研究者紹介システム

向井 敏司
ムカイ トシジ
未来医工学研究開発センター
教授
金属工学関係
Last Updated :2022/06/29

研究者情報

所属

  • 【主配置】

    未来医工学研究開発センター
  • 【配置】

    工学部 機械工学科, 大学院工学研究科 機械工学専攻

学位

  • 博士(工学), 大阪府立大学
  • 強くて壊れにくいマグネシウムの創製と軽量構造部材への適用

授業科目

ジャンル

  • 科学・技術 / 工学

コメントテーマ

  • 機械材料
  • 材料強度
  • 軽金属材料
  • 次世代新幹線
  • 生体内分解性金属材料

研究ニュース

研究活動

研究キーワード

  • 構造・機能材料
  • バイオマテリアル
  • 機械材料

研究分野

  • ナノテク・材料 / 構造材料、機能材料
  • ものづくり技術(機械・電気電子・化学工学) / 材料力学、機械材料

委員歴

  • 日本材料学会, 評議員
  • 日本金属学会, 分科会 幹事

受賞

  • 2010年02月 The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society (TMS), MAGNESIUM BEST PAPER AWARD- FUNDAMENTAL RESEARCH, Directionally controlled precipitation on twin-boundaries in Mg-Zn-Y alloys

    Julian M. Rosalie, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Alok Singh, Toshiji Mukai

    アメリカ合衆国

    国際学会・会議・シンポジウム等の賞

  • 2008年03月 日本金属学会, 日本金属学会 功績賞(力学特性), "Ductility Enhancement in AZ31 Magnesium Alloy by Controlling its Grain Structure"など

    向井 敏司

    日本国

    国内学会・会議・シンポジウム等の賞

  • 2003年01月 Committee of Platform Science and Technology in Advanced Magnesium, Highly Contribution Paper Award at PSTAM2003, Guide for Enhancement of Room Temperature Ductility in Mg Alloys at High Strain Rates

    Toshiji MUKAI, Hiroyuki WATANABE, Koichi ISHIKAWA, Kenji HIGASHI

    日本国

    国際学会・会議・シンポジウム等の賞

  • 2001年06月 日本マグネシウム協会, 日本マグネシウム協会賞, 延性を阻害しないマグネシウム合金の高強度化に関する研究

    向井 敏司

    日本国

    国内学会・会議・シンポジウム等の賞

論文

  • Hiroyuki Watanabe, Toru Murata, Naoko Ikeo, Toshiji Mukai, Kwangsik Han, Koichi Tsuchiya

    Elsevier BV, 2021年08月, Materialia, 18, 101172 - 101172

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Hiroyuki Watanabe, Toru Murata, Shunsuke Nakamura, Naoko Ikeo, Toshiji Mukai, Koichi Tsuchiya

    Elsevier BV, 2021年08月, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 872, 159668 - 159668

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Kenji Odashima, Yoshinaka Shimizu, Yuya Sano, Akiko Yamamoto, Toshiji Mukai, Yukyo Takada, Yuta Yanagisawa, Yoshimichi Imai, Tetsu Takahashi, Hiroyuki Kumamoto

    This study was designed to examine osteoconductive effects of Mg in rats tibia. The animals were sacrificed after 1, 2, and 8 weeks. The elemental analysis was performed using SEM/EDX at week 1. Following X-ray micrography at weeks 2 and 8, samples were embedded in paraffin. The expression of osteocalcin was observed by immunohistochemical staining. The element concentrations of fibrous capsules around the specimens were also measured by ICP-MS. The concentrations of Ca and P on the surface of the Mg specimen increased in SEM/EDX. The tissue specimen showed new bone formation on the bone surface near the implanted area. The concentrations of Mg, Ca, and P were high in the fibrous capsules surrounding Mg. Implantation induced differentiation of osteoblasts, and this process was considered to be associated with new bone formation. Induction of cell differentiation may be influenced by corrosion products in addition to corroding magnesium.

    2021年03月31日, Dental materials journal, 40 (2), 498 - 507, 英語, 国内誌

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Tianyuan Wang, Sachiko Inubushi, Naoko Ikeo, Toshiji Mukai, Keisuke Okumura, Hiroaki Akasaka, Ryuichi Yada, Kenji Yoshida, Daisuke Miyawaki, Takeaki Ishihara, Ai Nakaoka, Ryohei Sasaki

    Purpose: To develop a novel biocompatible solid fiducial marker that prevents radiopaque imaging artifacts and also maintains high imaging contrast for kilovoltage x-ray image-guided radiation therapy.Methods: The fiducial marker was made of pure zinc. An in-house water-equivalent phantom was designed to evaluate artifacts and visibility under various simulated treatment scenarios. Image artifacts were quantitatively assessed in terms of the metal artifact index (MAI) on kilovoltage computed tomography (CT) and cone-beam CT (CBCT) scans. Marker visibility was evaluated on two types of kilovoltage planar x-ray images in terms of the contrast-to-background ratio (CBR). Comparisons with a conventional gold fiducial marker were conducted.Results: The use of zinc rather than a gold marker mitigates imaging artifacts. The MAI near the zinc marker decreased by 76, 79, and 77 % in CT, and by 77 (81), 74 (80), and 79 (85) % in CBCT full-fan (half-fan) scans, when using one-, two-, and three-marker phantom settings, respectively. The high-contrast part of the zinc marker exhibited CBRs above 2.00 for 28/32 exposures under four (lung, tissue, low-density bone, and high-density bone) different simulation scenarios, making its visibility comparable to that of the gold marker (30/32 exposures with CBRs > 2.00).Conclusions: We developed a biocompatible, artifact-robust, and highly visible solid zinc fiducial marker. Although further evaluation is needed in clinical settings, our findings suggest its feasibility and benefits for kilovoltage x-ray image-guided radiation therapy. (C) 2020 American Association of Physicists in Medicine

    WILEY, 2020年10月, MEDICAL PHYSICS, 47 (10), 4703 - 4710, 英語

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Yasuyoshi Okamura, Nobuyuki Hinata, Taichi Hoshiba, Tatsuya Nakatsuji, Naoko Ikeo, Junya Furukawa, Kenichi Harada, Yuzo Nakano, Takumi Fukumoto, Toshiji Mukai, Masato Fujisawa

    PURPOSE: Metallic medical devices are typically constructed from non-bioabsorbable metals that remains in the body and causes considerable complications. Particularly in the urinary tract, calculus, intractable infection, and misdiagnosis as calculus are often caused by non-bioabsorbable metals. Here, we developed a zinc-magnesium alloy as a new bioabsorbable metal and sought to evaluate the bioabsorbable behavior of zinc and zinc-magnesium alloy in a rat bladder implantation model. METHODS: We prepared zinc-magnesium alloy wires with various proportions of magnesium and investigated the strength, shape retention, formability, and absorbability of these novel materials. Then, we implanted zinc and zinc-magnesium alloy rings formed by the wires into rat bladder. Rats were euthanized at the end of the observation period, and the rings were removed for volume evaluation. Extracted bladder tissues were subjected to histological analysis. RESULTS: The strength of the zinc wire was enhanced by more than fourfold upon the addition of magnesium, without loss of ductility. Linear reduction of ring volume in urine was observed based on the concentration of magnesium within the ring. Nearly all rings were covered with a thin layer of calculus. Histological findings of the transected urinary bladder tissues did not differ among groups. CONCLUSIONS: Zinc-magnesium alloy is a promising candidate for use as a bioabsorbable medical device in the urinary tract.

    2020年02月28日, World journal of urology, 39 (1), 201 - 208, 英語, 国際誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Influence of Manganese on Deformation Behavior of Magnesium Under Dynamic Loading

    Ryutaro Goeda, Masatake Yamaguchi, Tatsuya Nakatsuji, Naoko Ikeo, Toshiji Mukai

    2020年01月, Magnesium Technology 2020, 381 (385)

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Takeshi Urade, Toshihiko Yoshida, Naoko Ikeo, Kosuke Naka, Masahiro Kido, Hirochika Toyama, Kimihiko Ueno, Motofumi Tanaka, Toshiji Mukai, Takumi Fukumoto

    BACKGROUND: The use of surgical metal clips is crucial for ligating vessels in various operations. The currently available metal clips have several drawbacks; they are permanent and interfere with imaging techniques such as computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and carry the potential risk of endo-clip migration. We recently developed a novel magnesium (Mg) alloy for biodegradable clips that reduces artifacts on CT imaging. This study aimed to examine the tolerance, biodegradability, and biocompatibility of the Mg alloy clips compared with those of standard titanium (Ti) clips in hepatectomy. METHODS: Thirty Wistar rats were divided into two groups based on the clip used (groups A and B). The vascular pedicle, including hepatic artery, portal vein, bile duct, and hepatic vein of the left lateral lobe, was ligated with the Ti clip in group A or the Mg alloy clip in group B, and then the left lateral lobe was removed. The rats were sacrificed at 1, 4, 12, 24, and 36 weeks after surgery. Clinical and histological evaluations were performed. Absorption rate was calculated by measuring the clip volume. RESULTS: Although the Mg alloy clips showed biodegradability over time, there were no significant differences in the serum concentration of Mg between the two groups. The remaining volume ratio of Mg alloy clips was 95.5, 94.3, 80.0, 36.2, and 16.7% at 1, 4, 12, 24, and 36 weeks, respectively. No side effects occurred. Most of the microscopic changes were similar in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: The new biodegradable Mg alloy clips are safe and feasible in vessel ligation for hepatectomy in a rat model and reduce artifacts in CT imaging compared with the standard Ti clips.

    2019年09月09日, BMC surgery, 19 (1), 130 - 130, 英語, 国際誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • アルミナ飛翔体の超高速衝突によるマグネシウムの組織変化

    藤田 直輝, 中辻 竜也, 長谷川 直, 池尾 直子, 佐藤 英一, 向井 敏司

    2019年05月, 軽金属, 69 (5), 287 - 292, 日本語

    [査読有り]

  • Fabrication and characterization of Mg-0.2 at% Ca/alpha-tricalcium phosphate composites

    NAOKO IKEO, Hiroki Kawasaki, Hiroyuki WATANABE, Toshiji MUKAI

    2019年04月, Materials Letters, Vol. 241, 96 - 99, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Sato Takumi, Shimizu Yoshinaka, Odashima Kenji, Sano Yuya, Yamamoto Akiko, Mukai Toshiji, Ikeo Naoko, Takahashi Tetsu, Kumamoto Hiroyuki

    The present study was designed to investigate the biodegradation behavior of Mg alloy plates in the maxillofacial region. For in vitro analysis, the plates were immersed in saline solution and simulated body fluid. For in vivo, the plates were implanted into the tibia, head, back, abdominal cavity, and femur and assessed at 1, 2, and 4 weeks after implantation. After implantation, the plate volumes and the formed insoluble salt were measured via micro-computed tomography. SEM/EDX analysis of the insoluble salt and histological analysis of the surrounding tissues were performed. The volume loss of plates in the in vitro groups was higher than that in the in vivo groups. The volume loss was fastest in the abdomen, followed by the head, back, tibia, and femur. There were no statistically significant differences in the insoluble salt volume of the all implanted sites. The corrosion of the Mg alloy will be affected to the surrounding tissue responses. The material for the plate should be selected based on the characteristic that Mg alloys are decomposed relatively easily in the maxillofacial region.

    2019年02月, Dental materials journal, 38 (1), 11 - 21, 英語, 国内誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Hiroyuki WATANABE, Naoko IKEO, Toshiji MUKAI

    Japan Institute of Metals, 2019年01月, Materials Transactions, 60 (1), 105 - 110, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • 池尾 直子, MASAYUKI NISHIOKA, 向井 敏司

    2018年07月, Materials Letters, 223 (15), 65 - 68, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Alok Singh, Yoshiaki Osawa, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Toshiji Mukai

    The Effect of the solidification conditions and subsequent extrusion of a Mg-3.0Zn-0.5Y (at. %) alloy containing quasicrystalline icosahedral (i-) phase was studied. Solidification was carried out by three methods using a chill casting mold, a conventional steel mold and a water-cooled mold. Subsequently, castings were extruded in the temperature range of 235–270°C at an extrusion ratio of 25:1. The solidification molds showed different characteristics. The water-cooled mold was most effective in cooling through the walls, but least effective at the center of the mold. The conventional cast mold was the most effective in cooling at the mold center. All the castings had an interdendritic eutectic structure of the i-phase, and a supersaturation of the matrix in zinc. As a result, all the extrusions had similar grain size close to 1 µm and very fine nano-size precipitation. Yield strengths in tension were in the range of 376 and 404 MPa, and from 300 to 330 MPa in compression. All elongations to fracture were about 13%. It is concluded that supersaturation of the matrix during solidification is the main factor, resulting in the dynamic precipitation of very fine precipitates and fine grain size during extrusion.

    MDPI AG, 2018年05月10日, Metals, 8 (5), 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Akimitsu Sato, Yoshinaka Shimizu, Yoshimichi Imai, Toshiji Mukai, Akiko Yamamoto, Chieko Miura, Kenji Muraki, Yuya Sano, Naoko Ikeo, Masahiro Tachi

    Magnesium (Mg) alloys are considered promising materials for biodegradable medical devices however, the initial effects and distribution of released Mg2+ ions following implantation are unclear. This is addressed in the present study, using two types of Mg alloys implanted into rats. An in vitro immersion test was first carried out to quantify Mg2+ ions released from the alloys at early stages. Based on these data, we performed an in vivo experiment in which large amounts of alloys were subcutaneously implanted into the backs of rats for 1, 5, 10, and 25 h. Mg2+ accumulation in organs was measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. In vivo, blood and urine Mg2+ concentrations were higher in rats receiving the implants than in controls after 1 h however, the levels were within clinically accepted guidelines. The Mg2+ concentration in bone was significantly higher in the 25 h implanted group than in the other groups. Our results suggest that homeostasis is maintained by urinary excretion and bone accumulation of released Mg2+ ions in response to sudden changes in Mg2+ ion concentration in the body fluid in a large number of Mg alloy implants at the early stages.

    Institute of Physics Publishing, 2018年03月06日, Biomedical Materials (Bristol), 13 (3), 035006, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • S. R. Agnew, A. Singh, C. A. Calhoun, R. P. Mulay, J. J. Bhattacharyya, H. Somekawa, T. Mukai, B. Clausen, P. D. Wu

    Due to the excellent balance of strength and ductility exhibited by some Mg-Zn-RE (Y subgroup rare earth element) alloys, which contain icosahedral quasicrystalline precipitates, it is of interest to examine their deformation mechanisms. The internal strain evolution Mg-3at%Zn-0.5 at%Y with 4 vol% i-phase was measured using in-situ neutron diffraction. The extruded samples exhibit an initially weak <10.0> parallel to extrusion direction "rod texture," distinct from the normally strong texture of extruded Mg alloys, but the grain size is unexceptional (16.7 +/- 2.1 mu m). The initially weak texture contributes to a nearly symmetric yielding response between tension and compression. The hardening responses are asymmetric, however, since {10.2} extension twinning is significantly more active during compressive straining, despite the initially weak texture. In-situ neutron diffraction tension and compression experiments parallel to the extrusion direction, together with elasto-plastic self-consistent (EPSC) crystal plasticity modeling, reveal the strength and hardening behavior of individual slip and twinning modes. The previously published twinning-detwinning (TDT) model is implemented within the EPSC framework, and it is proven effective for describing the observed, mild tension-compression asymmetry. This is not possible with previous EPSC-based models of twinning. Finally, the description of hardening within the TDT model is modified, in order to accurately describe the evolution of internal strains within the twins. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2018年01月, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PLASTICITY, 100, 34 - 51, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Hiroyuki Watanabe, Takane Motoyama, Naoko Ikeo, Toshiji Mukai

    A magnesium matrix composite made of Mg-1mass%Ca and 10 vol% hydroxyapatite (HAp) particles was synthesized. The alloy powder was processed by pulverization of the small blocks of the alloy ingot using a high-speed blade grinder. Unreacted composite was successfully produced by extruding the two component powders at a temperature of 538 K. In the extruded compos-ites, the grains of the magnesium matrix were equiaxed and the matrix grain size was 3.9 μm. As for the HAp particles, both thin clustering and severe agglomeration with the size of ~30 μm were observed. The Young's modulus, tensile yield strength and tensile strength of the extruded composite were 39 GPa, 101 MPa and 153 MPa, respectively. The damping capacity of the composite was higher than that of extruded magnesium. The composite also showed good forgeability at a temperature of 523 K. However, quite high impurity contents of Fe (0.130 mass%) and Ni (0.010 mass%) were introduced in the magnesium matrix of the composite, probably as a result of contamination that accumulates during the processing (pulverization) of the alloy powder.

    Japan Institute of Metals (JIM), 2018年, Nippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals, 82 (1), 18 - 24, 日本語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Viera Gartnerova, Alok Singh, Ales Jaeger, Toshiji Mukai

    Fine and coarse grained (5-20 mu m) and ultra-fine-grained (down to 1 mu m) samples of a binary Mg-Al alloy were fabricated by extrusion at various temperatures. When tested in compression, a slight stress drop was observed after yielding, followed by a plateau in flow stress. This behavior is typical of textured fine-grained samples. Examination of deformed structures within the ultra-fine-grained samples at various levels of deformation showed that the stress drop after yielding is due to an occurrence of long, thin twins across low angle boundaries and in unrecrystallized regions. In the plateau region, extensive twinning occurs inside individual grains. Then, in a rapid strain hardening region that follows the plateau region, stress concentrations were found to build up on boundaries. Such pile-ups could be responsible for a lowering of fracture strain. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, 2017年12月, JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, 726, 651 - 657, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Hiroyuki WATANABE, Takane MOTOYAMA, IKEO NAOKO, Toshiji MUKAI

    Equal channel angular extrusion (ECAE) was applied to an extruded Mg–1.0mass%Ca alloy to achieve a
    high strength and high damping capacity. Microstructure observations revealed that the texture and local
    misorientation distribution depend on the ECAE temperature. ECAE at a low temperature of 260C
    resulted in a high average Schmid factor of basal slip and a high kernel average m

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, 2017年08月, Materials Letters, 201, 144 - 147, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Takane Motoyama, Hiroyuki Watanabe, Naoko Ikeo, Toshiji Mukai

    Equal channel angular extrusion (ECAE) was applied to an extruded Mg-1.0mass%Ca alloy to achieve a high strength and high damping capacity. Microstructure observations revealed that the texture and local misorientation distribution depend on the ECAE temperature. ECAE at a low temperature of 260 degrees C resulted in a high average Schmid factor of basal slip and a high kernel average misorientation in the processed alloy. Consequently, the alloy processed by ECAE showed a high yield strength without sacrificing the damping capacity. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, 2017年08月, MATERIALS LETTERS, 201, 144 - 147, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • 消化器外科の診断・手技・治療に役立つ先進技術 マグネシウム合金を用いた新規生体吸収性外科クリップの開発 イヌ胆嚢摘出モデルでの安全性と忍容性の検討

    吉田 俊彦, 福本 巧, 浦出 剛史, 木戸 正浩, 外山 博近, 浅利 貞毅, 味木 徹夫, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司, 具 英成

    (一社)日本消化器外科学会, 2017年07月, 日本消化器外科学会総会, 72回, O3 - 6, 日本語

  • Alok Singh, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Toshiji Mukai

    Deformation structures have been examined by transmission electron microscopy after 4% plastic deformation in tension and compression in a Mg-2.2 at%Y alloy extruded at 698 K to obtain a recrystallized grain size of about 20 The extruded alloy showed similar yield stresses of about 240 MPa in both tension and compression at room temperature. Dislocations formed by tensile stress showed a tendency of < a > type dislocations to cross slip to prismatic planes, resulting in long continuous dislocation loops. Dislocation loops with < c > components were also observed. Occasionally, [1021] type twinning was also observed in grains with large orientation away from basal texture. These grains contained predominantly basal slip. Compression deformed samples showed a limited number of [1012] type twins. The matrix contained loops of non-basal < a > type dislocations, together with basal dislocations with < c > component. Inside the twins occurred stacking faults and loops of < c > type dislocations with segments perpendicular to the basal plane. Activation of several deformation modes and complex dislocation structures explains the strain hardening behavior and low anisotropy of the alloy.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, 2017年06月, MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, 698, 238 - 248, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Toshihiko Yoshida, Takumi Fukumoto, Takeshi Urade, Masahiro Kido, Hirochika Toyama, Sadaki Asari, Tetsuo Ajiki, Naoko Ikeo, Toshiji Mukai, Yonson Ku

    Background. Operative clips used to ligate vessels in abdominal operation usually are made of titanium. They remain in the body permanently and form metallic artifacts in computed tomography images, which impair accurate diagnosis. Although biodegradable magnesium instruments have been developed in other fields, the physical properties necessary for operative clips differ from those of other instruments. We developed a biodegradable magnesium-zinc-calcium alloy clip with good biologic compatibility and enough clamping capability as an operative clip. In this study, we verified the safety and tolerability of this clip for use in canine cholecystectomy. Methods. Nine female beagles were used. We performed cholecystectomy and ligated the cystic duct by magnesium alloy or titanium clips. The chronologic change of clips and artifact formation were compared at 1, 4, 12, 18, and 24 weeks postoperative by computed tomography. The animals were killed at the end of the observation period, and the clips were removed to evaluate their biodegradability. We also evaluated their effect on the living body by blood biochemistry data. Results. The magnesium alloy clip formed much fewer artifacts than the titanium clip, and it was almost absorbed at 6 months postoperative. There were no postoperative complications and no elevation of constituent elements such as magnesium, calcium, and zinc during the observation period in both groups. Conclusion. The novel magnesium alloy clip demonstrated sufficient sealing capability for the cystic duct and proper biodegradability in canine models. The magnesium alloy clip revealed much fewer metallic artifacts in GT than the conventional titanium clip.

    MOSBY-ELSEVIER, 2017年06月, SURGERY, 161 (6), 1553 - 1560, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • IKEO Naoko, UEMURA Taichi, MUKAI Toshiji

    Recently, biodegradable bone fixation devices have been demanded when considering the patient's quality of life (QOL). During the fracture healing, the devices must support the repeated load due to daily performance. At the same time, surface of the magnesium devices was affected by body fluid. Thus in this research, in vitro fatigue properties of biodegradable Mg-0.3at.% Ca alloy was evaluated by using simulated body fluid. Though there was fatigue limit when the test was conducted under the ambient condition, it cannot be confirmed during the test in the simulated body fluid. Inspection of fracture surface revealed that crack propagated along the grain boundary after both the fatigue tests.

