “Peace Treaty with Japan (1951)”

    Mika Hayashi

    Oxford University Press, 2012年02月, R. Wolfrum (Ed.), The Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law, 9, 131 - 135, 英語

    [査読有り]

    その他

  • [Book Review] Komori et al. eds., Public Interest Rules in International Law: Towards Effective Implementation (Ashgate, 2009)

    Mika Hayashi

    2012年, Japanese Yearbook of International Law, 54, 461 - 464, 英語

    [招待有り]

    書評論文,書評,文献紹介等

  • 書評『Komori et al. eds., Public Interest Rules in International Law: Towards Effective Implementation (Ashgate, 2009)』

    林 美香

    2011年, 国際法外交雑誌, 110 (2), 106 - 111, 日本語

    [査読有り][招待有り]

    書評論文,書評,文献紹介等

  • “Ambition Should Be Made of Sterner Stuff: Signaling Theory on Multilateralism”

    Hikaru Hayashi, Mika Hayashi

    2009年03月, WIAS Discussion Paper, No.2008-012, 英語

    その他

  • (判例紹介)Sanchez-Lamas v. Oregon, --- U.S. ---, 126 S. Ct. 2669 (2006)

    Mika Hayashi

    2008年, アメリカ法, 2007-1(144-148), 日本語

    その他

  • マルティ・コスケニエミ「世界市民的な目的をもつ普遍史の理念と実践」(訳者解題付)

    林 美香

    2006年04月, 思想, No.984, pp.4-29, 日本語

    その他

  • 漁業管轄権事件(スペイン対カナダ)-管轄権判決

    1998年, 松井芳郎他編『判例国際法』第2版

    記事・総説・解説・論説等(その他)

書籍等出版物

  • International Law in the New Age of Globalization

    Andrew Byrnes, Mika Hayashi, Christopher Michaelsen

    編者(編著者), "Introduction" (1-8), “Clearance of Remnants of War and Its Assistance as Collective Responsibility” (93-118), Martinus Nijhoff, 2013年03月, 英語

    学術書

講演・口頭発表等

  • States’ attitude towards law-making regarding cyberspace – methodological questions

    Mika Hayashi

    Jagiellonian University and Kobe University Workshop, "Legal Methodology: International and Comparative Perspective", 2019年05月, 英語, Kobe, Japan, 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • Non-Proliferation Treaty and Nuclear Disarmament: Article VI in light of Subsequent Agreement and Practice

    Mika Hayashi

    "Subsequent Agreement and Practice in Treaty Interpretation", Kobe Workshop on International Law 2018, 2018年12月, 英語, Kobe, Japan, 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • When a Sanction is Busted: Siemens’ Turbines in Crimea

    Mika Hayashi

    INGEER 2017 International Symposium on Theory and Practice of Export Control, 2017年11月, 英語, Kobe, Japan, 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • Third States' Role in Ensuring Compliance: A Case Study of the Use of Chemical Weapons in the Syrian Conflict

    Mika Hayashi

    現場活動に垣間みる国際人道法 -人々の救済に挑んで150年-, 2014年02月, 英語, スイス大使館 / 京都大学 / 赤十字国際委員会, 京都大学 百周年時計台記念館 国際交流ホール, 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • “Responsibility of Clearance and Assistance in the Ottawa Convention on Landmines – Who Does What, and Why: Does That Matter? –”

    Mika Hayashi

    International Law in the New Era of Globalization (The Third Four Societies Conference), 2010年08月, 英語, Awaji, Japan, 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • 多国間条約による人道的規範の実現-通常兵器の規制を題材として-

    Mika Hayashi

    日本国際政治学会2007年度研究大会・分科会, 2007年10月, 日本語, 福岡, 国内会議

    その他

  • International Supervision in the NPT Regime

    Mika Hayashi

    Seventh International CISS Millennium Conference, 2007年06月, 英語, CISS, ポルトガル, 国際会議

    シンポジウム・ワークショップパネル(公募)

  • The Martens Clause, Military Necessity and Supreme Emergency

    Mika Hayashi

    Sixth International CISS Millennium Conference, 2006年07月, 英語, CISS, ハーグ(オランダ), 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • (Panel member in the round table on the contemporary law of armed conflict)

    Mika Hayashi

    47th Annual ISA Convention, 2006年03月, 英語, International Studies Association, サン・ディエゴ(アメリカ), 国際会議

    シンポジウム・ワークショップパネル(公募)

  • Evolving Code for Public International Law

    Mika Hayashi

    Complexity, Science and Society Conference, 2005年09月, 英語, Centre for Complexity Research, リバプール大学(イギリス), 国際会議

    シンポジウム・ワークショップパネル(公募)

  • Utility of International Law of Pre-Internet Era for Cyberspace

    Mika Hayashi

    International Conference on the Information Revolution and the Changing Face of International Relations and Security, 2005年05月, 英語, Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule /CISS, ルツェルン(スイス), 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • The Clarification of Ambiguity in Treaties through National Implementation Measures: Case of the Ottawa Convention on Landmines

    Mika Hayashi

    Fifth International Conference, 2004年07月, 英語, CISS/ISA, ザルツブルグ(オーストリア), 国際会議

    その他

  • The Vanishing Point of International Law?-The Law of War

    HAYASHI Mika

    CEEISA/ISA International Convention, 2003年06月, 英語, CEEISA/ISA, ブダペスト(ハンガリー), 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • Unprecedented Constraint on the Sovereignty in the Field of Disarmament?-A Legal Analysis of the CWC-

    NISHIMURA Mika

    Fourth International Conference, 2002年06月, 英語, CEEISA/ISA, ブルージュ(ベルギー), 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

所属学協会

  • 国際法学会

共同研究・競争的資金等の研究課題