    SPRINGER INTERNATIONAL PUBLISHING AG, 2017年, Magnesium Technology 2017, 533 - 535, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • 新規マグネシウム合金を用いた生体吸収性外科クリップの開発

    吉田 俊彦, 福本 巧, 味木 徹夫, 木戸 正浩, 外山 博近, 浅利 貞毅, 浦出 剛史, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司, 具 英成

    (一社)日本消化器外科学会, 2016年07月, 日本消化器外科学会総会, 71回, P1 - 10, 日本語

  • 新しい生体吸収性マグネシウム合金クリップの開発とラット肝切除モデルにおける応用

    浦出 剛史, 福本 巧, 吉田 俊彦, 外山 博近, 木戸 正浩, 味木 徹夫, 黒田 大介, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司, 具 英成

    (一社)日本消化器外科学会, 2016年07月, 日本消化器外科学会総会, 71回, P1 - 10, 日本語

  • Chieko Miura, Yoshinaka Shimizu, Yoshimichi Imai, Toshiji Mukai, Akiko Yamamoto, Yuya Sano, Naoko Ikeo, Shuji Isozaki, Toru Takahashi, Miho Oikawa, Hiroyuki Kumamoto, Masahiro Tachi

    Biodegradable magnesium (Mg) alloys are the most promising candidates for osteosynthesis devices. However, their in vivo corrosion behaviour has not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to clarify the influence of the physiological environment surrounding Mg alloys on their corrosion behaviour. A Mg-1.0Al alloy with a fine-grained structure was formed into plates using titanium (Ti) as a control. These plates were implanted into the subperiosteum in the head, subcutaneous tissue of the back, and in the muscle of the femur of rats for 1, 2 and 4 weeks. The volumes of the remaining Mg alloy and of the insoluble salt deposition and gas cavities around the Mg alloy were determined by microtomography, and the volume losses were calculated. Then, the tissue response around the plates in each implantation site was examined histopathologically, and its relation to the respective volume loss was analyzed. These analyses determined that the Mg alloy was corroded fastest in the head, at an intermediate level in the back, and slowest in the femur. The insoluble salt deposition at the Mg alloy surface had no influence on the volume loss. Gas cavities formed around the Mg alloy at all implantation sites and decreased after 4 weeks. Histopathological examination revealed that the Mg alloy exhibited good biocompatibility, as was seen with Ti. In addition, vascularized fibrous capsules formed around the plates and became mature with time. Notably, the volume loss in the different anatomical locations correlated with capsule thickness. Together, our results suggest that, to facilitate the successful clinical application of Mg alloys, it will be necessary to further comprehend their interactions with specific in vivo environments.

    IOP PUBLISHING LTD, 2016年04月, BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS, 11 (2), 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Takayuki HASE, Tatsuya OTAGAKI, Masatake Yamaguchi, Naoko IKEO, Toshiji MUKAI

    We measured the impact toughness of three alloys (Mg, Mg-0.3 at%Ca-0.6 at%Zn, and Mg-0.3 at%Ca-0.6 at %Al) by the impact three-point bending test The plastic deformability and impact toughness were higher in the ternary alloys than in pure Mg. The generalized stacking fault energy and grain boundary cohesive energy were estimated by first-principles calculations for Mg, binary Mg-Ca, ternary Mg-Ca-Zn, and ternary Mg-Ca-Al alloys. The calculation results agreed with the trend in the experimental results. We suggest that addition of Ca along with Zn or Al reduced plastic anisotropy and strengthened the grain boundaries, leading to higher in impact toughness of Mg alloys. (C) 2015 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2016年02月, Acta Materialia, 104, 283 - 294, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Naoko Ikeo, Ryota Nakamura, Kosuke Naka, Toshiaki Hashimoto, Toshihiko Yoshida, Takeshi Urade, Kenji Fukushima, Hikaru Yabuuchi, Takumi Fukumoto, Yonson Ku, Toshiji Mukai

    To develop a biodegradable clip, the equivalent plastic strain distribution during occlusion was evaluated by the finite element analysis (FEA) using the material data of pure Mg. Since the PEA suggested that a maximum plastic strain of 0.40 is required to allow the Mg clips, the alloying of magnesium with essential elements and the control of microstructure by hot extrusion and annealing were conducted. Mechanical characterization revealed that the Mg-Zn-Ca alloy obtained by double extrusion followed by annealing at 673 K for 2 h possessed a fracture strain over 0.40. The biocompatibility of the alloy was confirmed here by investigating its degradation behavior and the response of extraperitoneal tissue around the Mg-Zn-Ca alloy. Small gas cavity due to degradation was observed following implantation of the developed Mg-Zn-Ca clip by in vivo micro-CT. Histological analysis, minimal observed inflammation, and an only small decrease in the volume of the implanted Mg-Zn-Ca clip confirmed its excellent biocompatibility. FEA using the material data for ductile Mg-Zn-Ca also showed that the clip could occlude the simulated vessel without fracture. In addition, the Mg-Zn-Ca alloy clip successfully occluded the renal vein. Microstructural observations using electron backscattering diffraction confirmed that dynamic recovery occurred during the later stage of plastic deformation of the ductile Mg-Zn-Ca alloy. These results suggest that the developed Mg-Zn-Ca alloy is a suitable material for biodegradable clips. Statement of significance Since conventional magnesium alloys have not exhibited significant ductility for applying the occlusion of vessels, the alloying of magnesium with essential elements and the control of microstructure by hot extrusion and annealing were conducted. Mechanical characterization revealed that the Mg-Zn-Ca alloy obtained by double extrusion followed by annealing at 673 K for 2 h possessed a fracture strain over 0.40. The biocompatibility of the alloy was confirmed by investigating its degradation behavior and the response of extraperitoneal tissue around the Mg-Zn-Ca alloy. Finite element analysis using the material data for the ductile Mg-Zn-Ca alloy also showed that the clip could occlude the simulated vessel without fracture. In addition, the Mg-Zn-Ca alloy clip successfully occluded the renal vein. Microstructural observations using electron backscattering diffraction confirmed that dynamic recovery occurred during the later stage of plastic deformation of the ductile Mg-Zn-Ca alloy. (C) 2015 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    ELSEVIER SCI LTD, 2016年01月, ACTA BIOMATERIALIA, 29, 468 - 476, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Takayuki Hase, Tomoaki Kawa, Naoko Ikeo, Toshiji Mukai

    Mechanical properties of magnesium alloys under dynamic loading are still unclear. To evaluate the impact fracture behavior of magnesium alloys, we constructed a novel impact three-point bending test apparatus using three elastic bars with Charpy standard-size specimen, and investigated the impact fracture properties of as-cast Mg-3%Al-1%Zn (hereafter denoted as AZ31) alloy. Finite element (FE) analysis were carried out to estimate the effect of inertial force of the specimen during the impact three-point bending. Based on the FE analysis, we successfully developed a small-scale apparatus for examining a quarter-size specimen, which was capable of carrying out the impact three-point bending test with minimized influence of the inertial force. Impact fracture behavior of Mg-6%Al-1%Zn-2%Ca (hereafter denoted as AZX612) alloy was estimated and compared by using small-scale apparatus. The experimental results pointed out that the AZX612 had had similar energy absorption capability to AZ31 against the dynamic loading, however, the crack propagation speed of the Ca bearing alloy was almost twice as fast as that of the AZ31 alloy.

    Japan Institute of Light Metals, 2016年, Keikinzoku/Journal of Japan Institute of Light Metals, 66 (5), 258 - 265, 日本語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Hidetoshi Somekawa, Alok Singh, Toshiji Mukai, Tadanobu Inoue

    The impact of alloying elements on the room temperature tensile behaviour was investigated for a wide range of strain rates using eight types of extruded Mg-0.3at.% X (X=Ag, Al, Li, Mn, Pb, Sn, Y and Zn) binary alloys with an average grain size of 2-3m. The solid solution alloying element affected not only tensile plasticity but also rate-controlling mechanism for these fine-grained magnesium alloys. Most of the alloys exhibited an elongation-to-failure of 20-50% , while the alloys with a high m-value exhibited large tensile plasticity, such as an elongation-to-failure of 140% in a strain rate of 1x10(-5)s(-1) for the Mg-Mn alloy. This elongation-to-failure is more than two times larger than that for pure magnesium. This is due to the major contribution of grain boundary sliding (GBS) on the deformation. Microstructural observations reveal that grain boundary segregation, which is likely to affect gain boundary energy, plays a role in the prevention or enhancement of GBS. The present results are clearly expected to open doors to the development of magnesium alloys with good secondary formability at room temperature through the control of alloying elements.

    TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2016年, PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE, 96 (25), 2671 - 2685, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Takahiko Yano, Naoko Ikeo, Hiroyuki Watanabe, Toshiji Mukai

    Superplastic deformation behavior was investigated for a dual-phase Mg-Ca alloy. The elongation-to-failure reached more than 120% with the strain rate sensitivity, m, over 0.4. The activation energy required for the deformation was estimated to be 98 kJ/mol which is close to the activation energy for grain boundary diffusion in magnesium. Therefore, the superplastic deformation mechanism was suggested to be the grain boundary sliding, which is controlled by boundary diffusion.

    Trans Tech Publications Ltd, 2016年, Materials Science Forum, 838-839, 256 - 260, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • 渡辺 博行, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    The magnesium composites containing hydroxyapatite (HA) particles were synthesized. Unreacted Mg/HA composites were successfully fabricated by extruding the two component powders. The Young's modulus and strength of the extruded composites were lower than that of extruded magnesium, whereas the damping capacity of the composite was superior to that of extruded magnesium over the entire strain range examined. Microstructural observation of the composite containing 10 vol%HA revealed that HA agglomerates with the size of 10-15 μm were formed during the fabrication. The mechanical properties of the composites were closely associated with the HA agglomeration.

    Japan Institute of Light Metals, 2016年, 軽金属, 66 (6), 318 - 323, 日本語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • 前田 智明, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    Today, stent is employed to expand the narrowed tubular organ such as blood vessel, esophagus and bile duct. The major of materials used for the stent is stainless steel or Ni-Ti alloy which remains in the body permanently and prevents the second application. Accordingly, this research targets on developing the biodegradable magnesium stent. Magnesium is, however, inferior to the conventional materials in mechanical properties. Therefore, it is required to improve the mechanical properties of magnesium and design the stent considering poverty of strength and ductility. To improve the mechanical properties, strengthening by solid solution due to adding Zn and Ca and by grain refining due to doubly hot extrusion were conducted. As a result, the extruded Mg-Ca-Zn alloy showed the superior mechanical properties compared with the conventional magnesium alloys. Furthermore, finite element analysis (FEA) based on the material data was conducted to investigate mechanical performance of a stent model. As a result of the FEA, it was indicated that Mg alloy stent has sufficient ductility for expansion and strength for restenosis. Examination for expanding a fabricated stent revealed that the FEA was reasonable and the present alloy was a good candidate for the stent application.

    Japan Institute of Light Metals, 2016年, 軽金属, 66 (6), 312 - 317, 日本語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Takayuki Hase, Tomoaki Kawa, Naoko Ikeo, Toshiji Mukai

    Mechanical properties of magnesium alloys under dynamic loading are still unclear. To evaluate the impact fracture behavior of magnesium alloys, we constructed a novel impact three-point bending test apparatus using three elastic bars with Charpy standard-size specimen, and investigated the impact fracture properties of as-cast Mg-3Al-1Zn (hereafter denoted as AZ31) alloy. Finite element (FE) analysis were carried out to estimate the effect of inertial force of the specimen during the impact three-point bending. Based on the FE analysis, we successfully developed a small-scale apparatus for examining a quarter-size specimen, which was capable of carrying out the impact three-point bending test with minimized influence of the inertial force. Impact fracture behavior of Mg-6Al-1Zn-2Ca (hereafter denoted as AZX612) alloy was estimated and compared by using small-scale apparatus. The experimental results pointed out that the AZX612 had similar energy absorption capability to AZ31 against the dynamic loading, however, the crack propagation speed of the Ca bearing alloy was almost twice as fast as that of the AZ31 alloy.

    JAPAN INST METALS, 2016年, MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS, 57 (11), 1872 - 1879, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • 宮居 秀地, 山口 正剛, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    Today, there is a demand for bio-stapler which gradually degraded in the body and disappeared after healing from the medical field. Magnesium is noted as the material with biodegradability and biocompatibility. However, compared with the current material, magnesium have too poor mechanical properties to apply to the stapler. Therefore, it is necessary to improve its mechanical properties. It is known that addition of Ca improves the strength and corrosion resistance. To investigate the effect of alloying element on formability of Mg-Ca alloys, the generalized stacking fault energy was estimated by first-principles calculations for binary Mg-Ca, ternary Mg-Ca-Na, ternary Mg-Ca-K and ternary Mg-Ca-Sr alloys. We suggest that addition of Na, K or Sr reduced plastic anisotropy of binary Mg-Ca alloys.

    一般社団法人 日本機械学会, 2016年, M&M材料力学カンファレンス, 2016 (0), PS - 41, 日本語

  • Hidetoshi SOMEKAWA, Tadanobu INOUE, Toshiji MUKAI

    マグネシウムは実用金属材料の中で最軽量であり、次世代の移動用構造部材として注目を浴びている。本解説では、移動用部材として安全・信頼性の観点から重要な機械的特性であるマグネシウムの強度・靭性について注目し、これらの特性値に影響を及ぼす材料組織学的因子(結晶粒径や集合組織、析出粒子形態など)についてや、数値解析法を利用した高性能マグネシウム合金創製の可能性について紹介する。

    2015年06月23日, Journal of the Japan Society for Technology of Plasticity, 50 (579), 291 - 295, 日本語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Hidetoshi Somekawa, Masatake Yamaguchi, Yoshiaki Osawa, Alok Singh, Mitsuhiro Itakura, Tomohito Tsuru, Toshiji Mukai

    Magnesium alloys are very promising structural material, especially because of their low density, but their poor deformability at room temperature is making their commercial application impractical. Some alloying elements have been shown to improve the ductility dramatically, and a search for the yet better alloying elements is now a pressing task. In this study, we investigated the effects of several alloying elements on the mechanical and deformation behaviour of magnesium alloys using both first-principles calculations as well as experiments. The first-principles calculations indicate that the influential key factor for the activation of non-basal slips is the electronegativity and atomic radius. The experimental result proves that the alloys with a similar electronegativity as magnesium and a little larger atomic radius than that of magnesium, such as Ca, Sr and some rare earth elements, show superior ductility due to activation of non-basal dislocation slips. These results propose a promising design principle for the alloys with the improved deformability at room temperature ranges.

    TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2015年03月, PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE, 95 (8), 869 - 885, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Hiroyuki Watanabe, Yasuyoshi Sasakura, Naoko Ikeo, Toshiji Mukai

    The damping capacity, which was characterized by bending vibration decay, was examined in extruded pure magnesium to understand the role played by pre-existing twins introduced by pre-strain. For materials without pre-strain, the damping capacity consisted of the strain-independent and the strain-dependent parts, which emerged above a critical strain. The critical strain observed for the damping capacity corresponded to the proportional limit observed for the tensile or compressive curves. For materials pre-strained to 1% and 8% in the extrusion direction, the damping capacity began to increase at low strains below the proportional limit and was higher than that without pre-strain. The higher damping capacity is thought to occur because of the alternate shrinkage and growth of pre-existing twins. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, 2015年03月, JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, 626, 60 - 64, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Effect of Solute Segregation on Fracture Behavior of Mg Alloy

    Tomoaki Kawa, Masatake Yamaguchi, IKEO NAOKO, Toshiji Mukai

    TMS, 2015年03月, Proceedings of TMS 2015 Annual meeting, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Degradation Behavior of Mg-Ca Nail after Penetration into Artificial Bone

    IKEO NAOKO, Junichi Shimizu, Chihiro Ishigaki, Yuya Sano, Yoshinaka Shimizu, Toshiji Mukai

    TMS, 2015年03月, Proceedings of TMS 2015 Annual meeting, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Hidetoshi Somekawa, Yoshiaki Osawa, Alok Singh, Kota Washio, Akira Kato, Toshiji Mukai

    The effect of minor yttrium atom addition on deformation behavior was investigated using Mg-X at %Y (X = 0.01, 0.02, 0.03, 0.04 and 0.05) dilute alloys and pure magnesium with an average grain size of about 50 mu m. The stress and strain curves in all the alloys showed a sigmoidal shape in the compression tests, which suggested the formation of {10 (1) over bar2}-type twinning due to the lack of slip system. On the other hand, yttrium atom addition of more than 0.03 at% was effective to affect the deformation behavior: a large compressive strain of 0.5 was possible to obtain, and the sub-grained and fine-grained structures were formed even at room temperature in three kinds of alloys. The dominant deformation mechanism in these alloys was the twinning at the beginning of the state and the dislocation slip with further imposed strain.

    JAPAN INST METALS, 2015年02月, JOURNAL OF THE JAPAN INSTITUTE OF METALS, 79 (2), 35 - 40, 日本語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Hidetoshi Somekawa, Toshiji Mukai

    The effects of grain size and strain rate on tension behavior at ambient temperature were investigated for several extruded magnesium with an average grain size in the range between 1 and 20 mu m. In quasi-static strain rate regimes (1 x 10(-2) to 10(-4) s(-1)), the activation volume was similar to 20b (3) (b is the Burgers vector), which suggested that the major contribution of deformation was cross-slip and/or multiple slips. In contrast, in low strain rate regimes (< 1 x 10(-4) s(-1)), the ductility increased with grain refinement, and the maximum elongation-to-failure was 230 pct for a grain size of 1.2 mu m and a strain rate of 1 x 10(-5) s(-1); such ductility was never observed in magnesium at room temperature. In addition, the activation volume was also reduced to similar to 5b (3). Observations of the deformed surface revealed plentiful traces of grain boundary sliding. This mechanism played an important role in deformation. As a result, while the yield strength was aligned on the Hall-Petch relation in quasi-static strain rate regimes, an inverse Hall-Petch effect was observed in low strain rate regimes.

    SPRINGER, 2015年02月, METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A-PHYSICAL METALLURGY AND MATERIALS SCIENCE, 46A (2), 894 - 902, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Hiroyuki Watanabe, Tadaaki Sawada, Yasuyoshi Sasakura, Naoko Ikeo, Toshiji Mukai

    The damping capacity and mechanical response under uniaxial tension and compression were examined for specimens of extruded magnesium inclined by 0 degrees, 15 degrees and 30 degrees relative to the extrusion direction. It was found that both the microyielding under uniaxial deformation and the occurrence of strain-dependent damping capacity pertain to the same physical event: the breaking away of basal (a) dislocations from weak pinning points and the subsequent sweeping motion of dislocations between strong pinning points. (C) 2014 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2014年09月, SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 87, 1 - 4, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Alok Singh, Yoshiaki Osawa, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Toshiji Mukai

    Recently, magnesium alloys with a dispersion of quasicrystalline icosahedral i-phase have been shown to exhibit very high strengths combined with ductility. However, effect of the i-phase and its amount has not been investigated comprehensively. To make a systematic investigation, two alloys of composition Mg-6x Zn-x Y, where x=0.5 and 1 at%, were chill cast and extruded at three different temperatures to produce various grain sizes with a dispersion of i-phase. The extruded alloys were tested in tension and compression. Very fine grains of micron and submicron size have been obtained, resulting in very high yield strengths of up to about 400 MPa accompanied by total elongations of over 12%. Microstructural features such as precipitation and texture have been studied, and mechanical properties such as strength and ductility in tension and compression have been determined. As the grain size is refined, depending on the alloy composition and extrusion temperature, the texture is also modified, such that a higher strength resulting from finer grain size is accompanied by a reasonable elongation, of over 12%. In aged condition the Hall-Petch plots for tensile and compressive yield strengths are nearly parallel, with slopes in the range of 237-307 MPa mu m(-1/2). The Hall-Petch slopes of critically resolved shear stress of slip and twinning are nearly the same at about 63 MPa mu m(-1/2). (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, 2014年08月, MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, 611, 242 - 251, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • A. Jaeger, V. Gaertnerova, T. Mukai

    Coarse grained Mg-0.3 at.% Al (0.33 in wt.%) alloy was processed by direct extrusion with a reduction ratio of 25:1 at a temperature of similar to 433 K. The extrusion remainder was removed from the die and analysed in three distinct zones: the cast billet, the conical zone of extrusion die, and the as-extruded rod. The zones were characterized by electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) and light microscopy techniques to identify the processes responsible for grain refinement. Complex networks of {10-12} twins in practically all grains produced a noticeable microstructural fragmentation even before the material reached the conical zone of the die. Deformation twinning extended up to the entrance zone of the conical die where it was followed by a continuous dynamic recrystallization (CDRX) that gradually changed low angle boundaries to high angle boundaries. It is apparent that geometrically necessary dislocations play a crucial role in the formation of new grain boundaries. CDRX results in a bimodal structure with grain diameters similar to 3 and similar to 30 mu m. As a material flows through the conical zone, the ratio of large to small grains is progressively decreased by CDRX in favour of fine grains. The as-extruded microstructure (a rod 8 mm in diameter), with an average grain diameter of similar to 2.1 mu m, shows a strong texture where the vast majority of grains (99.99%) have the c-axis oriented at least 30 degrees from the extrusion direction. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC, 2014年07月, MATERIALS CHARACTERIZATION, 93, 102 - 109, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Alok Singh, Yoshiaki Osawa, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Toshiji Mukai, Catherine J. Parrish, Donald S. Shih

    Very high strengths, with tensile yield strength from 377 to 405 MPa, combined with elongation to failure of over 12 pct, have been achieved in Mg-Zn-Y dilute alloys by direct extrusion. Alloys Mg-6xZn-xY, where x = 0.2, 0.35, and 0.5 (at. pct) were chill cast in a steel mold and direct extruded at a temperature in the range 508 K to 528 K (235 A degrees C to 255 A degrees C), which produced an average grain size of about 1 mu m. Quasicrystalline i-phase particles were dispersed in the matrix with size ranging from 50 nm to 1 mu m. In addition, high density of nano-precipitates of average size 15 nm was dispersed in matrix. Thus we have developed magnesium alloys of very high strength combined with ductility by a simple process using extrusion with very little addition of yttrium. (C) The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2013

    SPRINGER, 2014年07月, METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A-PHYSICAL METALLURGY AND MATERIALS SCIENCE, 45A (8), 3232 - 3240, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • 渡辺博行, 笹倉康義, 向井 敏司

    Tensile response at low strains and damping capacity were characterized in pure magnesium and Mg-1 mass%Ca alloy with the aim of revealing the effect of extrusion process and Ca addition. The damping capacity of extruded magnesium and solution treated Mg-1 mass%Ca alloy was lower than that of cast magnesium in the strain range examined. The proportional limit in the stress-strain relation of extruded magnesium and solution treated Mg-1 mass%Ca alloy was higher than that of cast magnesium. For all materials examined, the proportional limit corresponded to the critical strain, above which damping capacity begins to increase with strain. This suggests that dislocations breaking away from weak pinning points such as impurity/solute atoms causes the deviation from linearity in the stress-strain relation.

    JAPAN INST METALS, 2014年06月, 日本金属学会誌, 78 (6), 230 - 234, 日本語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Hidetoshi Somekawa, Hiroyuki Watanabe, Toshiji Mukai

    The effect of solid-solution alloying on grain boundary sliding (GBS) was investigated using pure magnesium and six kinds of Mg-X (X = Ag, Al, Li, Pb, Y and Zn) dilute binary solid solutions with an average grain size of 10 mu m. A sharp increase in damping capacity caused by GBS was observed above a certain temperature. The temperature at which a sharp increase in damping capacity occurred depended on the alloying element. The addition of Y and Ag markedly increased the onset temperature (more than 100 K) for a sharp increase in damping capacity, whereas the addition of Zn, Al and Li slightly increased the onset temperature (less than 50 K) as compared with that for pure magnesium. Tensile tests at a temperature of 423 K revealed that the higher the onset temperature, the lower the strain rate sensitivity of the flow stress. It is suggested that the former elements (Y and Ag) are more effective in suppressing GBS in magnesium alloys than the latter ones (Zn, Al and Li). The suppression of GBS was associated with low grain boundary energy, and the extent to which the energy is reduced depended on the alloying element. It was suggested that the change in the lattice parameter (the so-called c/a ratio) affects the grain boundary energy, and thus, the occurrence of GBS.

    TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2014年04月, PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE, 94 (12), 1345 - 1360, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • 上田 哲也, 長尾 昌樹, 池尾 直子, 鷲尾 宏太, 木下 昭人, 加藤 晃, 向井 敏司

    Weight reduction is effective for improving fuel efficiency of automobiles. Although magnesium is widely recognized as the lightest structural metal, applications for the automobile are limited because of the relatively low ductility, toughness, impact resistance and fatigue resistance. The aim of this research was to evaluate the impact energy absorption capability of a magnesium alloy pipe by a numerical simulation. First of all, finite element (FE) analysis of impact compression of magnesium alloy pipes was performed to design the shape of anvils for a dynamic compression experiment. The compression tests were conducted at a high strain rate on two Mg alloys, AZ31 and Mg-0.6Y, to examine the deformation response. The load-displacement data obtained were compared with the results of FE analysis to validate the simulation. The FE analysis revealed that the AZ31 pipe fractured at an early stage of deformation, while the Mg-0.6Y pipe fractured at about 90% compressed. As a result, Mg-0.6Y pipe exhibited lower yield strength, but a higher absorption energy capability than AZ31 pipe due to a weakened basal texture.

    JAPAN INST METALS, 2014年04月, 日本金属学会誌, 78 (4), 142 - 148, 日本語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Julian M. Rosalie, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Alok Singh, Toshiji Mukai

    Precipitation strengthening in Mg-Zn-Y alloys occurs via the formation of a fine dispersion of β'< inf> 1< /inf> (Mg< inf> 4< /inf> Zn< inf> 7< /inf> ) rods aligned parallel to the hexagonal axis. In this study, texture and controlled deformation have been used to control the directionality and morphology of the precipitates and their effect on the ageing response. The resulting precipitates were studied via conventional and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. Texture was developed through extrusion at 300°C, followed by controlled room-temperature deformation to generate microstructures where yield occurred either with, or without, twinning. The ageing response was monitored using hardness testing. Both compressive and tensile deformation accelerated the ageing response. Compression parallel to the extrusion axis generated a high volume fraction of twins. Precipitates on the twin boundaries assumed a low aspect-ratio morphology different from the usual high-aspect ratio rods.

    Wiley Blackwell, 2014年03月03日, Essential Readings in Magnesium Technology, 319 - 324, 英語

    [査読有り]

    論文集(書籍)内論文

  • Alok Singh, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Toshiji Mukai

    Transmission electron microscopic study of crack propagation in a fine-grained Mg-Zn alloy shows a complex interplay of slip and twinning, leading to formation of twin-related nano-sized domains of 50nm size related by {101} and {102} twin orientations. Subgrain formation with low angle boundaries is followed by formation of {101} twins and twin multiplication by nucleation and growth. Basal and prismatic slip play an important role in the growth and formation of new domains of twins and boundaries. These basal and prismatic slip occur in the matrix as well as inside the {101} twins. Steps on these twin boundaries indicate interaction with slip, leading to their growth. Evidence of nucleation of twins on grain boundaries is found. Most interesting is the indication of nucleation of {101}-type twins. String or stacks of nano-sized domains related to each other by {101} twinning were found in the matrix, where the matrix contained basal, prismatic as well as pyramidal dislocations. It appears that a localization of slip or formation of low angle boundaries to accommodate stress from surrounding domains leads to nucleation of these twins.

    TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2014年03月, PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE, 94 (9), 898 - 913, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Masaki Nagao, Tomofumi Terada, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Alok Singh, Toshiji Mukai

    This study examines Mg-Y binary alloys at a high strain rate of approximately 1 x 10(3) s(-1) in compression by using a split Hopkinson pressure bar to elucidate the effect of yttrium in magnesium on mechanical anisotropy and other properties. As a result of high strain rate compression, Mg-0.6 at.%Y alloy showed less mechanical anisotropy, a lower strain hardening rate, and a larger compressive strain to failure of approximately 0.4, as compared with pure magnesium. Microstructure analysis by scanning electron microscopy/electron backscatter diffraction revealed that the addition of yttrium could release the stress concentration at the interface between the matrix and the {} c-axis tension twins by the formation of subgrains and lattice rotation around the c-axis during dynamic compression.

    SPRINGER, 2014年02月, JOM, 66 (2), 305 - 311, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Hidetoshi Somekawa, Atsushi Shimoda, Tomoko Hirayama, Takashi Matsuoka, Toshiji Mukai

    The wear and friction properties of the Mg-Zn-Y alloys with a dispersion of the quasi-crystalline phase were investigated using the pin-on-disk configuration. The wear loss rates and the friction coefficient were obtained to be 1.95 x 10(-5)mm(3)/mm and 0.26 in the casted alloy, 1.75 x 10(-5)mm(3)/mm and 0.24 in the heat-treated alloy, 2.40 x 10(-5)mm(3)/mm and 0.24 in the extruded alloy, respectively, under the dry wear condition. An effective method to enhance the wear properties in the magnesium alloys was determined to be a homogenous distribution of the quasi-crystalline phase in the coarse-grained matrix. Meanwhile, the grain refinement was not suitable due to grain boundary sliding, i.e., materials softening.

    JAPAN INST METALS, 2014年01月, MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS, 55 (1), 216 - 219, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Hidetoshi Somekawa, Yoshiaki Osawa, Alok Singh, Kota Washio, Akira Kato, Toshiji Mukai

    The effect of minor addition of yttrium element on deformation behavior was investigated using Mg-Xat%Y (X = 0.01, 0.02, 0.03, 0.04 and 0.05) dilute alloys and pure magnesium with an average grain size of about 50 mu m. The stress and strain curves in all the alloys showed a sigmoidal shape in the compression tests, which suggested the formation of {10 (1) over bar2}-type twinning due to the lack of slip system. On the other hand, yttrium atom addition of more than 0.03 at% was effective to affect the deformation behavior: a large compressive strain of 0.5 was possible to obtain, and the sub-grained and fine-grained structures were formed even at room temperature in three kinds of alloys. The dominant deformation mechanism in these alloys was the twinning at the beginning of the state and the dislocation slip with further imposed strain.

    JAPAN INST METALS, 2014年01月, MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS, 55 (1), 182 - 187, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Tomoaki Kawa, Masaki Nagao, Toshiji Mukai

    The mechanical properties of magnesium alloys under dynamic loading have not been explored in sufficient depth. This research aims to estimate the impact fracture toughness of AZ31 magnesium alloy by finite element (FE) analysis. An FE model of impact three-point bending with three elastic bars is developed. FE analysis is presented for AZ31 magnesium alloy and compared with the results for 7075-T6 aluminum alloy as a reference. The FE analysis showed that the plastic deformation region is wider and the crack propagating rate is lower in the AZ31 specimen than in the 7075-T6 specimen. Moreover, the energy absorption capability and impact fracture toughness of AZ31 alloy were found to be higher than those of 7075-T6 alloy. © (2014) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland.

    Trans Tech Publications Ltd, 2014年, Applied Mechanics and Materials, 566, 316 - 321, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Takahiro Mineta, Seiji Miura, Toshiji Mukai, Mikito Ueda, Tetsuo Mohri

    In Mg alloys, the most favorable deformation mechanism is the basal slip, and extension twinning also contributes to plastic deformation. Other mechanisms such as prismatic slips, pyramidal slips and twinning except for extension twinning scarcely occur. However, these slip systems also contribute to the plastic deformation of poly crystal Mg alloys, so the determination of CRSS of such non-basal slip systems are inevitable as a basis for the prediction of the deformation behavior of poly-crystal Mg alloys. Because of the difficulty of the evaluation of CRSS for non-basal slip by conventional compression test, newly designed "Pure shear test" is applied to evaluate the CRSS of the prismatic slip Mg alloy single crystals containing Y. Also a modification of Bridgman method using LiF + LiCl is attempted to obtain a pure-Mg single crystal.

    JAPAN INST METALS & MATERIALS, 2013年10月, JOURNAL OF THE JAPAN INSTITUTE OF METALS AND MATERIALS, 77 (10), 466 - 472, 日本語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Hidetoshi Somekawa, Toshiji Mukai

    The deformation behavior at the grain boundary was investigated by the molecular dynamics simulation using two models based on different kinds of [1 - 100] symmetric tilt boundaries (Sigma 25 with a tilt angle of theta = 23 degrees and Sigma 10 with theta = 78 degrees) in magnesium. Grain boundary migrations occurred in both models due to the reduction in the internal energy during deformation. The deformation mechanism at the grain boundary was shown to be the twinning induced grain boundary migration. The grain boundary migration was affected by the grain boundary structures, and it was enhanced in the grain boundaries with high energies. On the other hand, the grain boundary migration was suppressed by the addition of solute atoms, i.e., aluminum and silver. The silver atoms were found to be more effective for suppression than the aluminum atoms. These behaviors occurred in both the molecular dynamics simulation and the experiments. (c) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, 2013年09月, COMPUTATIONAL MATERIALS SCIENCE, 77, 424 - 429, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • 医療用デバイスのための生体吸収性マグネシウム合金の開発

    清水 良央, 山本 玲子, 向井 敏司, 熊本 裕行

    東北大学歯学会, 2013年06月, 東北大学歯学雑誌, 32 (1), 30 - 31, 日本語

  • Julian M. Rosalie, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Alok Singh, Toshiji Mukai

    The effect of pre-ageing deformation on the size and distribution of beta'(1) precipitates and subsequently on the resulting strength and ductility have been measured in a Mg-3.0at.%Zn-0.5at.%Y alloy. The alloy was extruded and then subjected to a T8 heat treatment comprised of a solution-treatment, cold-work and artificial ageing. Extrusion was used to introduce texture, ensuring that deformation occurred via slip rather than twinning. Samples were subjected to controlled uniaxial deformation and then isothermally aged to peak hardness. Precipitate length, diameter and number density were measured and evaluated in terms of the strength and ductility of the alloy. The nucleation of the beta'(1) precipitates in peak-aged condition without pre-ageing deformation (i.e. T6 treatment) was poor, with only 0.5% volume fraction, compared to approximately 3.5% in T6 treated binary Mg-3.0at.%Zn alloy. The microstructure of the Mg-Zn-Y alloy was less refined, with larger diameter precipitates and lower beta'(1) number densities than a binary Mg-3.0at.%Zn alloy. Deformation to 5% plastic strain increased the volume fraction of beta'(1) precipitates to approximately 2.3% and refined the beta'(1) precipitate length and diameter. The combination of these effects increased the yield strength after isothermal ageing from 217 MPa (0% cold-work) to 287 MPa (5% cold-work). The yield stress increased linearly with reciprocal interparticle spacing on the basal and prismatic planes and the alloy showed similar strengthening against basal slip to Mg-Zn. The elongation increased linearly with particle spacing. The ductility of Mg-Zn-Y alloys was similar to that of Mg-Zn for equivalently spaced particles. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, 2013年02月, JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, 550, 114 - 123, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Hidetoshi Somekawa, Toshiji Mukai

    The effect of grain size and alloying elements on the yield strength in compression was investigated using pure magnesium and its diluted solid solution alloys (Mg-Zn and Mg-Y alloys). The yield strength in compression was closely related to the {10-12} twinning, and followed the Hall-Petch relation in all the alloys. The value of σ0 increased in the following order, Mg-Y> Mg-Zn> pure magnesium, indicating solid solution strengthening however, the slope in the Hall-Petch relation was not influenced much by the alloying elements. The twinning formed frequently at the grain boundaries with a low misorientation angle, and even occurred in the parent grains with a low Schmid factor in all the alloys. These results indicated that one of the most influential parameters for the Hall-Petch slope was not the Schmid factor but the grain boundary characteristics. All the stress and strain curves in the compression showed a plateau region referring to the expansion/propagation of {10-12} twinning after the yielding behavior. The length of the plateau region increased with a decrease in the grain size and the Schmid factor of the basal slip in the parent grains. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

    2013年01月20日, Materials Science and Engineering A, 561, 378 - 385, 英語

    [査読有り][招待有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Hidetoshi Somekawa, Shunsuke Maeda, Tomoko Hirayama, Takashi Matsuoka, Tadanobu Inoue, Toshiji Mukai

    The friction and wear properties of pure magnesium and the Mg-Y alloy were investigated using the pin-on-disk configuration. The friction and wear resistance of the Mg-Y alloy was superior to those of pure magnesium. The wear mechanism was abrasion under all the conditions. The deformed microstructural evolutions near the surface region were observed by transmission electron microscopy and electron backscatter diffraction. The stress and strain states were also evaluated by finite element analysis (FEA). The deformed microstructures of both alloys consisted of the {10-12} twinning formation and the FEA results showed the occurrence of plastic deformation even at the beginning of the test. The formation of low angle grain boundaries was also confirmed with an increase in the applied load in the Mg-Y alloy. On the other hand, grain refinement due to dynamic recrystallization was observed in pure magnesium as the wear test progressed. The different microstructures resulted from difference in the surface temperature during the wear test, which was estimated to be around 393 K and 363 K for pure magnesium and the Mg-Y alloy, respectively. The high increment temperature in the fine-grained alloys brought about the occurrence of grain boundary sliding, i.e., material softening, which led to a decrease in the friction and wear properties. The present results indicated that one of the methods for enhancing the friction and wear properties is to increase the dynamic reaystallization temperature. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, 2013年01月, MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, 561, 371 - 377, 英語

    [査読有り][招待有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Julian Rosalie, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Alok Singh, Toshiji Mukai

    2013年, Magnesium Technology, 323 - 328, 英語

    [査読有り][招待有り]

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Alok Singh, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Tadanobu Inoue, Toshiji Mukai

    2013年, Magnesium Technology, 317 - 322, 英語

    [査読有り][招待有り]

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Hidetoshi Somekawa, Toshiji Mukai

    The effect of grain boundary structures on the deformation behavior at the grain boundaries in magnesium was examined by the nanoindentation creep test. The results of the nanoindentation creep test showed that the dominant deformation mechanism around the grain boundary was grain boundary sliding; however, the occurrence of grain boundary sliding was closely related to the grain boundary energy. The grain boundary with high energy showed high strain rate sensitivity, which was the same tendency as that of the other metallic materials. Furthermore, the addition of aluminum atoms into magnesium tended to prevent the grain boundary sliding due to the decrease in grain boundary energy. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, 2012年06月, MATERIALS LETTERS, 76, 32 - 35, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Julian M. Rosalie, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Alok Singh, Toshiji Mukai

    We report on a quantitative investigation into the effect of size and distribution of rod-shaped 13; precipitates on strength and ductility of a Mg-Zn alloy. Despite precipitation strengthening being crucial for the practical application of magnesium alloys this study represents the first systematic examination of the effect of controlled deformation on the precipitate size distribution and the resulting strength and ductility of a magnesium alloy. Pre-ageing deformation was used to obtain various distributions of rod-shaped beta'(1) precipitates through heterogeneous nucleation. Alloys were extruded to obtain a texture so as to avoid formation of twins and thus to ensure that dislocations were the primary nucleation site. Pre-ageing strain refined precipitate length and diameter, with average length reduced from 440 nm to 60 nm and diameter from 14 nm to 9 nm. Interparticle spacings were measured from micrographs and indicated some inhomogeneity in the precipitate distribution. The yield stress of the alloy increased from 273 MPa to 309 MPa. The yield stress increased linearly as a function of reciprocal interparticle spacing, but at a lower rate than predicted for Orowan strengthening. Pre-ageing deformation also resulted in a significant loss of ductility (from 17% to 6% elongation). Both true strain at failure and uniform elongation showed a linear relationship with particle spacing, in agreement with models for the accumulation of dislocations around non-deforming obstacles. Samples subjected to 3% pre-ageing deformation showed a substantially increased ageing response compared to non-deformed material; however, additional deformation (to 5% strain) resulted in only modest changes in precipitate distribution and mechanical properties. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, 2012年03月, MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, 539, 230 - 237, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Bin Li, Shailendra P. Joshi, O. Almagri, Q. Ma, K. T. Ramesh, T. Mukai

    An ultrafine-grained (UFG) ZK60 Mg alloy with an average grain size of similar to 1.0 mu m was processed by extrusion at relatively low temperature (488 K) with a high area reduction ratio (similar to 25). The mechanical behavior of the UFG Mg alloy is investigated over strain rates spanning nearly eight decades (10(-4)-10(4) s(-1)). The stress-strain responses in the quasi-static (similar to 10(-4) s(-1)) and high rate (10(4) s(-1)) regimes exhibit the characteristic sigmoidal profile that is a signature of {10 (1) over bar2}< 10 (1) over bar(1) over bar > extension twinning. Further, this sigmoidal profile is accentuated at high rates, suggesting a rate effect of twinning induced hardening. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and analysis of the as-received and deformed microstructures indicate the occurrence of twinning even at the quasi-static rates of loading. This observation is contrary to some of the theoretical predictions that suggest suppression of twinning in Mg below critical grain sizes much larger than in the present work. From the XRD analysis we infer that the twin volume fraction increases with increasing applied strain rate. Transmission electron microscopy observations of the tested specimens reveal high density non-basal dislocations that may result from the activation of these slip systems following twinning-induced lattice reorientation. (C) 2011 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2012年02月, ACTA MATERIALIA, 60 (4), 1818 - 1826, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • FORMATION OF NANO-SCALE TWINS AND LOW ANGLE GRAIN BOUNDARIES DURING FRACTURE OF A FINE GRAINED MAGNESIUM ALLOYS

    Alok Singh, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Toshiji Mukai

    Fine grained magnesium alloys show high fracture toughness, associated with void formation. Detailed microstructural evolution during a fracture toughness test of a fine grained Mg-Zn alloy has been studied here by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Focused ion beam (FIB) technique was used for obtaining samples near crack. Initially, subgrain structures form ahead of the crack tip, after which {10 (1) over bar1} type twins of width of about 400nm form. They further twin by {10 (1) over bar2} twinning. Subsequent twinning occurs at a finer scale near the crack, forming configurations of {10 (1) over bar1}-{10 (1) over bar2} double twins and low angle boundaries. The scale of the twin domains became progressively finer to less than 50nm. In absence of enough dislocations to pile up causing fracture, deformation continues to occur by the twinning.

    JOHN WILEY & SONS, 2012年, MAGNESIUM TECHNOLOGY 2012, pp.93-97, 93 - 97, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Evaluating the effect of pre-ageing deformation on beta ' precipitate size and distribution in Mg-Zn(-Y) Alloys

    Julian M. Rosalie, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Alok Singh, Toshiji Mukai

    The effect of pre-ageing deformation on the precipitate diameter and length distribution in Mg-Zn(-Y) alloys was examined. Extrusion and pre-ageing deformation were used to introduce dislocations while precluding twin formation. Dislocations provided nucleation sites for rod-like beta(1)' precipitates, resulting in a refinement of the precipitate size distribution. In the binary alloy 5% strain reduced the average precipitate length from approximately 450nm to 60nm, and average diameter from 14 to 9 nm. Substantial reductions in precipitate size were also observed in the Mg-Zn(-Y) alloy. The average interparticle spacing of the rod-like precipitates was measured by Delaunay triangulation. The precipitate distribution was found to be significantly inhomogeneous, with measured interparticle spacings approximately 32% greater than predicted. For 5% pre-ageing deformation the yield strength of the binary alloy approached 95% of the ultimate tensile strength.

    JOHN WILEY & SONS, 2012年, MAGNESIUM TECHNOLOGY 2012, pp.191-196, 191 - 196, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Development of High Strength and Toughness Magnesium Alloy by Grain Boundary Control

    Hidetoshi Somekawa, Alok Singh, Tadanobu Inoue, Toshiji Muka

    The mechanical properties, such as strength and fracture toughness, were investigated using caliber rolled Mg-6wt.% Al-1wt.% Zn (AZ61) alloy, which is the material consists of a constrained plane other than the rolling direction plane and is compressed non-simultaneously from two directions. The initial microstructural observations showed that the caliber rolled AZ61 alloy had a high fraction of low-angle grain boundaries and an average grain size of 2.2 mu m. In addition, particles with an average size of 100 nm existed in the matrix. This alloy showed a yield strength of 423 MPa and a fracture toughness of 34.1 MPam(1/2). A combination of grain refinement, formation of low-angle grain boundaries and dispersion of fine particles is one of the effective microstructural controls to produce the magnesium alloys with fracture toughness similar to the conventional high strength aluminum alloys.

    JOHN WILEY & SONS, 2012年, MAGNESIUM TECHNOLOGY 2012, pp.345-347, 345 - 347, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Hidetoshi Somekawa, Hiroyuki Watanabe, Toshiji Mukai

    The effect of the interface structure between the matrix and the particle on the damping capacity was investigated using Mg-Zn and Mg-Zn-Y alloys in this study. The damping capacity was not affected by the interface structure at room temperature. However, the onset of temperature, which was higher in the Mg-Zn-Y alloy than in the Mg-Zn alloy despite their similar grain sizes, increased the damping capacity through grain boundary relaxation by grain boundary sliding. Compared to the Mg-Zn alloy, the existence of the quasicrystal phase particles, which had the coherent interface with low interface energy, was likely to have suppressed and delayed the grain boundary sliding in the Mg-Zn alloy. (C) 2011 Elsevier By. All rights reserved.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, 2011年11月, MATERIALS LETTERS, 65 (21-22), 3251 - 3253, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Alok Singh, H. Somekawa, T. Mukai

    A process to obtain high strength in a Mg-Zn-Y alloy containing quasicrystalline phase is described. The process involves solutionizing at a high temperature, precipitation of the quasicrystal phase during extrusion, followed by ageing. Tensile yield strengths of over 350 MPa are obtained with grain sizes of 14-20 mu m. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, 2011年08月, MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, 528 (21), 6647 - 6651, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Hidetoshi Somekawa, Tadanobu Inoue, Alok Singh, Toshiji Mukai

    The deformation mechanism in the crack-tip region of a fine-grained Mg-2.4 at. pct Zn binary alloy was investigated by focused ion beam (FIB) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) observation and finite element analysis (FEA) at the beginning of the fracture toughness test. The deformed microstructure observations showed the formation of subgrains instead of deformation twins in the fracture toughness tested sample, which was performed at a conventional crosshead speed of 1 mm/min. By preventing the formation of deformation twins at the beginning of the test, the crack tip of the fine-grained magnesium alloys became blunted, and thus, the alloys obtained high fracture toughness. Finite element results showed that the temperature increased 50 to 110 K, and the strain rate became two orders of magnitude higher; however, this temperature increment was not sufficient to form high-angle grain boundaries, i.e., a complete occurrence of dynamic recrystallization. On the other hand, the deformed microstructure observations in the sample, which was tested at a crosshead speed of 50 mm/min, showed the formation of nano-order {10-12} deformation twins and subgrains. The formation of deformation twins was caused, in part, by the severe strain from the operation of a high strain rate in the crack-tip region.

    SPRINGER, 2011年08月, METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A-PHYSICAL METALLURGY AND MATERIALS SCIENCE, 42A (8), 2475 - 2480, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Hidetoshi Somekawa, Yoshiaki Osawa, Alok Singh, Toshiji Mukai

    Four kinds of Mg-x mass%Zn-y mass%Al (x = 6, 8, 10, 12 and y = 3, 4, 5, 6) alloys, each with a grain size of 2 similar to 3 gm and containing quasicrystal phase particles, were successfully produced by casting and extrusion. These rare-earth free wrought processed magnesium alloys showed a reduction in mechanical asymmetry and a weak basal texture. Although the yield strength improved, the elongation decreased with increasing volume fraction of quasicrystal phase particle. The decrease in ductility was related to the existence of coarse quasicrystal phase particles. The strength was affected by the interface strength mechanism; however, the coherency strain in the quasicrystal phase was smaller than that in the conventional phase, due to the strong matching between the matrix and the quasicrystal phase. [doi: 10.2320/matertrans.MC201014]

    JAPAN INST METALS, 2011年06月, MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS, 52 (6), 1111 - 1115, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Alok Singh, Yoshiaki Osawa, H. Somekawa, T. Mukai

    Very fine grain sizes up to similar to 1 mu m with yield strengths up to about 400 MPa in tension and compression, with elongations ranging from 12% to 18%, have been achieved by chill casting and direct extrusion of Mg(93)Zn(6)Y alloy containing a quasicrystalline phase. These alloys respond to ageing at 150 degrees C, showing two peaks. The hardness stabilizes at the level of the second peak. The effect of precipitation on the yield strength, ductility and yield asymmetry has been studied. (C) 2010 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2011年04月, SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 64 (7), 661 - 664, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Alok Singh, J. M. Rosalie, H. Somekawa, T. Mukai

    The orthorhombic phi-Al5Mg11Zn4 phase is known to be related to quasicrystalline phases, but the exact relationship has not been shown yet. In this study, the relationship of this phase to the icosahedral quasicrystalline phase is explored through analysis of the electron diffraction patterns. It is shown that icosahedral coordinations in three orientations occur in the unit cell - one with three mutually perpendicular twofold axes along (100) of the unit cell, and two with a twofold axis along [100] and a fivefold along [001]. In this, this phase is similar to aluminum and zinc based hexagonal phases which are related to quasicrystals. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, 2011年04月, JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, 509 (14), 4676 - 4681, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • STRENGTHENING MG-AL-ZN ALLOY BY REPETITIVE OBLIQUE SHEAR STRAIN

    Toshiji Mukai, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Alok Singh, Tadanobu Inoue

    Grain refinement is one of the possible ways to enhance the strength of magnesium without losing the ductility and/or toughness. In this study, severe plastic working by caliber rolling has been demonstrated to refine the grain structure of a commercial AZ31 Mg-Al-Zn alloy at a commercial processing speed. As a result, ultra-fine-grain structure with sub-grains in a sub-micro-meter scale was obtained. A simultaneous operation of oblique shear strain weakened the basal texture compared to that of the initial as-extruded alloy, and resulted in tensile ductility comparable to that of the commercially extruded alloy, and showed a higher asymmetry ratio of yield stress in compression/tension than that of the as-extruded alloy.

    JOHN WILEY & SONS, 2011年, MAGNESIUM TECHNOLOGY 2011, 211 - 214, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Julian M. Rosalie, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Alok Singh, Toshiji Mukai

    Intermetallic precipitates formed in heat-treated and aged Mg-Zn and Mg-Zn-Y alloys have been investigated via electron microscopy. Coarse spheroidal precipitates formed on deformation twin boundaries contained domains belonging to either the MgZn2 hexagonal Laves phase or the monoclinic Mg4Zn7 phase. Both phases are structurally related to the quasi-crystalline phase formed in Mg-Zn-Y alloys, containing icosahedrally coordinated zinc atoms arranged as a series of broad rhombohedral units. This rhombohedral arrangement was also visible in intragranular precipitates where local regions with the structures of hexagonal MgZn2 and Mg4Zn7 were found. The orientation adopted by the MgZn2 and Mg4Zn7 phases in twin-boundary and intragranular precipitates was such that the icosahedral clusters were aligned similarly. These results highlight the close structural similarities between the precipitates of the Mg-Zn-Y alloy system.

    TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2011年, PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE, 91 (19-21), 2634 - 2644, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • IMPROVED PROCESSING OF Mg-Zn-Y ALLOYS CONTAINING QUASICRYSTAL PHASE FOR ISOTROPIC HIGH STRENGTH AND DUCTILITY

    Alok Singh, Y. Osawa, H. Somekawa, T. Mukai

    The stable quasicrystal phase in Mg-Zn-Y alloys has been proved to be beneficial for strength and ductility and has also been shown to impart high fracture toughness. However, the strength of these alloys has been limited to 300MPa with an average grain size of about 1 mu m. We show here a simple procedure in which a Mg93Zn6Y alloy was chilled cast and then extruded. Yield strengths of up to 400 MPa in tension and compression, accompanied by ductility of similar to 14% were obtained with grain of size of about 1 mu m. Compression to tension yield anisotropy ratios were in the narrow range of 0.95 to 1.03. These alloys also showed ageing response with two peaks. The effect of precipitation ageing on the mechanical properties has been studied.

    JOHN WILEY & SONS, 2011年, MAGNESIUM TECHNOLOGY 2011, pp.239-244., 239 - 244, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • FRACTURE MECHANISM AND TOUGHNESS IN FINE- AND COARSE-GRAINED MAGNESIUM ALLOYS

    Hidetoshi Somekawa, Alok Singh, Toshiji Mukai

    The fracture mechanisms in the extruded magnesium alloys with two different grain sizes, 2 and 50 mu m, were investigated by SEM, TEM and EBSD microstructural observations. The coarse-grained alloy showed that the {10-12} type deformation twins formed at the beginning of test, and the crack was propagated into the boundaries between twins and matrix. On the other hand, the fine-grained alloy showed that the sub-grain boundaries formed instead of the deformation twins. No formation of twins at the early deformation stage causes a crack-tip blunting, and thus, the fracture toughness has a high value.

    JOHN WILEY & SONS, 2011年, MAGNESIUM TECHNOLOGY 2011, pp.25-28., 25 - 28, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • H. Watanabe, M. Fukusumi, H. Somekawa, T. Mukai

    The texture and tensile properties at room temperature of a fine-grained Mg-Al-Zn alloy rod processed by extrusion were examined before and after superplastic deformation. The tensile properties at room temperature were influenced by the high-temperature deformation conditions. The specimen after being exposed to superplastic deformation under tension tend to show higher ductility and lower strength at room temperature as the strain rate during high-temperature deformation decreased or as deformation temperature increased. The pre-existing basal texture of the rod slightly weakened after superplastic deformation. However, the texture weakening in the rod was not significant compared with that observed in the counterpart alloy in sheet-form probably because the initial distribution of basal planes differs between them. It is suggested that the rotation of crystallographic orientation induced by slip accommodation for grain boundary sliding plays an important role in texture randomization in superplastic magnesium alloys. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, 2010年09月, MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, 527 (23), 6350 - 6358, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Hidetoshi Somekawa, Alok Singh, Tadanobu Inoue, Toshiji Mukai

    The effect of the low angle grain boundary structure on the mechanical properties and deformation behavior was investigated using Mg-Al-Zn alloys, which were produced by caliber rolling. The {10-12} deformation twins were formed at the head of the crack-tip during fracture toughness even in the fine-grained structures; however, the present caliber rolled alloys showed high strength and fracture toughness balance that resulted from the high fraction of low-angle grain boundaries, which did not become the origin of the micro-void formation.

    WILEY-BLACKWELL, 2010年09月, ADVANCED ENGINEERING MATERIALS, 12 (9), 837 - 842, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Hidetoshi Somekawa, Tadanobu Inoue, Toshiji Mukai

    The effects of microstructural factors, i.e., grain size and texture, on the deformation behavior near the crack-tip region during the fracture toughness test were investigated using wrought Mg-3 wt.%Al-1 wt.%Zn alloys, which were produced by extrusion or equal-channel-angular extrusion (ECAE). The stress distributions related to deformation twins were predicted by finite element analysis (FEA), and the microstructural evolutions were confirmed by experiment. Deformation twins were formed at the beginning of the fracture toughness test due to the creation of a large stress field near the crack-tip region. The formation region of deformation twins became small with grain refinement due to the changes in the dominant plastic deformation mechanisms. The results from microstructure observations showed similarities to the stress distribution, which used simple stress-strain relations that assumed a mechanical asymmetry following the Hill's potential function. The texture, i.e., basal plane distribution, also affected the formation of deformation twins. The formation region of deformation twins in the ECAE-ed alloy was predicted to be smaller than that in the extruded alloy by FEA, and this tendency was very similar to that in the microstructural observations of the deformed samples. These results can be used to predict the macroscopic deformation features near the crack-tip, and could be helpful for developing magnesium alloys with high performance mechanical properties. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, 2010年03月, MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, 527 (7-8), 1761 - 1768, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Toshiji Mukai

    2010年02月, Zairyo/Journal of the Society of Materials Science, Japan, 59 (2), 98 - 103, 日本語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Toshiji Mukai, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Tadanobu Inoue, Alok Singh

    Grain refinement of an Mg-3Al-1Zn-0.2Mn (wt.%) alloy was conducted by severe plastic working with caliber rolling. The alloy's yield strength was increased to more than 400 MPa, which is twice that of an initially extruded alloy, and its yield asymmetry in compression against tension was reduced by the weakened basal texture caused by the shear deformation. (C) 2009 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2010年01月, SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 62 (2), 113 - 116, 英語, 国際誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Hidetoshi Somekawa, Toshiji Mukai

    Nanoindentation creep tests were performed at the grain boundary and grain interior in pure magnesium. The grain boundary showed a high strain rate sensitivity exponent and was dominated by grain boundary sliding due to the high diffusion rate at the grain boundary. The grain boundary affected the deformation behavior of the area at a distance of 2 mu m into the grain interior. On the other hand, the grain interior had a low strain rate sensitivity exponent, because its matrix was too large to be influenced by the grain boundary. The deformation mechanism in the grain interior was determined to be dislocation slip.

    TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2010年, PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE LETTERS, 90 (12), 883 - 890, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Hidetoshi Somekawa, Alok Singh, Toshiji Mukai

    Superplastic behavior was investigated using an extruded Mg-Zn-Y alloy with the dispersion of the quasicrystal phase particle in fine-grained matrix. Tensile tests showed that the low temperature superplasticity was behaved at a temperature of 473 K and maximum elongation was 462 % at 573 K in 1 x 10(-5) s(-1). The deformed microstructure observation showed that the dominant deformation process was grain boundary sliding. The present alloy also demonstrated a high possibility for secondary forming, such as superplastic forge forming. Furthermore, the forged alloy had a homogeneous microstructures, no mechanical anisotropy and uniform micro-hardness properties in any portion of a forged product.

    TRANS TECH PUBLICATIONS LTD, 2010年, SUPERPLASTICITY IN ADVANCED MATERIALS, 433, 291 - 295, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Structural relationships between monoclinic and Laves phase precipitates in Mg-Zn-Y alloys.

    Julian M. Rosalie, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Alok Singh, Toshiji Mukai

    Heat-treated Mg-Zn and Mg-Zn-Y alloys form two binary phase intermediate precipitates; a monoclinic structure based on Mg(4)Zn(7) and a hexagonal Laves phase based on MgZn(2). Both phases precipitate along deformation twin boundaries in aged Mg-Zn-Y alloys. High resolution TEM studies determined that the two phases frequently co-exist within individual precipitates. Particles were comprised of distinct domains of a specifically-oriented region of either phase. The interface region between monoclinic and Laves phase also had a monoclinic structure similar to that of Mg(4)Zn(7) but with an enlarged unit cell. This region retains the acute rhomboidal (AR) arrangement of pentagonally co-ordinated zinc atoms common to both Mg(4)Zn(7) and MgZn(2) structures.

    MINERALS, METALS & MATERIALS SOC, 2010年, MAGNESIUM TECHNOLOGY 2010, 347 - 351, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Structure of beta(1)' precipitates in Mg-Zn based alloys: Co-existence of MgZn(2) and Mg(4)Zn(7) phases

    Alok Singh, J. M. Rosalie, H. Somekawa, T. Mukai

    Although the the rod-like beta(1)' precipitate is among the most important in magnesium alloys, its crystal structure is not yet clear. Its structure has been believed to be based on the Lave's phase MgZn(2), but recently reported to be of monoclinic Mg(4)Zn(7) phase. We have studied the structure of these precipitates by high resolution TEM in a Mg-Zn-Y alloy. It was found that domains of Mg(4)Zn(7) phase coexist with Laves phase MgZn(2) within the precipitates. Structural units of the Mg(4)Zn(7) phase characterized by icosahedral coordination rearrange to form the MgZn(2) structure with the orientation relationship with the matrix reported earlier. The crystallographic relationship between the phases is described. Axially, these phases are related to each other and the matrix as [1 (2) over bar 10](Mgzn2) parallel to [010](Mg4Zn7) parallel to [0001](Mg).

    MINERALS, METALS & MATERIALS SOC, 2010年, MAGNESIUM TECHNOLOGY 2010, 323 - 327, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Hidetoshi Somekawa, Kiyomi Nakajima, Alok Singh, Toshiji Mukai

    The ductile fracture mechanism in a fine-grained magnesium alloy has been investigated by transmission electron microscopy-focused ion beam techniques. In coarse-grained or conventional magnesium alloys, twins form at the very beginning of the deformation process, and crack propagation occurs through the twin boundaries. However, in the alloy used in this study, subgrain structures were found instead of twins at the crack tip. Nanoscale twins formed subsequently owing to large stress in the crack propagation route. The fine-grained alloys showed high fracture toughness resulting from resistance to the twins at the beginning of the deformation.

    TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2010年, PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE LETTERS, 90 (11), 831 - 839, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • A. Singh, J.M. Rosalie, H. Somekawa, T. Mukai

    It is shown here by high-resolution electron microscopy that the structure of rod-like beta(1)' precipitates perpendicular to the basal planes of the magnesium matrix in Mg-Zn-Y alloys consist of complex domains at nanoscale. These domains can be recognized to be those of monoclinic Mg4Zn7 phase and hexagonal Laves phase MgZn2 with axial orientations [1(2)over-bar10](MgZn2)parallel to[010](Mg4Zn7)parallel to[0001](Mg). Due to disorder, often complete unit cells of the Mg4Zn7 structure cannot be recognized. Inside a domain of Mg4Zn7, the structure may locally transform to that of MgZn2. The structure of both the phases are composed of similar units of icosahedral coordinations. Maintaining the above axial orientation, the Mg4Zn7 can exhibit two orientation relationships with the matrix, (802)(Mg4Zn7)parallel to{10(1)over-bar0}(Mg) or (603)(Mg4Zn7)parallel to{10(1)over-bar0}(Mg). The hexagonal MgZn2 forms in the monoclinic Mg4Zn7 in two different orientations, related to rhombic units (with angle similar to 72 degrees) in the Mg4Zn7 unit cell. With the common axial relationship given above, these two orientation relationships can be given as (0001)(MgZn2)parallel to(120(1)over-bar)(Mg4Zn7) or (0001)(MgZn2)parallel to(206)(Mg4Zn7). One of these two variants forms a known orientation relationship [11(2)over-bar0](MgZn2)parallel to[0001](Mg), (0001)(MgZn2)parallel to{11(2)over-bar0}(Mg) with the matrix. The structure of the MgZn2 was found to be modified by the ordering of zinc layers perpendicular to the hexagonal axis.

    TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2010年, Philosophical Magazine Letters, 90 (9), 641 - 651, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Julian M. Rosalie, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Alok Singh, Toshiji Mukai

    Isothermal ageing of plastically deformed Mg-Zn-Y alloys resulted in precipitation along [image omitted] twin boundaries. The bulky precipitates so formed had structures similar to those recently reported for the rod-like [image omitted] precipitates, but afforded a more detailed study by high-resolution TEM due to their larger size. The core of the precipitates often had the structure of the monoclinic Mg4Zn7 phase, and had the orientation [image omitted]; [image omitted] with either the matrix or the twin. On this Mg4Zn7 phase, the hexagonal MgZn2 phase grew in two orientations, both with [image omitted]. One of these orientations formed a known orientation relationship [image omitted]; [image omitted] with the matrix. The part of the precipitate with the MgZn2 structure was usually in direct contact with the twin boundary. Both the Mg4Zn7 and MgZn2 phases have layered structures that can be described with similar building blocks of icosahedrally coordinated atoms. The atomic positions of zinc atoms comprise the vertices of these icosahedra and form 'thick' rhombic tiles. The orientations of these rhombuses remain unchanged across the interfaces between the two phases. Near the interface with MgZn2, transition structures formed in the Mg4Zn7 phase, with the Zn:Mg atom ratio between those of the Mg4Zn7 and MgZn2 phases. In these transition structures, the unit cell of the Mg4Zn7 phase is extended along [100] or [001] by half a unit cell length by continuation of the rhombic tiling. Structures of these extended unit cells are proposed.

    TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2010年, PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE, 90 (24), 3355 - 3374, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Hidetoshi Somekawa, Toshiji Mukai

    The microstructure evolutions and texture changes during the compression test were investigated using an extruded magnesium alloy with average grain sizes of 11.4 and 49.6 mu m. The deformation twins were formed in all the samples; however, a comparison of the fraction of deformation twins on the effect of grain size and initial texture, i.e., the cutting position (normal or parallel to the extrusion), showed that the fine-grained alloy and/or the sample with the normal-cut to the extrusion had a lower fraction of deformation twins. On the other hand, the texture change showed different tendencies depending on the grain size and/or the initial texture. In the coarse-grained alloy, since the dominant deformation mechanism was the deformation twins, the lattice was rotated without relation to the initial texture. However, in the fine-grained alloy, even the applied strain of 0.20, the intensity peaks existed at < 1010 > and the basal texture remained in the sample with the parallel- and normal-cut to the extrusion, respectively. This resulted from the difference in the fraction of deformation twins and the occurrence of partial grain boundary sliding. (c) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, 2009年12月, MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, 527 (1-2), 370 - 375, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • H. Watanabe, M. Fukusumi, H. Somekawa, T. Mukai

    The texture and tensile properties of a fine-grained Mg-Al-Zn alloy sheet at room temperature prior to and following superplastic deformation were examined. The pre-existing basal texture of the sheet drastically weakened after superplastic deformation, and thus the geometric conditions for basal slip, characterized by the Schmid factor distributions, became more favorable. Consequently, relatively high ductility was maintained after superplastic deformation in spite of cavity formation. (C) 2009 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2009年11月, SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 61 (9), 883 - 886, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • C. M. Cady, G. T. Gray, C. Liu, M. L. Lovato, T. Mukai

    The compressive constitutive behavior of a closed-cell aluminum foam (ALPORAS) manufactured by Shinko Wire Co. in Japan was evaluated under static and dynamic loading conditions as a function of temperature. High-strain-rate tests (1000-2000 s(-1)) were conducted using a split-Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB). Quasi-static and intermediate-strain-rate tests were conducted on a hydraulic load frame. A small but discernable change in the flow stress behavior as a function of strain rate was measured. The deformation behavior of the Al-foam was however found to be strongly temperature dependent under both quasi-static and dynamic loading. Localized deformation and stress state instability during testing of metal foams is discussed in detail since the mechanical behavior over the entire range of strain rates indicates non-uniform deformation. Additionally, investigation of the effect of residual stresses created during manufacturing on the mechanical behavior was investigated. (C) 2009 Published by Elsevier B.V.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, 2009年11月, MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, 525 (1-2), 1 - 6, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • 生体吸収性マグネシウム合金の生体内分解挙動観察

    山本 玲子, 白井 暢子, 清水 良央, 向井 敏司

    日本バイオマテリアル学会, 2009年11月, 日本バイオマテリアル学会大会予稿集, 31回, 125 - 125, 日本語

  • Hidetoshi Somekawa, Alok Singh, Toshiji Mukai

    WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH, 2009年10月, ADVANCED ENGINEERING MATERIALS, 11 (10), 782 - 787, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Hidetoshi Somekawa, Yoshiaki Osawa, Alok Singh, Toshiji Mukai

    Quasicrystal and related phase particles were successfully dispersed in wrought-processed Mg-7.6 wt.% Zn-3.9 wt.% Al alloy with homogeneous and fine-grained structures. This rare-earth-free alloy showed high strength and ductility balance, which was superior to that of the well-known quasicrystal phase dispersed in Mg-Zn-RE alloys, with a weak texture and a reduction of mechanical asymmetry in yield strength. (C) 2009 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2009年10月, SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 61 (7), 705 - 708, 英語, 国際誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Tadanobu Inoue, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Toshiji Mukai

    WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH, 2009年08月, ADVANCED ENGINEERING MATERIALS, 11 (8), 654 - 658, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • C. L. Wang, T. Mukai, T. G. Nieh

    Nanoindentation creep and uniaxial tension were conducted on pure Mg with a grain size of about 2 mu m at room temperature and the data were directly compared. Despite the differences in stress state, the two sets of data were found to match remarkably well with each other. An apparent stress exponent value of 4 was obtained and the deformation mechanism was discussed in light of dislocation slips and twinning in anisotropic Mg.

    MATERIALS RESEARCH SOC, 2009年05月, JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH, 24 (5), 1615 - 1618, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Hidetoshi Somekawa, Alok Singh, Toshiji Mukai

    The microstructure evolution of Mg 2.4 at.% Zn binary alloy was examined during extrusion at low temperature. Fine-grained structure were formed near the grain boundary due to dynamic recrystallization. Rod-shaped precipitates were also formed before the extrusion and were elongated and/or torn off by the strain; the precipitate morphology changed from rods to spherical. The spherical precipitates pin the dislocations they are the nucleation site for new grains and promote recrystallization. (c) 2008 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2009年03月, SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 60 (6), 411 - 414, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Sergey Mironov, Yoshinobu Motohashi, Rustam Kaibyshev, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Toshiji Mukai, Kaneaki Tsuzaki

    A fine-grained microstructure average grain size of which is around 2 pin was developed in ZK60A magnesium alloy subjected to a FSW process. Material flow arose mainly from basal slips and was governed by simple shear deformations caused by the tool rotation. The development of the fine-grained structure was a complex process driven by severe plastic deformations, formation of deformation bands, grain splitting, twinning and dynamic and/or static recrystallizations. It appears also that the microstructural evolution depended on morphology of fine dispersoids. [doi:10.2320/matertrans.MRA2008192]

    JAPAN INST METALS, 2009年03月, MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS, 50 (3), 610 - 617, 英語, 国際誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Y. M. Chen, T. Ohkubo, T. Mukai, K. Hono

    The atomic structure of shear hands in Pd40Ni40P20 bulk metallic glass has been compared to all undeformed matrix phase using pair distribution functions (PDFs) derived from energy filtered nanobeam electron diffraction. Shear bands do not show any characteristic contrast in transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images when specimens are prepared with uniform thickness. PDFs from a shear hand exhibit a slight decrease in the first peak, indicating a slight difference in packing density and short range order compared to the undeformed matrix.

    CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS, 2009年01月, JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH, 24 (1), 1 - 9, 英語, 国際誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Hiroshi Utsunomiya, Ken-Ichi Izumi, Tetsuo Sakai, Toshiji Mukai

    Applications of ARB to magnesium alloys were limited due to low deformability. The authors recently found that the rollability of the alloys is significantly improved in highspeed rolling. It is supposed that the severe plastic deformation of magnesium alloy sheets is feasible if rolling in ARB processes is conducted at high speed. In this study, AZ31B and ZK60A sheets are processed by ARB up to five cycles at 423K with a speed of 1000m/min. Vickers hardness increases with increasing number of ARB cycles, while the tensile strength shows the maximum after the second cycle. The grain size is reduced significantly at the first cycle and decreases gradually from the second cycle. The mean grain sizes after five cycles are 1.6μm for AZ31B and 1.8μm for ZK60A. It is concluded that ARB using high-speed rolling is effective for grain refinement of magnesium alloys. © 2009 IOP Publishing Ltd.

    Institute of Physics Publishing, 2009年, Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 165, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Directionally controlled precipitation on twin-boundaries in Mg-Zn-Y alloys.

    Julian M. Rosalie, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Alok Singh, Toshiji Mukai

    Precipitation strengthening in Mg-Zn-Y alloys occurs via the formation of a fine dispersion of beta(1)' (Mg(4)Zn(7)) rods aligned parallel to the hexagonal axis. In this study, texture and controlled deformation have been used to control the directionality and morphology of the precipitates and their effect on the ageing response. The resulting precipitates were studied via conventional and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. Texture was developed through extrusion at 300 degrees C, followed by controlled room-temperature deformation to generate microstructures where yield occurred either with, or without, twinning. The ageing response was monitored using hardness testing. Both compressive and tensile deformation accelerated the ageing response. Compression parallel to the extrusion axis generated a high volume fraction of twins. Precipitates on the twin boundaries assumed a low aspect-ratio morphology different from the usual high-aspect ratio rods.

    MINERALS, METALS & MATERIALS SOC, 2009年, MAGNESIUM TECHNOLOGY 2009, 445 - 450, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • H. Somekawa, A. Singh, T. Mukai

    The fracture mechanism during fracture toughness testing has been investigated on a coarse-grained magnesium alloy, with an average grain size of 50 m, and a low fracture toughness. The results show that {1012}-type deformation twins are formed at the crack tip and many dislocations pile up on these boundaries. The accumulated strains at these boundaries become the origin of fracture; i.e. cracks propagate along these boundaries between the deformation twins and the matrix.

    TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2009年, PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE LETTERS, 89 (1), 2 - 10, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Junpei Kobata, Yorinobu Takigawa, Toshiji Mukai, Tokuteru Uesugi, Hiroshi Tsuda, Hisamichi Kimura, Kenji Higashi

    The compressive deformation behavior of BMG matrix composites processed by controlled annealing in supercooled liquid region was investigated. The compressive strength decreased with increasing of volume fraction of crystalline phase. From the results of the compressive deformation and microstructure observation in annealed samples in different volume fraction of crystalline phase, the ductile-brittle fracture transition is related to the formation of grain boundary between crystalline particles. It is considered the brittle transition in BMG matrix composites with increasing of volume fraction of crystalline phase is attributed to the fracture originated in the grain boundary and interface between amorphous phase and crystalline phase.

    2008年12月01日, Progress of Composites 2008 in Asia and Australasia - Proceedings of the 6th Asian-Australasian Conference on Composite Materials, ACCM 2008, 213 - 214

  • Sachiko Hiromoto, Akiko Yamamoto, Norio Maruyama, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Toshiji Mukai

    The influence of pH and flow on the polarisation and impedance behaviour of pure Mg was investigated in 0.6 wt% NaCl borate buffer solutions at pH 6.7, 7.6, and 9.3 using a rotating electrode. The existence of flow prevented the accumulation of the corrosion product and promoted uniform corrosion, leading to an increase of the anodic current density and a decrease of the impedance regardless of the pH of the bulk solution. The influence of the pH did not obviously appear under the static condition, whereas, under the dynamic condition, the anodic current density at pH 6.7 and 7.6 was higher than that at pH 9.3. This result suggests that pH near the surface can be buffered at the pH of bulk solution by borate buffer with the acceleration of ion diffusion. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2008年12月, CORROSION SCIENCE, 50 (12), 3561 - 3568, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Sachiko Hiromoto, Tamao Shishido, Akiko Yamamoto, Norio Maruyama, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Toshiji Mukai

    Calcium phosphate precipitated on pure magnesium from artificial plasma (modified Hanks' solution) was varied by anodization and autoclaving, aiming the control of corrosion rate of bioabsorbable magnesium. Rough and smooth anodized film was formed depending on anodizing voltage in 1 N NaOH. The amount of calcium phosphate precipitated on the porous film was 2-3 times larger than that on the smooth film. The Ca/P ratio on the porous film was slightly higher than that on the smooth film. The autoclaving did not significantly influence the morphology of anodized film; however, the precipitation of calcium phosphate was restricted. No significant local corrosion occurred after the immersion in modified Hanks' solution. It is demonstrated that the precipitation of calcium phosphate on magnesium can be controlled by anodization and autoclaving. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2008年10月, CORROSION SCIENCE, 50 (10), 2906 - 2913, 英語, 国際誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • H. Watanabe, T. Mukai, K. Higashi

    The parametric dependencies of threshold stress for superplastic flow were characterized over a wide range of temperatures using a fine-grained magnesium alloy with various grain sizes. The threshold stress was proportional to the reciprocal of the square root of the grain size at 473 K, whereas it was independent of the grain size at 598 K. The threshold stress decreased with increasing deformation temperature more quickly than the shear modulus did. It was suggested that the temperature dependence of the threshold stress is associated with the interaction between the solute atoms and dislocations. The origin of the threshold stress probably resulted from the dislocations breaking away from the solute atmospheres formed in the grain boundaries and in the lattice at low temperatures and at high temperatures, respectively.

    SPRINGER, 2008年10月, METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A-PHYSICAL METALLURGY AND MATERIALS SCIENCE, 39A (10), 2351 - 2362, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Hidetoshi Somekawa, Alok Singh, Yoshiaki Osawa, Toshiji Mukai

    Six kinds of Mg-2.5 at%Zn-0.5 at%RE (RE: rare earth element, Y, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho and Er) alloys with grain size of 1 similar to 2 mu m and containing a quasicrystalline icosahedral phase were prepared by casting and extrusion. These alloys had high strength and high fracture toughness balances, due to the synergetic effect of grain refinement and the dispersion of quasicrystalline phase particles. Microstructural observations showed a ductile fracture pattern. and that the origin of void nucleation was not the quasicrystalline phase particles but the conventional precipitates and the W-phase particles, because of the difference in the interface structure between the matrix and the particles. [doi: 10.2320/matertrans.MAW200804]

    JAPAN INST METALS, 2008年09月, MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS, 49 (9), 1947 - 1952, 英語, 国内誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • 生体吸収性マグネシウム合金の生体内動態に関する研究

    清水 良央, 山本 玲子, 向井 敏司, 白井 暢子, 狩野 充浩, 岡山 啓昌, 工藤 忠明, 金高 弘恭, 菊地 正嘉

    (一社)歯科基礎医学会, 2008年09月, Journal of Oral Biosciences, 50 (Suppl.), 125 - 125, 英語

  • Xinbao Liu, Yoshiaki Osawa, Susumu Takamori, Toshiji Mukai

    Ultrasonic vibration was introduced into the solidification of the AZ91 magnesium alloy. The coarse dendrite microstructure solidified in the AZ91 alloy without any ultrasonic vibration. However, the microstructure with fine uniform non-dendrite grains was achieved with ultrasonic vibration. According to the analysis of refinement mechanism, it indicated that due to the acoustic cavitation and flows induced by ultrasonic vibration, the most of insoluble impurity particles become active as nucleation centers and the temperature gradient near the solidification front increases, which led to the fine uniform microstructure. Besides, the AZ91 alloy produced with ultrasonic vibration exhibited the improved mechanical properties at room temperature, such as compressive yield strength (94 MPa), ultimate compressive strength (376 MPa) and fracture strain (22.0%). (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, 2008年07月, MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, 487 (1-2), 120 - 123, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Sachiko Hiromoto, Akiko Yamamoto, Norio Maruyama, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Toshiji Mukai

    Magnesium and its alloys are potential candidates for bioabsorbable stents. The degradation rate of an indwelled magnesium stent is expected to be controlled under a blood flow. The influence of the controlled flow on the polarization and impedance behavior of pure Mg was thus investigated in a 0.6 mass% NaCl solution using a rotating electrode. The existence of a flow caused an increase in the anodic current density as well as a decrease in the impedance for a few hours of immersion, indicating the acceleration of Mg dissolution and the retardation of the growth of the surface hydroxide film. Interestingly, the existence of a flow retarded the breakdown of the surface film. After the surface film was broken down, the impedance did not depend on the rotation speed. To precisely evaluate the degradation rate of magnesium and its alloys for use in stents, the flow rate of the test solution should be controlled.

    JAPAN INST METALS, 2008年06月, MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS, 49 (6), 1456 - 1461, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Xinbao Liu, Yoshiaki Osawa, Susumu Takamori, Toshiji Mukai

    Ultrasonic vibration was introduced into the solidification of AZ91 alloy. Various microstructures were produced in this alloy using ultrasonic vibrations at different temperatures of the melt. The coarse dendrite microstructures were obtained with ultrasonic vibrations at temperatures below the liquidus temperature. The fine uniform grains were achieved under ultrasonic vibrations during the nucleation stage, which was mainly attributed to the cavitation and the acoustic flow induced by the ultrasonic vibration. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, 2008年06月, MATERIALS LETTERS, 62 (17-18), 2872 - 2875, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • B. Srinivasarao, K. Oh-ishi, T. Ohkubo, T. Mukai, K. Hono

    Nanocrystalline iron synthesized by mechanical alloying and spark plasma sintering exhibited high yield and ultimate compressive strengths of 2.59 and 3.08 GPa, respectively, with a total true strain of 0.05. Partial recrystallization led to a true strain of 0.4 with a lower strength of 2.25 GPa. A bimodal grain size distribution consisting of average fine grains of 2.5 mu m and nanograins of 85 run is attributed to the combined high strength and large plastic strain. (C) 2007 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2008年05月, SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 58 (9), 759 - 762, 英語, 国際誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Yoshiaki Osawa, Xinbao Liu, Susumu Takamori, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Toshiji Mukai

    An AZ91 alloy pretreated by ultrasonic vibration (UV) was subjected to extrusion to refine the microstructure. The results indicated that the UV pretreatment had a strong influence on the microstructure evolution and mechanical properties of the extruded AZ91 alloy. With UV pretreatment, a fine and uniform microstructure with an average grain size of 13.5 mu m was obtained, and the fraction of the fiber-like, partially-recrystallized, structure was markedly reduced. In addition to the superior mechanical properties such as a yield strength of 256 MPa, an ultimate tensile strength of 320 MPa and a fracture elongation of 9.7% were achieved in the extruded AZ91 alloy with UV pretreatment.

    JAPAN INST METALS, 2008年05月, MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS, 49 (5), 972 - 975, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Susumu Takamori, Yoshiaki Osawa, Takashi Kimura, Xinbao Liu, Toshiji Mukai

    Due to its light weight and abundance as a resource, the utilization of magnesium is increasing. AZ91 alloy is the most common cast magnesium alloy and is widely used as die-casting material. AZ91 is also used for sand mold casting. In sand mold casting, reaction with mold sand is expected because magnesium is a very reactive element. This study investigated the surface condition of AZ91 castings using sand mold. Higher pouring temperature promoted the reaction with silica sand, and the surface of castings became rough. Reacting with mold sand, Mg2Si and Mg and Al complex oxides were precipitated near the casting surface.

    JAPAN INST METALS, 2008年05月, MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS, 49 (5), 1089 - 1092, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Hidetoshi Somekawa, Yoshiaki Osawa, Alok Singh, Toshiji Mukai

    Four kinds of extruded Mg-X at.% Zn binary alloys (X = 1.9, 2.4, 3.0, and 3.4) were used to examine the effect of precipitate volume fraction on fracture toughness. All the alloys had fine grain sizes of 1-3 mu m and fine sphere-shaped precipitates of 50-60 nm. The volume fraction of precipitates increased with additional zinc content. The results of mechanical property tests showed that the extruded Mg-2.4 at.% Zn alloy exhibited the best balance of strength and fracture toughness. One of the reasons was the different volume fraction of precipitates at the grain boundaries, which was the source of void formation. According to the fracture surface observations and ductile fracture model analysis, the volume fraction of precipitates of 2%-4% was shown to be enough to improve the fracture toughness for the fine-grained magnesium alloys; i.e., higher contents of zinc atoms were not needed to enhance the mechanical properties.

    MATERIALS RESEARCH SOC, 2008年04月, JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH, 23 (4), 1128 - 1135, 英語, 国際誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Hidetoshi Somekawa, Norio Maruyama, Sachiko Hiromoto, Akiko Yamamoto, Toshiji Mukai

    Tensile, compression and fatigue tests were carried out on a commercially extruded Mg-Al-Zn alloy having an average grain size of about 15 pm. The tensile and compression tests at room temperature showed that the yield strength in tension was much higher than that in compression. The lower yield strength in compression resulted from its texture. The effects of the mechanical anisotropy on the fatigue behavior and its deformed microstructure were also investigated under a stress ratio of R = 0.1 and -1. The fatigue strength, stress amplitude, at N = 10(7) cycles under R = -1 and 0.1 was about 120 and 90 MPa, respectively. The mechanical properties and the deformed microstructure observations indicated that the formation of deformation twins was related to the between maximum stress and the yield strength in tension and compression: the deformation twins were formed in the sample (maximum stress is higher than the yield strength) and showed no deformation twins in the sample (maximum stress is lower than the yield strength).

    JAPAN INST METALS, 2008年03月, MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS, 49 (3), 681 - 684, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Fracture toughness in magnesium alloys by dispersion of quasicrystalline phase

    Hidetoshi Somekawa, Alok Singh, Toshiji Mukai

    The fracture toughness and its fracture mechanism were investigated by the extruded Mg-2.6at.%Zn-0.4at.%Y and Mg-2.6at.%Zn-0.4at.%Ho alloys. The both alloys had an average grain size of similar to 1 mu m and two kinds of particles, such as M-Zn delta-phase and quasicrystal line phase, in the matrix. The mechanical tests exhibited good balance of strength and fracture toughness. The fracture surface observations showed that the origin of dimple formation was not the quasicrystal line phase but the delta-phase. This was resulted from the specific structures: coherent interface between the matrix and quasicrystal phase.

    MINERALS, METALS & MATERIALS SOC, 2008年, MAGNESIUM TECHNOLOGY 2008, 317 - +, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Hidetoshi Somekawa, Toshiji Mukai

    Cavities were formed in the random boundaries of superplastic magnesium alloys due to higher boundary energy. The cavity growth rate of the fine-grained alloy (dominant diffusion process: grain boundary diffusion) was lower than that of the coarse-grained alloy (lattice diffusion) during superplastic flow. (c) 2007 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2007年12月, SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 57 (11), 1008 - 1011, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • K. Mondal, G. Kumar, T. Ohkubo, K. Oishi, T. Mukai, K. Hono

    Very high plastic strains exceeding 20% in uniaxial compression tests, which show an inflection in the stress-strain curves of Zr-based bulk metallic glasses, are shown to be a spurious effect due to mechanical interlocking of cracks with shear bands. This type of stress-strain behaviour is misinterpreted as an actual deformation in the literature. The effect of mechanical interlocking is explained by fractographic analysis.

    TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2007年09月, PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE LETTERS, 87 (9), 625 - 635, 英語, 国際誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Hidetoshi Somekawa, Han S. Kim, Alok Singh, Toshiji Mukai

    Fracture toughness and its deformed structures were investigated on a Mg-3AI-lZn (AZ31) alloy processed by direct extrusion. The average grain sizes of the alloy after extrusion at temperatures of 473 and 573 K were 4.0 and 14.5 mu m, respectively (i.e., fine-grained and coarse-grained alloys). The plane-strain fracture toughness, K-IC, as determined by stretched zone analysis in fine-grained and coarse-grained alloys was estimated to be 24.9 and 22.7 MPam(1/2), respectively. Microstructural observations of the fine-grained alloy after fracture toughness testing showed that non-basal slip and grain-boundary sliding was activated even at room temperature. In addition, the {10-12} deforrilation twins were observed despite the fine-grained Structures. However, the fraction of deformation twins was reduced with grain refinement. which related to the enhancement of fracture toughness with grain refinement.

    MATERIALS RESEARCH SOCIETY, 2007年09月, JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH, 22 (9), 2598 - 2607, 英語, 国際誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • T. T. Sasaki, T. Mukai, K. Hono

    A bulk nanocrystalline Al-5 at.% Fe alloy was synthesized by mechanical alloying and spark plasma sintering. The alloy exhibited a very high compressive yield strength of 1 GPa with a plastic strain of 0.3. The alloy consists of coarse alpha-Al grains that form from powder boundaries and nanocrystalline regions composed of alpha-Al and Al6Fe phases. The combination of the coarse and nanoscale grains are considered to be the reason for the large plastic strain in such a high-strength material. (c) 2007 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2007年08月, SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 57 (3), 189 - 192, 英語, 国際誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • G. Kumar, T. Ohkubo, T. Mukai, K. Hono

    A small variation in the composition of (Zr50Cu50)(100-x)Al-x bulk metallic glasses (BMGs) results in a markedly different mechanical behavior. In contrary to the previous reports, no chemical or structural inhomogeneities were observed in the sample that exhibits a large plastic strain, indicating that the plasticity of Zr-Cu-Al BMGs is not inherently related to their microstructural features. The shear bands in plastic Zr47.5Cu47.5Al5 show localized nanocrystallization whereas the macroscopically brittle Zr45Cu45Al10 shows no indications of nanocrystallization during deformation. (C) 2007 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2007年07月, SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 57 (2), 173 - 176, 英語, 国際誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Hidetoshi Somekawa, Alok Singh, Toshiji Mukai

    Fracture toughness was examined on a commercial M--Zn-Zr alloy, ZK60. The commercial alloy was extruded at a temperature of 493 K to obtain fine grain structures having fine spherical shaped precipitates. The microstructures consisted of equi-axed grains. The average grain size and the precipitate diameter were about 3 mu m and 25 similar to 50 mn, respectively. The yield strength and elongation-to-failure were 287 MPa and 26.7%, respectively. The plane-strain fracture toughness, K-IC, was estimated to be 34.8MPam(1/2) by the stretched zone analysis. These mechanical properties were superior to that of conventional wrought magnesium and magnesium alloys. The deformed microstructure observations showed i) the activation of non-basal dislocations even at room temperature and ii) the pinning of dislocations by the spherical shaped precipitates during the fracture toughness test. Thus, a combination of grain refinement and dispersion of fine spherical shaped precipitates were found to be effective methods for improving the fracture toughness of magnesium alloys.

    JAPAN INST METALS, 2007年06月, MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS, 48 (6), 1422 - 1426, 英語, 国内誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Hidetoshi Somekawa, Toshiji Mukai

    The mechanical properties were investigated by Mg-0.3 at.% Ca-1.8 at.% Zn alloy, which was produced by hot extrusion, having an average grain size of about 1 mu m and spherical precipitates in the matrix. The extruded alloy showed a good balance of the yield strength (sigma(ys) = 291 MPa) and plane-strain fracture toughness (K-IC = 28.3 MPa m(1/2)), obtained by the stretched zone analysis, which were higher than those of conventional wrought magnesium alloys. The microstructure control of both the grain refinement and the dispersion of precipitates in the matrix was a possible method for improvement of the mechanical properties in magnesium alloys. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, 2007年06月, MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, 459 (1-2), 366 - 370, 英語, 国際誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Hidetoshi Somekawa, Alok Singh, Toshiji Mukai

    The fracture toughness of an extruded Mg-2.6 at.% Zn-0.4 at.% Y alloy with a grain size of 1 mu m and containing quasicrystalline icosahedral phase was determined to be 32.5 MPa m(1/2), which is much higher than conventional wrought magnesium alloys. Microstructural observations showed that the quasicrystalline phase pinned many dislocation movements and prevented void nucleation because of its coherent interface with the matrix. (c) 2007 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2007年06月, SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 56 (12), 1091 - 1094, 英語, 国際誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • K. Mondal, T. Ohkubo, T. Mukai, K. Hono

    Quinary Zr-based alloy compositions with improved glass forming criteria have been sought and the glass forming ability (GFA), thermal stability and mechanical properties of these alloys have been investigated. Monolithic amorphous structure has been confirmed for all compositions in 5 mm rods prepared by a Cu-mold casting method. They also show large plastic strain maximum of about 12% under uniaxial compression test with yield stress of about 2000 MPa. The compressive plasticity of the cast rods was found to be influenced by the casting temperature to a great extent.

    JAPAN INST METALS, 2007年06月, MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS, 48 (6), 1322 - 1326, 英語, 国内誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Alok Singh, H. Somekawa, T. Mukai

    Two alloys, Mg96.9Zn2.7Ho0.4 and Mg93Zn6Ho, containing a quasicrystal phase were extruded at various temperatures to produce different grain sizes and tested at room temperature in tension and compression. For larger grains the strength of the Mg93Zn6Ho alloy was almost twice that of the Mg96.9Zn2.7Ho0.4 alloy. Yield stresses approached 300 MPa as the grain sizes decreased to 1 mu m. In the case of the Mg93Zn6Ho alloy, at grain sizes less than about 2 mu m, yield stresses in compression become higher than in tension. (C) 2007 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2007年06月, SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 56 (11), 935 - 938, 英語, 国際誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • T. Ohkubo, D. Nagahama, T. Mukai, K. Hono

    We have investigated the compression stress-strain behaviors of Ti40Zr25Cu12Ni3Be20 bulk metallic glasses prepared by Cu mold casting from various melt temperatures. Plastic strain was found to vary sensitively on the temperature of melts and subsequent annealing conditions. To understand the origin of the plasticity change, the microstructures were characterized using transmission electron microscopy and a laser-assisted three-dimensional atom probe. The fully amorphous sample cast from 1273 K showed 0.6% plastic strain, and it was enhanced to 1.3% after isothermal annealing at 573 K. The sample cast from 1423 K showed 3.0% plastic strain, from which the presence of nanocrystals with a volume fraction of about 12% was confirmed. The sample cast from a higher temperature (1573 K) contained a larger fraction of crystals, which showed limited plastic strain. The effect of the volume fraction of the nanocrystals on the plasticity of bulk metallic glasses is discussed based on the experimental results.

    MATERIALS RESEARCH SOCIETY, 2007年05月, JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH, 22 (5), 1406 - 1413, 英語, 国際誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Hidetoshi Somekawa, Alok Singh, Toshiji Mukai

    A commercial Mg-6 wt% Zn-0.5 wt% Zr (ZK60) alloy was used to investigate the effect of precipitate shapes on fracture toughness. The ZK60 alloy was extruded at a temperature of 653 K (extruded alloy). The extruded alloy was annealed at 633 K for 86.4 ks (annealed alloy), and then the annealed alloy was aged at 448 K for 100 ks (aged alloy). The average grain size in all the conditions was about the same, 13.5 +/- 1.0 mu m. The extruded and aged alloys had different shaped precipitates: spherical and rod shaped precipitates, respectively. The plane-strain fracture toughness K-IC of the extruded, annealed, and aged alloys were estimated to be 22.4, 20.2, and 21.0 MPam(1/2), respectively, by the stretched zone analysis. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) observations showed that the deformation during the fracture toughness test was dominated by a dislocations on the basal slip planes in all the conditions. Such dislocations are commonly activated in magnesium alloys during the tensile and compression tests. The spherical shaped precipitates were found to be more effective than the rod shaped precipitates for improving the fracture toughness in the magnesium alloy.

    MATERIALS RESEARCH SOCIETY, 2007年04月, JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH, 22 (4), 965 - 973, 英語, 国際誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • High strain rate deformation behavior of Mg-Al-Zn alloys at elevated temperatures

    H. Watanabe, K. Ishikawa, T. Mukai

    High temperature deformation behavior of AZ31 and AZ91 magnesium alloys was examined by compression tests over a wide strain rate range from 10(-3) to 10(3) s(-1) with emphasis on the behavior at high strain rates. The dominant deformation mechanism in the low strain rate range below 10(-1) s(-1) was suggested to be climb-controlled dislocation creep. On the other hand, experimental results indicated that the deformation at a high strain rate of similar to 10(3) s(-1) proceeds by conventional plastic flow of dislocation glide and twinning even at elevated temperatures. The solid-solution strengthening was operative for high temperature deformation at similar to 10(3) s(-1).

    TRANS TECH PUBLICATIONS LTD, 2007年, ENGINEERING PLASTICITY AND ITS APPLICATIONS FROM NANOSCALE TO MACROSCALE, PTS 1 AND 2, 340-341, 107 - +, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Hidetoshi Somekawa, Yoshiaki Osawa, Toshiji Mukai

    The fracture toughness in extruded Mg-Zn binary alloys with the same grain size and texture increased with higher solute concentration and was proportional to the one-third power of the concentration of zinc. This toughening was related to solid-solution strengthening. (c) 2006 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2006年10月, SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 55 (7), 593 - 596, 英語, 国際誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • H Somekawa, T Mukai

    The effect of texture on fracture toughness was investigated for a wrought AZ31 magnesium alloy, which was a commercial rolled plate having strong basal texture. The value of plane-strain fracture toughness, K-IC = 17.6-20.7 MPam(1/2), was obtained from the stretched zone (SZ) analysis. The value of K-IC varied with the distribution of basal texture; the sample having a pre-crack normal to rolled direction was the highest value of K-IC in all present samples. The crack-tip having parallel to the rolled direction was easily able to propagate and/or proceed with applied load. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, 2006年06月, JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, 417 (1-2), 209 - 213, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • 生体吸収性金属材料の疑似体液中での耐食性評価の試み

    廣本 祥子, 山本 玲子, 丸山 典夫, 向井 敏司, 染川 英俊

    ステントなどのデバイスは、周辺組織が修復された後には速やかに除去されるもしくは消失することが望ましい。そこで、生体内で分解・吸収される生体吸収性金属材料の開発が求められている。われわれの研究グループでは、低濃度の元素を添加した生体吸収性マグネシウム合金の開発を行っている。一方、生体内での金属材料の分解・吸収速度や安全性の評価法は確立されていない。そこで、生体外での簡便な分解速度の評価法として分極試験の適用を目指している。本研究では、これまでに開発した低濃度のAl、Y、Dyなどを含むマグネシウム二元合金を用い、溶液組成が合金の分極挙動に及ぼす影響について検討した。

    2006年05月01日, 材料と環境2006講演集, 291 - 294, 日本語

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • H. W. Zhang, R. Gopalan, T. Mukai, K. Hono

    2006年05月, Scripta Materialia, 54 (10), 1827 - 1828, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Hidetoshi Somekawa, Toshiji Mukai

    Examination of fracture toughness has been performed a commercial Mg-Zn-Zr alloy, ZK60, with fine strengthening particles. The commercial alloy was extruded at 633 K, and then heat treated at specific conditions. The microstructures were equi-axed grains. and average grain size and precipitate size were 11.6 mu m and 50-150 urn, respectively. The yield strength and elongation-to-failure were 225 MPa and 17.0%. The plane-strain fracture toughness, K-IC, was estimated to be 20.6 MPam(1/2) in stretched zone analysis. From ductile fracture model. all the finer particles did not affect the void formation. The precipitates having a large diameter, more than 100 urn, were supposed to be the origin of void formation.

    JAPAN INST METALS, 2006年04月, MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS, 47 (4), 995 - 998, 英語, 国内誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • H Somekawa, A Singh, T Mukai

    Fracture toughness and deformation structures have been investigated using an AZ31 magnesium alloy processed by equal-channel-angular extrusion (ECAE). The ECAE-processed alloy (as-ECAE) was annealed at 573 K for 24 h ( annealed-ECAE). The average grain sizes of as-ECAE and annealed-ECAE alloys were 4.0 and 16.3 mu m, respectively. The plane-strain fracture toughness K-IC, obtained by stretched-zone analysis in as-ECAE and annealed-ECAE, were estimated to be 27.3 and 23.5 MPa/m(1/2), respectively. From optical microstructural observations in samples after the fracture-toughness tests, deformation twins were observed in annealed-ECAE. No deformation twins were observed in as-ECAE. In addition, dislocations on basal planes, as well as on non-basal planes, were activated in as-ECAE. It is concluded that the enhancement of the fracture toughness in the fine-grain structure was related to a reduction of deformation twins and dislocation movement in non-basal planes.

    TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2006年03月, PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE LETTERS, 86 (3), 195 - 204, 英語, 国際誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • H Somekawa, T Mukai

    The fracture toughness in Mg-Al-Zn alloy was improved by the equal-channel-angular extrusion process. The improvement was the result of it large plastic zone size, which was sensitive to elongation-to-failure and,I high strain hardening exponent, created ahead of the fracture pre-crack, because of the modified distribution of the basal texture. (c) 2005 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2006年02月, SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 54 (4), 633 - 638, 英語, 国際誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • T Mukai, T Miyoshi, S Nakano, H Somekawa, K Higashi

    Compressive behavior of a closed-cell aluminium has been investigated at high strain rates, utilizing AZ31 magnesium alloy bars as compared to maraging steel bars, to estimate the validity of the mechanical response of the foam. Apparent strain rate sensitivity of plateau stress has been observed and strain hardening occurred during compression at the dynamic strain rate. (c) 2005 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2006年02月, SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 54 (4), 533 - 537, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Hiroyuki Watanabe, Toshiji Mukai, Koichi Ishikawa

    Differential speed rolling (DSR) was applied to the AZ31 magnesium alloy, intended to modify the texture and thus to enhance the room temperature ductility. Especially, effect of DSR temperature on resulting room temperature tensile properties and texture was investigated at a fixed rolling speed ratio of 1.1. The strength was not affected by the rolling temperature: the yield strength and the ultimate tensile strength for all materials processed by DSR were approximately 240 and 290 MPa, respectively. On the other hand, elongation-to-failure increased from 13.6 to 18.5% with decreasing rolling temperature from 573 to 473 K. In addition, the material processed by DSR exhibited approximately 1.5 times larger ductility than that by conventional symmetric rolling at a rolling temperature of 473 K. The DSR at 523 and 473 K resulted in the basal plane orientation at the position inclined by similar to 5 and 8 degrees from the normal direction toward the rolling direction, respectively. It was suggested that the higher ductility of the material processed at lower temperatures is attributed to the slight change in the basal plane orientation and/or reduction in grain size. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, 2006年02月, JOURNAL OF MATERIALS PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY, 182 (1-3), 644 - 647, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Effect of grain size and texture on fracute toughness in magnesim and magnesium-aluminum-zinc (AZ31) alloy

    Hidetoshi Somekawa, Toshiji Mukai

    The effect of texture and grain size on fracture toughness was investigated by using magnesium alloy (Mg-3Al-1Zn) and pure magnesium. The materials were produced by hot extrusion to obtain (i) strong basal texture and (ii) different grain structure. Tensile strength and ductility were increased with grain refinement. Fracture toughness was higher for samples which were cut parallel to the extrusion direction than those cut normal to the extrusion direction due to different surface energy on basal and non-basal planes. In addition, the fracture toughness was enhanced with grain refinement without relation to materials. Controlling texture and/or grain refinement were show to be effective methods to improve the fracture toughness in magnesium and magnesium alloy.

    MINERALS, METALS & MATERIALS SOC, 2006年, MAGNESIUM TECHNOLOGY 2006, PROCEEDINGS, 395 - +, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Fracture toughness in ultra fine-grained magnesium alloy

    H Somekawa, T Mukai

    The fracture toughness was investigated using in an extruded AZ31 magnesium alloy with an initial grain size of 1.0 mu m. Since the small scale yielding condition was not satisfied with the present thin thickness, the value of plane-strain fracture toughness, K-IC = 27.9 MPam(1/2), was measured from Stretched Zone analysis. The values of K-IC in AZ31 magnesium alloys were dependent on the grain size. The grain refinement was found to be one of the improvement methods for fracture toughness in magnesium alloy.

    TRANS TECH PUBLICATIONS LTD, 2006年, NANOMATERIALS BY SEVERE PLASTIC DEFORMATION, 503-504, 155 - 160, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • H Somekawa, T Mukai

    The fracture toughness of extruded pure magnesium increased with grain refinement due to the effect of the plastic zone, which is a sensitive factor related to the mechanical properties of yield strength, elongation-to-failure and strain hardening exponent. (c) 2005 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2005年11月, SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 53 (9), 1059 - 1064, 英語, 国際誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Enhancement of Fracture toughness in AZ31 magnesium alloy through controlling grain structure

    H. Somekawa, T. Mukai

    2005年10月, Proc. of the 1st Asian Symposium on Magnesium Alloys, 85 - 88, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • HW Zhang, R Gopalan, T Mukai, K Hono

    Fully dense bulk nanocrystalline Fe-0.8wt.%C alloy was synthesized by spark plasma sintering of mechanically milled Fe-C nanocrystalline powder. The sample sintered at 600 degrees C was composed of 150 nm ferrite grains with nanocrystalline cementite dispersoids, whose compression yield strength, fracture strength, and plastic strain were 1900 MPa, 3500 MPa, and 40% respectively. (c) 2005 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2005年10月, SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 53 (7), 863 - 868, 英語, 国際誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • JC Oh, T Ohkubo, T Mukai, K Hono

    The precipitation process of an Mg-0.3Ca-0.3Zn (in at.%) alloy has been investigated by transmission electron microscopy and the chemical compositions of the precipitates have been characterized by a three-dimensional atom probe. The reason for the pronounced precipitation hardening in the alloy compared to the Mg-0.3Ca alloy is discussed. (c) 2005 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2005年09月, SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 53 (6), 675 - 679, 英語, 国際誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • H Somekawa, T Mukai

    For a commercially extruded AZ31 alloy, the basal plane in most grains was distributed parallel to the extruded direction. The sample having a pre-crack normal to the basal plane had a higher value of plane-strain fracture toughness than that having a pre-crack parallel to the basal plane. (c) 2005 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2005年09月, SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 53 (5), 541 - 545, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Energy Absorption of Cellular Aluminum Allys at High Strain Rates

    T. Mukai

    2005年06月, Porous Metals and Mtal Foaming Technology, 539 - 542, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Y Suwa, T Mukai, T Aizawa

    A new computational mechanics model is proposed to describe the compression response of two-dimensional cellular materials with consideration of microstructural development. In this modeling, processing conditions to fabricate cellular materials Lire taken into account as a cell-growth mechanism. Representative volume elements (RVE) are generated by the phase-field model. Numerical simulations of compressive deformation are performed by finite element analysis for the selected RVE. The cell size distribution especially affects on the limit stress and the densification process.

    JAPAN INST METALS, 2005年06月, MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS, 46 (6), 1221 - 1229, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • D Nagahama, T Ohkubo, T Mukai, K Hono

    The microstructures of Cu60Zr30Ti10 metallic glass prepared by injection casting and melt -spinning have been investigated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and three dimensional atom probe ODAP). The as-cast 2 nun diameter rod sample contained Cu rich nanocrystals in the amorphous matrix. while the melt-spun ribbon was fully amorphous, The composition of the Cu-rich nanocrystals was around Cu70Zr10Ti5 with the fee structure (lattice parameter = 0.37 run). which is a metastable Cu phase supersaturated with Zr and Ti. Annealing the as-east rod at 713 K (T-g) for 10 min led to a decrease in compressive plastic strain from 1.8 to 0.6 accompanied by an increase in the volume freaction of the Cu-rich crystal.

    JAPAN INST METALS, 2005年06月, MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS, 46 (6), 1264 - 1270, 英語, 国際誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • K Ishikawa, H Watanabe, T Mukai

    High-temperature compressive properties at a high strain rate of 10(3) s(-1) were examined in solution treated AZ91 magnesium alloy. Analysis of the flow behavior and microstructural observations indicated that the deformation at high strain rates of similar to 10(3) s(-1) proceeds by 14 conventional plastic flow of dislocation glide and twinning even at elevated temperatures. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, 2005年05月, MATERIALS LETTERS, 59 (12), 1511 - 1515, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • K Tantikom, T Aizawa, T Mukai

    Symmetric and asymmetric deformation behavior is theoretically analyzed for regularly cell-structured materials. On the basis of the elasto-plastic formulation by the finite element method, the computational model is constructed in order to understand the effect of various parameters on the deformation mode transition. Symmetric deformation changes itself to asymmetric deformation when increasing the nominal compressive strain. Effects of the relative density, the contact length, and the adhesive bonding on this mode transition are investigated under quasi-static in-plane compression. Besides the relative density, the contact length to thickness ratio (r(c)/t) plays an important role on the symmetric-asymmetric deformation transition. The intercell stress transfer also has an influence on the stability of the cell-structure during crushing. The theoretical prediction is compared with the experimental results in (Part 1) to quantitatively discuss the compressive deformation of regularly cell-structured materials. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2005年04月, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SOLIDS AND STRUCTURES, 42 (8), 2211 - 2224, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • K Tantikom, T Aizawa, T Mukai

    Quasi-static compressive response of regularly cell-structured materials is experimentally studied for various relative density, cell contact length and intercell bonding state. Each cell in this specimen is aligned in a hexagonal closed-pack array. The contact length as well as cell wall thickness of regularly cell-structured materials, plays an important role on the deformation mode transition. The deformation changes itself from symmetric to asymmetric pattern when increasing the contact length to cell-wall thickness ratio. Higher level of collapsing stress is observed in symmetric deformation due to the nearly uniform stress transfer during compression. Work hardening behavior is promoted with increasing the relative density or decreasing the contact length. Asymmetric deformation is associated with a nearly constant collapsing stress. The plateau collapsing stress state is caused by the localized deformation of cell-row in a narrow band of specimen. Liquid epoxy resin between cell walls also influences on the deformation mode of cell-structured materials. In the present study, the experimental observation is presented first (Part 1), followed by the theoretical analysis and comparison between experimental and analytical results in (Part 2). (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2005年04月, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SOLIDS AND STRUCTURES, 42 (8), 2199 - 2210, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • K Ishikawa, H Watanabe, T Mukai

    High temperature compressive properties in AZ31 magnesium alloy were examined over a wide strain rate range from 10(-3) to 10(3) s(-1). It was suggested that the dominant deformation mechanism in the low strain rate range below 10(-1) s(-1) was dislocation creep controlled by pipe diffusion at low temperatures, and by lattice diffusion at high temperatures. On the other hand, analysis of the flow behavior and microstructural observations indicated that the deformation at high strain rates of similar to 10(3) s(-1) proceeds by conventional plastic flow of dislocation glide and twinning even at elevated temperatures. (C) 2005 Springer Science + Business Media, Inc.

    SPRINGER, 2005年04月, JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE, 40 (7), 1577 - 1582, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • H Watanabe, A Takara, H Somekawa, T Mukai, K Higashi

    Dislocation creep behavior of AZ31 magnesium alloy with different texture and grain sizes was examined. At a strain rate of around 10(-3) s(-1). it is suggested that the flow stress is dominated by the texture softening and softening, due to grain boundary sliding at 523 and 673 K. respectively. (C) 2004 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2005年03月, SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 52 (6), 449 - 454, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Akihiro Murata, Yohei Tanigawa, Takashi Matsuoka, Kazuhiko Sakaguchi, Hiroyuki Watanabe, Toshiji Mukai

    The present paper is aiming to examine the tribological properties of Mg-Al-Zn alloy, AZ91. Especially, effect of precipitate morphology on tribological properties, such as wear rate and coefficient of friction, was systematically investigated for cast material. Accelerated aging treatment was carried out at temperatures ranging from 150°C to 300°C for 100 hours after solution-treatment at 413°C for 48 hours. A pin-on-disc wear testing machine was used to evaluate tribological properties at room temperature under dry condition, in which an SUJ2 steel disc was used as the counterface. Vickers hardness after the accelerated aging treatment of AZ91 alloy was about HV80 to HV90. Since the hardness of AZ91 was approximately eight times smaller than that of SUJ2, the dominant wear mechanism was assumed to be abrasive wear. However, the composition of wear debris, rise in temperature during wear tests, change in hardness near the wear surface and macroscopic flow of specimens indicated that the adhesive wear also contributed to the wear properties when the size of precipitates were small or the spacing between precipitates were large. It was suggested that the contribution of adhesive wear increased the wear rate and the coefficient of friction. It was concluded that the wear resistance of AZ91 alloy under dry condition would be improved by densely dispersing the precipitates with sufficiently large size, e.g., precipitates with its length of about 1mm that were observed in materials aged at 200°C.

    Society of Materials Science Japan, 2005年, Zairyo/Journal of the Society of Materials Science, Japan, 54 (1), 90 - 96, 日本語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • 村田彰宏, 谷川洋平, 松岡 敬, 坂口一彦, 渡辺博行, 向井敏司

    The present paper is aiming to examine the tribological properties of Mg-Al-Zn alloy, AZ91. Especially, effect of precipitate morphology on tribological properties, such as wear rate and coefficient of friction, was systematically investigated for cast material. Accelerated aging treatment was carried out at temperatures ranging from 150°C to 300°C for 100 hours after solution-treatment at 413°C for 48 hours. A pin-on-disc wear testing machine was used to evaluate tribological properties at room temperature under dry condition, in which an SUJ2 steel disc was used as the counterface. Vickers hardness after the accelerated aging treatment of AZ91 alloy was about HV80 to HV90. Since the hardness of AZ91 was approximately eight times smaller than that of SUJ2, the dominant wear mechanism was assumed to be abrasive wear. However, the composition of wear debris, rise in temperature during wear tests, change in hardness near the wear surface and macroscopic flow of specimens indicated that the adhesive wear also contributed to the wear properties when the size of precipitates were small or the spacing between precipitates were large. It was suggested that the contribution of adhesive wear increased the wear rate and the coefficient of friction. It was concluded that the wear resistance of AZ91 alloy under dry condition would be improved by densely dispersing the precipitates with sufficiently large size, e.g., precipitates with its length of about 1mm that were observed in materials aged at 200°C.

    Society of Materials Science Japan, 2005年, 材料, 54 (1), 90 - 96, 日本語, 国内誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • A Takara, Y Nishikawa, H Watanabe, H Somekawa, T Mukai, K Higashi

    The applicability of high-strain-rate superplasticity for forming magnesium parts, especially structural component with a boss on a plate designed with the aim of producing mobile electric appliances, was examined. The required microstructure and grain refinement process for target forming was examined prior to the forming trials. Following the examination of the processing design, the high-strain-rate superplastic AZ91 magnesium alloy with a required grain size less than 3.2 mum was produced by hot extrusion under the condition that the Zener-Hollomon parameter was 3 x 10(12) s(-1). It was experimentally confirmed that a boss with a height greater than 5 mm, which is a requirement for electric appliances, could be formed within 10 s even at a low temperature of 523 K using this high-strain-rate superplastic magnesium alloy. Basic knowledge related to the formation of three-dimensionally shaped magnesium parts by utilizing high-strain-rate superplasticity was obtained.

    JAPAN INST METALS, 2004年08月, MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS, 45 (8), 2531 - 2536, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • H Watanabe, T Mukai, M Sugioka, K Ishikawa

    Dynamic elastic properties and damping properties from room temperature to 673 K were examined in AZ31 magnesium alloy. It was suggested that these properties at elevated temperatures were influenced by the occurrence of grain boundary sliding, which is dependent on the grain size and alloy additions. (C) 2004 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2004年08月, SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 51 (4), 291 - 295, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • H Watanabe, T Mukai, K Higashi

    The superplastic behavior of fine-grained metals is well described by the deformation model in which grain boundary sliding (GBS) is accommodated by slip. This slip accommodation process involves the sequential steps of glide and climb, with climb assumed to be the rate-controlling process. The climb distance during GBS is often considered to be on the order of grain size in the conventional theoretical models. However, these models have not been able to predict quantitatively the strain rates actually observed in fine-grained superplastic materials. Therefore, the deformation model was reviewed by comparing the theoretical and phenomenological equations in order to accurately understand the mechanism of the accommodation process. The analyses revealed that the climb process is governed by the effective diffusivity. The climb distance through the grain boundary is of the order of the grain size, and that through the lattice close to the dislocation core size was quantitatively in agreement with the phenomenological relation.

    JAPAN INST METALS, 2004年08月, MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS, 45 (8), 2497 - 2502, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • A Takara, Y Nishikawa, H Watanabe, H Somekawa, T Mukai, K Higashi

    Plastic formability in the secondary processing of an AZ31 magnesium alloy was investigated using fine-grained and relatively coarse-grained materials. respectively. To produce components for mobile electric appliances, boss formability was examined at a relatively low temperature of 523 K. The boss with a height of 14mm was successfully formed in fine-grained material under a nominal forming pressure of 582 MPa in 5 s. Analysis of the boss forming revealed that the forming occurred under the high-strain-rate superplastic condition. The grain size in the boss region was slightly coarsened, probably as a result of strain-induced grain growth, which is a widespread property of superplastic flow. On the other hand, even in the coarse-grained material, a relatively high boss height of 5 mm was obtained under the same forming condition. After the boss forming. grain refinement was observed in the coarse-grained material. It was suggested that the coarse-grained materials exhibited relatively high formability because of dynamic recrystallization. It was concluded that plastic forming concomitant with grain growth was more effective than that concomitant with grain refinement in AZ31 magnesium alloy. An empirical equation to perform plastic forming under the condition concomitant with grain growth was developed.

    JAPAN INST METALS, 2004年07月, MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS, 45 (7), 2377 - 2382, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • H Watanabe, T Mukai, K Ishikawa

    KLUWER ACADEMIC PUBL, 2004年02月, JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE, 39 (4), 1477 - 1480, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • AZ31マグネシウム合金の高温圧縮特性

    石川皓一, 渡辺博行, 向井 敏司

    2004年, 科学と工業, 78, 475 - 480, 日本語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Experimental prediction of deformation mechanism after continuous dynamic recrystallization in superplastic P/M7475

    T Hirata, T Mukai, N Saito, S Tanabe, M Kohzu, K Higashi

    The deformation mechanism in high-strain-rate superplastic P/M7475 before and after continuous dynamic recrystallization (CDRX) was investigated. The recrystallization process in P/M7475 differed from that in conventional superplastic material, I/M7475. In I/M7475, the fine-grained microstructure was obtained by static recrystallization before deformation. On the other hand, the substructure in P/M7475 evolved into fine grains during deformation by CDRX. The percentage of high-angle and random boundaries was low at an initial stage of deformation. However, it increased with strain in P/M7475. The microstructural change in P/M7475 influenced a deformation mechanism and affected grain boundary sliding (GBS). The ratio of contribution of GBS to total elongation was low at an early stage of deformation in P/M7475. However, it increased with deformation progressed. It is suggested that the deformation behavior in P/M7475 changed from dislocation creep to superplasticity as the dominant deformation mechanism changed to GBS. The activation energy for superplastic flow in P/M7475 was close to that for lattice self-diffusion in pure aluminum. It is therefore concluded that the dominant deformation mechanism after CDRX in P/M7475 is GBS accommodated by dislocation movement controlled by lattice self-diffusion, similar to that in I/M7475. (C) 2003 Kluwer Academic Publishers.

    KLUWER ACADEMIC PUBL, 2003年10月, JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE, 38 (19), 3925 - 3932, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • T. Mukai, S. Suresh, K. Kita, H. Sasaki, N. Kobayashi, K. Higashi, A. Inoue

    Three different aluminum-iron alloys were produced by electron-beam deposition with the iron content in the range 1.15-1.71 at.%. These alloys did not contain any identifiable iron-bearing particles, and exhibited full density with high-angle grain boundaries in the micrometer range, and a sub-grain size typically smaller than 100 nm. The tensile deformation characteristics of the alloys were examined at a dynamic strain rate of 1.1 x 10(3) s(-1) and a quasi-static strain rate of I X 10(-3) s(-1) at room temperature. The alloy containing 1.7% Fe exhibited an abnormally high tensile strength of about 950 MPa with a ductility of up to 6%. Detailed atomic resolution imaging of the structure of the alloys has been performed along with an examination of their fracture surface features. The fracture surfaces of the alloys showed ductile dimples which typically spanned five to 10 times the sub-grain diameter. It is postulated that the nano-scale sub-grains of the alloy impart high strength, while the structure associated with high-angle boundaries provides reasonable ductility. Possible mechanisms responsible for the high strength in the present Al-Fe alloys are explored. The present results are also examined in conjunction with a comprehensive survey of available results on the strain-rate sensitivity of tensile yield strength and ductility in microcrystalline, sub-microcrystalline and nanocrystalline metals and alloys, and on the solid-solution strengthening of aluminum alloys. (C) 2003 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2003年08月, Acta Materialia, 51 (14), 4197 - 4208, 英語, 国際誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Dynamic deformation of regularly Cell-Structured Materials

    T. Aizawa, T. Mukai, H. Kanahashi, Y. Suwa

    2003年07月, Material Science Forum, 465-466, 13 - 20, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • The effect of temperature and flow stress for climb-controlled dislocation creep in magnesium alloy

    H. Somekawa, H. Watanabe, T. Mukai, K. Higashi

    2003年07月, 426-432, 605 - 610, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • H Somekawa, H Watanabe, T Mukai, K Higashi

    Diffusion bonding behavior of fine-grained magnesium alloy with the average grain size of 8.5 mum, that was processed by hot rolling, was examined. The material behaved in a superplastic manner at. temperatures of 523 and 573 K, and successfully diffusion bonded at these temperatures. (C) 2003 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2003年05月, SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 48 (9), 1249 - 1254, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • J Koike, T Kobayashi, T Mukai, H Watanabe, M Suzuki, K Maruyama, K Higashi

    Fine-grained alloys of Mg-3Al-1Zn-0.2Mn in wt.% (AZ31B) were obtained by an equal-channel angular extrusion technique and subsequent annealing at elevated temperatures. Tensile tests were performed at room temperature at a strain rate of 1x10(-3) s(-1). The alloys exhibited an apparent steady-state deformation region and a large tensile elongation of 47%. The deformed microstructure at an elongation of 2% indicated substantial cross-slip to non-basal planes induced by plastic compatibility stress associated with grain boundaries. The non-basal segment of dislocations was found to consist of 40% of the total dislocation density at a yield anisotropy factor of only 1.1 instead of an expected value of 100 obtained from single-crystal experiments. The deformed microstructure at an elongation of 16% indicated recovered regions within twins as well as untwinned matrices. These results indicate that dynamic recovery can occur in Mg alloys at room temperature. (C) 2003 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2003年04月, ACTA MATERIALIA, 51 (7), 2055 - 2065, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • H Watanabe, T Mukai, S Kamado, Y Kojima, K Higashi

    Fine-grained WZ73 magnesium alloy with the grain size of 1.6mum was produced by Equal-Channel-Angular Extrusion. The material exhibited tensile yield strength of 293 MPa, tensile strength of 350 MPa. and relatively large elongation of 18% at room temperature. The yield strength was almost unchanged up to 473 K. In addition, large superplastic elongation of over 300% was obtained at a temperature of 673 K.

    JAPAN INST METALS, 2003年04月, MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS, 44 (4), 463 - 467, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • H Watanabe, K Moriwaki, T Mukai, T Ohsuna, K Hiraga, K Higashi

    The materials processing, consisted of a four step process of solution treatment, pre-strain, overaging and hot working, was developed for attaining structural stability at high temperatures in a commercial Mg-Zn-Zr alloy, ZK60. The grain size of the material processed by this schedule was refined to 2.5 mum, and the material behaved in a superplastic manner at 548 K and at a strain rate of 1 x 10(-2) s(-1) owing to the grain size stability at this temperature. From the analysis of the chemical composition of precipitates, it was suggested that the phase Mg-7(Zn,Zr)(3), which was not observed in material without pre-strain, was effective in pinning the grain boundaries at high temperatures.

    JAPAN INST METALS, 2003年04月, MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS, 44 (4), 775 - 781, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • High strain rate superplasticity in aluminum alloys and review of its current commercial applications

    T Mukai, K Higashi

    Superplasticity is a viable technique to fabricate a hard-to-form material into a complex shape. The details have been investigated in the past two decades. The limitation for application to commercial mass-production is the low optimum forming speed and/or the material cost. One of the innovations in superplasticity is especially noted to establish the high strain rate superplasticity (HSRS) in early 1990s. Detailed study of the phenomenological aspects in HSRS revealed its deformation mechanism and pointed out the importance of the presence of accommodation helpers such as discontinuous liquid phase with grain boundary sliding. Recently, HSRS has been applied for net-shape forging of engine piston with rapidly solidified At-Si system alloy powders. Another commercial application of HSRS is gas-pressure forming of Al-Mg system alloys to produce large-scale components such as a hard-top roof of an automobile. In this study, we discuss the phenomenological deformation mechanism of HSRS in aluminum alloys and review the current applications in Japan.

    MINERALS, METALS & MATERIALS SOC, 2003年, HOT DEFORMATION OF ALUMINUM ALLOYS III, 199 - 210, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Anomalous activity of nonbasal dislocations in AZ31 Mg alloys at room temperature

    T Kobayashi, J Koike, T Mukai, M Suzuki, H Watanabe, K Maruyama, K Higashi

    AZ31 Mg alloy samples were extruded by an equal channel angular extrusion (ECAE) process and subsequently annealed to obtain fine-grained material with a low dislocation density. Tensile tests at room temperature exhibited an apparent steady-state deformation region and a large tensile elongation of 47%. The deformed microstructure at an elongation of 2% indicated a substantial cross-slip to nonbasal planes possibly induced by grain-boundary compatibility effects. The nonbasal segments of dislocations were found to consist of 40% of the total dislocation density at a yield anisotropy factor of only 1.1 instead of an expected value of 100 from single-crystal experiments.

    TRANS TECH PUBLICATIONS LTD, 2003年, MAGNESIUM ALLOYS 2003, PTS 1 AND 2, 419-4, 231 - 236, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Superplastic behavior of an ECAE processed ZK60 magnesium alloy

    H Watanabe, T Mukai, K Ishikawa, K Higashi

    Superplastic behavior of ECAE processed ZK60 was examined at a temperature of 473 K. The grains were equiaxed with a fine grain size of 1.4 mum at the tensile testing temperature. It was found that this material exhibited superplasticity even at a low temperature of 473 K. The maximum elongation of 1083 % was obtained at 1x10(-5) s(-1). The apparent strain rate sensitivity value exhibited about 0.5 in the low strain rate range and remained unchanged during deformation, indicative of no change in grain boundary structure. The normalized plot indicated that the present material behaved almost identically to those with equilibrium grain boundaries. It was suggested that the present ECAE processed ZK60 alloy have the equilibrium grain boundaries at the superplastic temperature in contrast to typical materials processed by severe plastic deformation.

    TRANS TECH PUBLICATIONS LTD, 2003年, MAGNESIUM ALLOYS 2003, PTS 1 AND 2, 419-4, 557 - 562, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Diffusion bonding on superplastic-aluminum and -magnesium alloys

    H Somekawa, H Watanabe, T Mukai, K Higashi

    The superplastic characteristics and diffusion bonding behaviors were investigated in commercial 7475 aluminum alloy and AZ31 magnesium alloy sheets. In this study, the presently used materials behaved in a superplastic manner at similar to773 K (7475Al) and similar to523 K (AZ31). Then, by the theoretical relationship between pressure and time, these materials were successfully diffusion bonded at the superplastic temperatures. The bonding strength was more than 65 MPa. The experimental bonding conditions in high quality joining, times and pressures, were good agreed with prediction analysis.

    TRANS TECH PUBLICATIONS LTD, 2003年, SUPERPLASTICITY IN ADVANCED MATERIALS, 447-4, 527 - 532, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Guide for enhancement of room temperature ductility in Mg alloys at high strain rates

    T Mukai, H Watanabe, K Ishikawa, K Higashi

    Polycrystalline magnesium are generally fractured intergranularly under dynamic loading, and exhibits limited ductility owing to its HCP structure. In this study, improvement of tensile mechanical properties under dynamic loading has been demonstrated for two commercial magnesium alloys, ZK60 and AZ31. It was found that the strength and ductility of magnesium alloys were enhanced by refining the grain structure. Further enhancement of ductility can be achieved by a simple shear through equal-channel-angular-extrusion (ECAE) process. A commercial AZ31 alloy was subjected to ECAE followed by annealing to develop a different texture compared with the directly-extruded alloy. During the dynamic tensile test, elongation-to-failure was more than twice higher than that of the directly-extruded alloy. It has been demonstrated that, for commercial magnesium alloys, the improvement of strength-ductility balance can be achieved by controlling the grain structure.

    TRANS TECH PUBLICATIONS LTD, 2003年, MAGNESIUM ALLOYS 2003, PTS 1 AND 2, 419-4, 171 - 176, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Constitutive equation for superplastic flow in light metallic materials

    H Watanabe, T Mukai, K Higashi

    Two problems in fine-grained superplasticity, whose details are indispensable to understand the nature of superplastic flow, are discussed using light metallic materials. First, the effect of temperature and grain size on superplastic flow was investigated for the inclusive understanding of the dominant diffusion process. The effective diffusion coefficient for superplastic flow involving the lattice diffusion coefficient and the grain boundary diffusion coefficient were precisely determined. It was found that the superplastic flow in pseudo-single phase aluminum and magnesium alloys is best described by a single constitutive equation using the effective diffusion coefficient. Second, the effect of intergranular and intragranular particles was examined. Two critical strain rates for the elimination of the effect of these particles were developed respectively by considering the suitable deformation models. The constitutive equation for superplastic flow under the influence of intragranular particles was proposed.

    TRANS TECH PUBLICATIONS LTD, 2003年, SUPERPLASTICITY IN ADVANCED MATERIALS, 447-4, 91 - 96, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • 吉岡亮, 松岡敬, 坂口一彦, 向井敏司, 村田彰宏

    In this study, dry wear tests were carried out to investigate the friction and wear properties of magnesium alloys by using a pin-on-disk wear testing machine at room temperature. Mg-Al-Zn (AZ31, AZ61 and AZ91) alloys were used as test specimens. Mg-Al-Zn alloys fabricated by extrusion method of processing were tested. Furthermore, two kinds of specimens were prepared by heat treatment : one is solution-treated at 413°C for 48 hours and the other is aging-treated at 150°C for 100 hours after solution treatment. SUJ2 was used as a disk material. Wear rates and coefficients of friction were investigated under constant conditions. The main results obtained were as follows. (1) The coefficient of friction decreased with the increment of aluminum content. In addition, it decreased with aging treatment. (2) The wear resistance of solution-treated Mg-Al-Zn alloys was independent of aluminum content. (3) The wear resistance of an aging-treated AZ61 alloy was same compared with a solution-treated one. On the other hand, the wear resistance of an aging-treated AZ91 alloy deteriorated compared with a solution-treated one. Consequently, the wear resistance of aging-treated Mg-Al-Zn alloys was dependent on aluminum content. It was confirmed that precipitated particles had an influence upon the wear resistance of aging-treated Mg-Al-Zn alloys.

    Society of Materials Science Japan, 2003年, 材料, 52 (6), 702 - 708, 日本語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • 渡辺博行, 向井敏司, 鈴木桂介, 清水亨

    The influence of grain structure on the formability of an AZ31 magnesium alloy rolled sheet was examined by deep drawing for five materials. Each sheet was formed at a drawing speed of 60 mm/min into a cup, which had a square bottom of 50 × 50 mm2, and a maximum depth of 18 mm. It was found that the materials with grain sizes of ≤ 10 μm could be formed to the maximum depth without cracking, even at the lowest temperature investigated (423 K). Tensile mechanical testing of the rolled sheets revealed that these materials with high drawability also had a high Lankford value at the forming temperature. In addition, the surface roughness at the corners of the deep drawn cup was somewhat reduced in the fine - grained materials. The present results suggest that a magnesium alloy sheet with a fine-grain structure has the potential for deep drawing at relatively low temperatures.

    Japan Institute of Light Metals, 2003年, 軽金属, 53 (2), 50 - 54, 日本語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • T. Mukai, T.G. Nieh, Y. Kawamura, A. Inoue, K. Higashi

    Mechanical deformation of Pd40Ni40P20 was characterized in compression over a wide strain rate range (3.3 x 10(-5) to 2 x 10(3) s(-1)) at room temperature. The compression sample fractured with a shear plane inclined similar to42 degree with respect to the loading axis, in contrast to similar to56 degree for the case of tension. This suggests the yielding of the material deviates from the classical von Mises yield criterion, but follows the Mohr-Coulomb yield criterion. Fracture stress as well as strain was found to decrease with increasing applied strain rate. The compressive stress (similar to1.74 GPa) was also found to be higher than the tensile fracture stress at a quasi-static strain rate. Close examination of the stress-strain curves revealed that localized shear might have occurred at a compressive stress of about similar to1.4 GPa, much lower than the "apparent" yield stress of 1.74 GPa. However, the stress of 1.4 GPa for shear band initiation is almost the same as the fracture stress measured at a dynamic strain rate of 5 x 10(2) s(-1). These results suggested that the fracture of a bulk metallic glass is sensitive to the applied loading rate. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

    ELSEVIER SCI LTD, 2002年11月, INTERMETALLICS, 10 (11-12), 1071 - 1077, 英語, 国際誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • H Kanahashi, T Mukai, TG Nieh, T Aizawa, K Higashi

    In the present paper, open-celled AA6101-T6 aluminum foams, Duocel, with virtually the same relative density of 0.09 were tested at both a dynamic strain rate of 1.2 x 10(3) s(-1) and quasi-static strain rate of 1 x 10(-3) s(-1) in compression at room temperature. These Duocel foams have different cell sizes (10, 20, and 40 ppi) but similar cell morphology and microstructure. The mechanical strength and energy absorption of these foams were characterized as a function of strain rate and cell morphology. Experimental results indicated that the mechanical responses of Duocel foams were independent of the cell size and strain rate. Similar tests were also conducted with fully dense AA6101-T6 aluminum alloy and the results were compared with those obtained from the foam materials.

    JAPAN INST METALS, 2002年10月, MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS, 43 (10), 2548 - 2553, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • T Miyoshi, T Mukai, K Higashi

    Cellular metallic foams have interesting potential for impact energy absorption. In this study, modification of solid in a closed-cell Al-Ca-Ti foam was carried out, adding the strengthening elements of Zn and Mg for enhancement of energy absorption. Samples with dimensions of 100 x 100 x 100 mm(3) were examined at a dynamic strain rate corresponding to the crashing speed of automobiles. The compression deformation behavior of the Al-7Zn-0.5Mg-1.5Ca-1.5Ti (by mass%) foam was found to be different from that of the original Al-1.5Ca-1.5Ti (by mass%) foam. Plateau stress could be effectively enhanced with the combined effect of strengthening solid alloy and increasing the aspect ratio of cell wall thickness against cell edge length. Plateau stress of the modified foam was independent of strain rate, while the stress in Al-Ca-Ti foam exhibited a certain strain rate sensitivity. Plateau strain, designated as the strain where the compressive stress reached 1.5 times higher value than the yield stress, was also enhanced by the present modification. As a result, absorption energy was also effectively enhanced but was independent of strain rate as a result of the present modification.

    JAPAN INST METALS, 2002年07月, MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS, 43 (7), 1778 - 1781, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • H Watanabe, T Mukai, K Ishikawa, K Higashi

    Fine-grained ZK60 magnesium alloy with the grain size of 1.4 mum was processed by equal-channel-angular extrusion. The material exhibited low temperature superplasticity. The normalized plot suggested that the present material had equilibrium grain boundaries at the superplastic temperature in contrast to typical materials processed by severe plastic deformation. (C) 2002 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2002年06月, SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 46 (12), 851 - 856, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • IMPROVEMENT OF STRENGTH-DUCTILITY BALANCE IN COMMERCIAL MAGNESIUM ALLOYS UNDER DYNAMIC LOADING

    Toshiji Mukai, Hiroyuki Watanabe, Koichi Ishikawa, Kenji Higashi

    2002年02月, Magnesium Technology 2002, 137 - 140, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • H Watanabe, T Mukai, K Ishikawa, K Higashi

    High-strain-rate superplastic magnesium alloy, AZ91, was processed through the ingot metallurgy route, The relationship between working temperature and resulting grain size indicated that the grain size tends to decrease with decreasing working temperature in AZ91. Based on this preliminary result, the ingot was hot extruded at a relatively low temperature of 523 K with a reduction ratio of 44. A very fine grain size of 1.7 mu-m was attained only by hot extrusion. The fine-grained structure as stable blow 573 K. Owing to the fine grain size, high-strain-rate superplasticity was observed at temperatures of similar to 548 K.

    JAPAN INST METALS, 2002年01月, MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS, 43 (1), 78 - 80, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • T. Mukai, T.G. Nieh, Y. Kawamura, A.Inoue, K. Higashi

    Tensile behavior of a bulk metallic glass Pd40Ni40P20 was characterized under both quasi-static and dynamic strain rate conditions. No major difference was observed. Multiple shear bands formed in samples tested at the dynamic strain rate. However, shear band interaction appears to have an insignificant effect on the plasticity of the alloy. (C) 2002 Acta aterialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2002年01月, Scripta Mateialia, 46 (1), 43 - 47, 英語, 国際誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Study on the superplastic deformation mechanism using magnesium-based materials

    H Watanabe, T Mukai, K Higashi

    Investigations to develop correct models for understanding the superplastic flow mechanism are very much in order. In the present paper, two problems in the fine-grained superplasticity, whose details are indispensable to understand the nature of superplastic flow, were discussed using magnesium-based materials. First, the effect of temperature and grain size on superplastic flow was investigated for the inclusive understanding of the dominant diffusion process. We precisely determined the effective diffusion coefficient for superplastic flow involving lattice diffusion coefficient and grain boundary diffusion coefficient. A phenomenological constitutive equation for superplastic flow using the effective diffusion coefficient was developed. Second, the effect of intergranular and intragranular particles was examined. Two critical strain rates for the elimination of the effect of these particles were developed respectively by considering the suitable deformation models. In addition, constitutive equation for superplastic flow under the influence of intragranular particle was proposed.

    MINERALS, METALS & MATERIALS SOC, 2002年, CREEP DEFORMATION: FUNDAMENTALS AND APPLICATIONS, 147 - 155, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Grain refinement and superplasticity in magnesium alloys

    H Watanabe, T Mukai, K Higashi

    Ultrafine-grained (UFG) material can be processed by powder metallurgy (PM) route using rapidly solidified powder or severe plastic deformation in magnesium alloys. In the present paper, the authors paid attention to the low-temperature superplasticity of these fine-grained materials in order to shed light on the mechanism of superplastic flow. Especially, the effect of particle and grain boundary structure on superplastic flow, which is indispensable to understand the nature of superplasticity, was discussed. The critical strain rates for the elimination of the effect of intergranular and intragranular particles could be developed using fine-grained PM magnesium alloy. Severe plastic deformation is also the promising route to attain UFG materials. However, the materials often have non-equilibrium grain boundary. It has been pointed out that the non-equilibrium grain boundary structure hampers the dislocation motion for accommodation process of grain boundary sliding, and hence retards the superplastic strain rate. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate the processing route to obtain UFG material with equilibrium grain boundary.

    MINERALS, METALS & MATERIALS SOC, 2002年, ULTRAFINE GRAINED MATERIALS II, 469 - 478, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • 松岡敬, 坂口一彦, 向井敏司, 松山雅和, 吉岡亮

    In this study, the influences of the grain sizes on the magnesium alloy are investigated to evaluate the friction and wear properties under a dry condition by using a pin-on-disk test machine. Four kinds of ZK60 magnesium alloys with different grain sizes from 6mm to 100mm were used as test specimens and SUJ2 was used for counter materials. It was shown that the wear rate on the small grain size's specimen was increased by the larger plastic deformation near to the worn surface. And, it was also made clear that the coefficient of friction increased due to the influence of adhesive wear in the case of small grain sizes. On the other hand, in the case of large grain size's specimen, the wear-resistance properties increased as compared with the small grain size's specimen because the wear type was an abrasive wear without a plastic deformation. It is appeared that the average coefficient of friction on ZK60 magnesium alloy was about 0.3 in this test condition.

    Society of Materials Science Japan, 2002年, 材料, 51 (10), 1154 - 1159, 日本語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • T Mukai, M Yamanoi, K Higashi

    Polycrystalline magnesium generally fractures intergranuarly under dynamic loading, and exhibits limited ductility owing to its HCP structure, In this study, improvement of tensile mechanical properties under dynamic loading has been demonstrated for a commercial magnesium alloy of AZ31. A commercial AZ31 alloy was subjected to simple shear processing through ECAE (equal-channel-angular-extrusion) followed by annealing to develop a texture that differs from directly-extruded alloy. During the dynamic tensile test, elongation-to-failure was more than twice as high than that of the directly-extruded alloy. Inspection of the fracture surface on the dynamically deformed sample revealed that the ECAE processed alloy followed by annealing fractured with the development of ductile dimples and few macro cracks, which is often observed on the fracture surface of magnesium alloys.

    JAPAN INST METALS, 2001年12月, MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS, 42 (12), 2652 - 2654, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • H Kanahashi, T Mukai, Y Yamada, K Shimojima, M Mabuchi, T Aizawa, K Higashi

    It is very important to understand the strain rate dependence of the plateau stress or the impact energy for the applications to a suitable design of automotive components. Limited data are, however, available for the mechanical response of metallic foams under dynamic loading in comparison with polymer foams. In this study, the mechanical response and absorbed energy of an open-celled SG91A aluminum foam with the low relative density of 0.03-0.065 is evaluated at a dynamic strain rate in similar to 10(3) s(-1) order in compression by the split Hopkinson pressure bar apparatus. In order to investigate the effect of microstructure in the solid material, solution treatment and aging are performed and then examined at the same dynamic strain rate. As a result, mechanical strength and absorption energy for as-received and heat treated SG91A aluminum foams showed the strain rate dependence. This dependency was clearly decreased by the heat treatment. This mechanical response directly affects the energy absorption: the strain rate dependence of absorption energy is weakened with enhancing the ductility in solid materials by the heat treatment. Therefore, it is possible to control the absorption energy of the metallic foam by the modification of its microstructure, which affects the ductility in the solid material.

    JAPAN INST METALS, 2001年10月, MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS, 42 (10), 2087 - 2092, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • T Miyoshi, S Hara, T Mukai, K Higashi

    There is a great demand for more weight reduction in aluminum foams for fuel economy in the automotive and aerospace fields. The enhancement of compressive strength in a close-celled aluminum can be achieved by the selection of matrix material or modification of the cellular structure without increasing relative density. A commercial closed-cell aluminum (ALPORAS (R)) is made by adding foaming agent into a molten alloy. In this study, the matrix aluminum was strengthened by adding 5%Zn and 1%Mg without an increase in weight. The compressive strength of the present foam is found to be approximately twice as high as that of the conventional foam (ALPOPAS (R)).

    JAPAN INST METALS, 2001年10月, MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS, 42 (10), 2118 - 2123, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • H Watanabe, K Moriwaki, T Mukai, K Ishikawa, M Kohzu, K Higashi

    An examination of consolidation conditions by hot extrusion of AZ31 magnesium alloy machined chips was conducted to enhance the bonding of individual chips, in order to improve the mechanical properties. Hot extrusions were carried out in the superplastic and non-superplastic region. Microstructural observations revealed that grain refinement was attained by extruding machined chips, and the grain sizes of the chip-extruded materials were smaller than 5 mum. The interfaces of individual chips of extruded materials were not identified when the chips were extruded in the superplastic region. The ultimate tensile strength was about 300 MPa and elongation-to-failure was about 10% for chip-extruded materials that were extruded in the superplastic region. These materials were comparable with the as-received alloy with respect to the room temperature strength, although the ductility was reduced to half. It was confirmed that chip consolidation utilizing superplastic flow is useful to enhance the bonding of individual grains. (C) 2001 Kluwer Academic Publishers.

    KLUWER ACADEMIC PUBL, 2001年10月, JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE, 36 (20), 5007 - 5011, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • H Watanabe, H Tsutsui, T Mukai, K Ishikawa, Y Okanda, M Kohzu, K Higashi

    Dynamic recrystallization (DRX) behavior was systematically examined in two commercial Mg-Al-Zn alloys in order to clarify the relationship between deformation conditions and the resulting microstructure. The materials were deformed by upset forging at temperatures ranging from 473 to 673 K at an initial strain rate of 3.3 x 10(-2) s(-1). Grain refinement was observed during deformation. It was found that the dynamically recrystallized grain size decreases with an increasing Zener-Hollomon parameter and/or a decreasing initial grain size. A phenomenological constitutive equation was developed in order to provide a guideline for the control of the grain size of hot deformed AZ61 alloy.

    JAPAN INST METALS, 2001年07月, MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS, 42 (7), 1200 - 1205, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • T Mukai, M Yamanoi, H Watanabe, K Ishikawa, K Higashi

    Magnesium alloys are generally brittle owing to their HCP structure. In this study, improvement of tensile mechanical properties under dynamic loading has been demonstrated for a pure magnesium and a ZK60 magnesium alloy. The solution-treated ZK60 alloy exhibits yielding at a dynamic strain rate of 1.8 x 10(3) s(-1), which was not observed in a pure magnesium. The yield stress of the ZK60 alloy increases at the dynamic strain rate with a similar slope of Hall-Petch relation at a quasi-static strain rate. Enhancement of ductility can be also achieved by refining grain structures for the ZK60 alloy. The high ductility of the fine-grained alloy is due to the absence of macroscopic cracking at mechanical twin boundaries. It is found that the absorption energy per weight in the fine-grained ZK60 is twice higher than that of high strength aluminum alloys.

    JAPAN INST METALS, 2001年07月, MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS, 42 (7), 1177 - 1181, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • T Mukai, M Yamanoi, H Watanabe, K Higashi

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2001年07月, SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 45 (1), 89 - 94, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • H Watanabe, T Mukai, M Mabuchi, K Higashi

    The parametric dependencies for superplastic flow in powder metallurgy (PM) magnesium alloys and composites were characterized so as to elucidate the deformation mechanism. The mechanism was proposed to be slip accommodated grain boundary sliding. However, the PM alloys and composites were strengthened at low temperatures below similar to 550K. This was different from the case in ingot metallurgy (IM) magnesium alloys, that behaved identically over a wide range of temperatures. The critical strain rate, below which the effect of intragranular particle is lost, was developed by considering the dislocation-particle interaction during slip accommodation process. It was suggested that the diffusional relaxation around the intragranular oxide particles was not completed during the slip accommodation process at low temperatures, and this caused the dislocation pile-up at the intragranular particles. II was expected that the dislocation pile-up at the intragranular particles would contribute to the strengthening at low temperatures in PM alloys and PM composites. (C) 2001 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Science Lid. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2001年06月, ACTA MATERIALIA, 49 (11), 2027 - 2037, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • H Watanabe, T Mukai, K Ishikawa, M Mabuchi, K Higashi

    Possibility of combination of high-strain-rate superplasticity and low-temperature superplasticity was experimentally confirmed using extremely fine-grained magnesium alloy. In order to achieve such a superior superplastic behavior, the required grain size and the suitable processing was considered. It was suggested that the required grain size of less than or equal to approximate to 0.4 mum can be obtained through the processing from powder metallurgy route, using rapidly solidified powder. Therefore, superplastic behavior was examined using powder metallurgy processed Mg-Zn-Zr alloy (ZK61). Tensile tests revealed that high-strain-rate superplasticity was obtained even at low temperatures of approximate to 473 K, which is corresponding to half the absolute melting point of the material. This was attributed to the fine grain size of 0.65 mum. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, 2001年06月, MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, 307 (1-2), 119 - 128, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • H Kanahashi, T Mukai, Y Yamada, K Shimojima, M Mabuchi, T Aizawa, K Higashi

    Metallic foams are expected to be used as the impact energy absorber material because of their unique deformation characteristics, which almost constant compressive stress appears in a wide range of strain. This phenomenon is well known as the regime of collapse plateau. It is very important to know strain rate dependence of the plateau stress, and the impact energy for suitable design of automotive components. Only limited amount of mechanical response data of metallic foams under dynamic loading are, however, available comparing with those of polymeric foams. In this study, the absorbed energy of an open-celled magnesium foams with a relative density of 0.03-0.06 is evaluated at a dynamic strain rate of similar to 10(3) s(-1) in compression by using the split Hopkinson pressure bar apparatus. In order to investigate the effect of microstructure in the solid material, solution treatment and aging are performed to all the specimens and then examined for the same strain rates. Peak stress and plateau stress per (relative density)(3/2) for as-received and heat treated AZ91 foams showed the strain rate dependence, which decreased by the heat treatment. Therefore, it is possible to control the absorption energy of the AZ91 metallic foam by means of microstructural improvement, which controls the ductility in the solid material. (C) 2001 Published by Elsevier Science B.V.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, 2001年06月, MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, 308 (1-2), 283 - 287, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • T Mukai, K Higashi

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2001年05月, SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 44 (8-9), 1493 - 1496, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • H Watanabe, T Mukai, K Higashi

    Effect of microstructural factors on superplastic behavior in magnesium-based composites was reviewed in order to obtain insights on ways to enhance the superplastic properties, such as high-strain-rate superplasticity, low-temperature superplasticity, and high ductility. The review shows that the reduction in grain size of the matrix directly increases the strain rate and/or decreases the temperature for optimum superplastic flow. The effect of reinforcement addition is shown to reduce the superplastic elongation, but enhance the superplastic strain rate, presumably owing to grain size stability of composites at high temperatures. Ductility enhancement is not necessarily attained by refining initial grain size. It is suggested that it is necessary to disperse the reinforcement uniformly in order to obtain higher ductility.

    MINERALS METALS MATERIALS SOC, 2001年04月, METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A-PHYSICAL METALLURGY AND MATERIALS SCIENCE, 32 (4), 923 - 929, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Superplasticity of a particle-strengthened WE43 magnesium alloy

    H Watanabe, T Mukai, K Ishikawa, T Mohri, M Mabuchi, K Higashi

    Superplastic behavior was examined in fine-grained (similar to2 mum) WE43 magnesium alloy. that contained, within its grains, spherical precipitates with a diameter of similar to 200 nm. The material exhibited superplasticity with an elongation-to-failure of over 1000% at a temperature of 673 K and a strain rate of 1 x 10(-4) s(-1). Large elongations were obtained in spite of the existence of particles. The dominant deformation mechanism was suggested to be grain boundary sliding accommodated by slip controlled by grain boundary diffusion. Data analysis based on the constitutive equation for superplastic how revealed that the normalized strain rats for particle-strengthened WE43 alloy was about fifty times lower than that for conventional superplastic magnesium alloys. It was suggested that the existence of intragranular particles affects the superplastic flow.

    JAPAN INST METALS, 2001年01月, MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS JIM, 42 (1), 157 - 162, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Grain refinement of a commercial magnesium alloy for superplastic forming

    T Mukai, H Watanabe, K Moriwaki, K Ishikawa, Y Okanda, K Higashi

    Superplastic forming was performed at a high strain rate of 10(-2) s(-1) for a commercial ZK60 magnesium. The relatively high forming temperature of 673 K was decided from the superplastic characteristics owing to its grain size similar to 5 mum. In order to prevent the grain growth during the high temperature superplasticity, the possibility of low temperature superplasticity(LTSP) in magnesium was derived. The required gain size for high strain rate superplasticity(HSRS) at the low homologous temperature was estimated, and the fabrication techniques to develop the fine-grained structure were discussed.

    TRANS TECH PUBLICATIONS LTD, 2001年, SUPERPLASTICITY IN ADVANCED MATERIALS, ICSAM-2000, 357-3, 459 - 464, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Compressive mechanical properties of aluminum alloy in the semi-solid state at dynamic strain rate

    S Nakano, T Mukai, K Higashi

    Recently, semi-solid forming has been mainly utilized for automotive components (e.g., brake cylinder, automotive wheel). Semi-solid forming has many inherent advantages comparing with the conventional forging and casting; (1) reduction of solidification shrinkage and extension of the die life comparing with the casting in the fully liquid state, (2) reduction of the force during forging operations and enhancement of the size accuracy, comparing with the forging in the fully solid state. Very few data are, however, available concerning with the compressive behavior of semi-solid materials (SSM) at a dynamic forming rate for the commercial process. Therefore, establishment of the constitutive equation and modeling for semi-solid forming under dynamic loading isn t sufficiently achieved. In this study, compressive properties of SSM have been investigated at a dynamic strain rate (similar to1.0x10(3) s(-1)) are corresponding to the actual forming speed. A classical Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar was used to estimate the dynamic mechanical properties.

    JAPAN INST METALS, 2001年, PRICM 4: FORTH PACIFIC RIM INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ADVANCED MATERIALS AND PROCESSING, VOLS I AND II, 2599 - 2602, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Ductility enhancement of commercial magnesium alloys by controlling grain structures

    T Mukai, H Watanabe, K Ishikawa, K Higashi

    Magnesium alloys are generally brittle owing to their HCP structure. In this study, improvement of tensile mechanical properties has been demonstrated for a commercial AZ31 magnesium alloy. The effect of the modification for (a) the grain size and (b) texture have been investigated on the mechanical properties. Tensile mechanical properties have been compared for an ingot, an extruded and an annealed AZ31 followed equal-channel-angular-extrusion(ECAE) process. As a result, enhancement of ductility can be achieved by refining grain structures through the conventional extrusion, further enhancement with controlling the texture for a commercial AZ31 magnesium alloy.

    JAPAN INST METALS, 2001年, PRICM 4: FORTH PACIFIC RIM INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ADVANCED MATERIALS AND PROCESSING, VOLS I AND II, 1183 - 1186, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Superplastic behavior in ingot metallurgy WE43 magnesium alloy

    H Watanabe, T Mukai, K Ishikawa, T Mohri, M Mabuchi, K Higashi

    Superplastic behavior of a particle-strengthened WE43 magnesium alloy was examined to clarify the effect of intragranular particles. The material had a fine grain size of similar to 2 mum and contained spherical precipitates of similar to 0.2 mum. The precipitates were observed to reside in both the grain boundaries and the grain interiors. The material exhibited superplasticity with an elongation-to-failure of over 1000% at a temperature of 673 K and a strain rate of 1 x 10(-4) s(-1). Large elongations were obtained in spite of the existence of particles. It appears that grain boundary sliding is accommodated by slip controlled by grain boundary diffusion in the WE43 alloy. The data analysis revealed that the normalized strain rate compensated by effective diffusion coefficient for WE43 was about fifty times of magnitude lower than that for the conventional superplastic magnesium alloys. It was suggested that the superplastic flow is influenced by the existence of intragranular particles.

    JAPAN INST METALS, 2001年, PRICM 4: FORTH PACIFIC RIM INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ADVANCED MATERIALS AND PROCESSING, VOLS I AND II, 2043 - 2046, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Effective diffusivity for superplastic flow in magnesium alloys

    H Watanabe, H Tsutsui, T Mukai, M Kohzu, K Higashi

    Effective diffusivity for superplastic flow was investigated using a relatively coarse-grained (17 and 30 mum) Mg-Al-Zn alloy. Tensile tests revealed that the strain rate was inversely proportional to the square of the grain size and to the second power of stress. The activation energy was close to that for grain boundary diffusion at low temperatures, and was close to that for lattice diffusion at high temperatures. From the analysis of stress exponent, grain size exponent and activation energy, it was suggested that the dominant diffusion process was influenced by temperature and grain size. It was demonstrated that the notion of effective diffusivity explained the dominant diffusion process.

    TRANS TECH PUBLICATIONS LTD, 2001年, SUPERPLASTICITY IN ADVANCED MATERIALS, ICSAM-2000, 357-3, 147 - 152, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • H. Watanabe, T. Mukai, K. Higashi

    Japan Institute of Light Metals, 2001年, Keikinzoku/Journal of Japan Institute of Light Metals, 51 (10), 503 - 508, 日本語

    [査読有り]

  • Experimental study of structural magnesium alloys with high absorption energy under dynamic loading

    T Mukai, T Aizawa, K Higashi

    Improvement of tensile mechanical properties under dynamic loading is demonstrated for two commercial magnesium alloys. Ductility in magnesium is enhanced by the addition of alloying elements. Further enhancement of ductility can be achieved by the refining grain structures for two commercial magnesium alloys, ZK60 and AZ31. The high ductility of the fine-grained alloy is owing to the absence of macroscopic cracking at mechanical twin boundaries, while the coarse-grained alloy fractured at a smaller strain owing to the stress concentration at twin boundaries. It is noted that the absorption energy per weight in the fine-grained magnesium is twice higher than those of high strength aluminum alloys. It should be expected that the fine-grained alloy exhibits the high speed impact performance during foreign object damage.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, 2001年, FUNDAMENTAL ISSUES AND APPLICATIONS OF SHOCK-WAVE AND HIGH-STRAIN-RATE PHENOMENA, PROCEEDINGS, 37 - 42, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Mechanical properties in structural magnesium alloys under dynamic tensile loading

    T Mukai, K Higashi, K Ishikawa

    Recently, it has been demonstrated that pure Mg exhibits low ductility under dynamic loading at room temperature owing to its HCP structure. Very limited data are currently available for magnesium alloys under dynamic loading. In order to be used for structural components, it is important to know the mechanical properties of magnesium alloys at a dynamic strain rate. It has been reported for some structural magnesium alloys at a quasi-static strain rate that the enhancement of ductility can be achieved by the refining their microstructures. Thus refining microstructure enables to raise the possibility for the development of a structural magnesium alloy with high ductility at a dynamic strain rate. In this study, the tensile mechanical properties of some magnesium alloys are investigated. As a result, it was found that the structural magnesium alloys consisting of fine-grained microstructure exhibited sufficient ductility under dynamic loading. The high ductility of the extruded alloy was owing to the transition in the fracture mechanisms with grain refinement. It should be expected that the alloy exhibits the high speed impact performance during foreign object damage.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, 2001年, IMPACT ENGINEERING AND APPLICATION, VOLS I AND II, 547 - 552, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Influence of strain rate on the tensile mechanical behavior in Pd40Ni40P20 bulk metallic glass

    T Mukai, Y Kawamura, A Inoue, TG Nieh, K Higashi

    Understanding of the dynamic failure mechanism in bulk metallic glass is important for the application of this class of materials to a variety of engineering problems. Limited data are, however, currently available for the dynamic mechanical properties. The purpose of this study is to clarify the influence of strain rate on the tensile strength and fracture behavior. The tensile mechanical behavior of a bulk metallic glass, Pd40Ni40P20, was investigated over a wide strain rate range (1x10(-3) similar to 2.8x10(3) s(-1)). As a result, it was found that the tensile fracture stress of the material was very high (1600 MPa) and was virtually independent of strain rate. Inspection of the specimen fractured at a dynamic strain rate revealed that the present material has a huge amount of the local melt at the fracture surface. Comparing to a simple shear-off surface observed at the strain rate of 1x10(-3) s(-1), the fracture surface at the dynamic strain rate of 2.8x10(3) s(-1) was rough. The rough surface is caused by a simultaneous operation of multiple shear bands. Shear band interaction has limited effect on the plasticity of a bulk metallic glass, but it can improve the fracture toughness.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, 2001年, IMPACT ENGINEERING AND APPLICATION, VOLS I AND II, 577 - 582, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Impact energy absorption affected by the cell size in a closed-cell aluminum foam

    T Mukai, S Nakano, T Miyoshi, K Higashi

    Metallic foams also have a potential for absorbing impact energy and enhancement of the absorption energy can be achieved by the extent of plateau strain and an increase in the plateau stress. In this study, modification of the structure in a closed-cell aluminum foam was performed for the crashworthiness. The edge length of the modified foam is obviously reduced from that of the conventional aluminum foam, while the aspect ratio of the wall thickness against the edge length increases by the present modification. A novel Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar was used to estimate the dynamic compressive properties. As a result of the compression tests at a dynamic strain rate (similar to1 x 10(3) s(-1)), the plateau stress of the modified foam was found to exhibit a remarkable increase as compared to that of a conventional foam without increasing the relative density. It was found that the absorption energy per unit volume (W) of the modified foam was similar to30% higher than that of the conventional foam.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, 2001年, IMPACT ENGINEERING AND APPLICATION, VOLS I AND II, 237 - 242, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Impact energy absorption of metal foam with the controlled microstructure under dynamic loading

    H Kanahashi, T Mukai, Y Yamada, K Shimojima, M Mabuchi, T Aizawa, K Higashi

    Metallic foams are expected to use for the impact energy absorber because of their deformation characteristics where almost constant compressive stress appears in a wide range of strain, well-known as the plateau regime. It is very important to know the strain rate dependence of the plateau stress or the impact energy for applications to a suitable design of automotive components. Limited data are, however, available for the mechanical response of metallic foams under dynamic loading comparing with polymer foams. In this study, the absorbed energy of open-celled aluminum and magnesium foams with the relative density of 0.03 similar to 0.065 is evaluated at a dynamic strain rate similar to 10(3) s(-1) in compression by using the split Hopkinson pressure bar apparatus. In order to investigate the effect of microstructure in the solid metals, solution treatment and aging are performed to all the specimens and then examined for the same strain rates. As a result, plateau stress of all the as-cast metallic foams showed the strain rate dependence in comparison with that at a quasi-static strain rate of 1x10(-3) s(-1), while those of solution treated and aged foams are independent of strain rate. Therefore, it is possible to control the mechanical response of the metallic foams owing to the ductility of base metals as the factor of energy absorption.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, 2001年, FUNDAMENTAL ISSUES AND APPLICATIONS OF SHOCK-WAVE AND HIGH-STRAIN-RATE PHENOMENA, PROCEEDINGS, 361 - 365, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Effects of cell characteristics on the mechanical properties of metal foams

    C.E.Wen, Y.Yamada, K.Shimojima, M.Mabuchi, Y.Chino, T.Asahina, T.Mukai, T.Aizawa, K.Higashi

    2001年, Porc. Materials Week 2000, (2001), CD, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Dynamic loading simulation of open cellular materials

    K.Shimojima, M.Mabuchi, Y.Yamada, C.E.Wen, Y.Chino, M.Nakamura, T.Asahina, T.Mukai, T.Aizawa, K.Higashi

    2001年, Porc. Materials Week 2000, (2001), CD, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Open-cellular magnesium alloy foams – Their production and mechanical proeprties

    C.E.Wen, Y.Yamada, K.Shimojima, M.Mabuchi, Y.Chino, M.Nakamura, T.Asahina, T.Mukai, T.Aizawa, K.Higashi

    2001年, J. Mater. Processing Tech., 117, (2001), CD, 日本語

    [査読有り]

  • H. Watanabe, T. Mukai, K. Ishikawa, T. Mohri, M. Mabuchi, K. Higashi

    Superplastic behavior was examined in fine-grained (∼2 μm) WE43 magnesium alloy, that contained, within its grains, spherical precipitates with a diameter of ∼200 nm. The material exhibited superplasticity with an elongation-to-failure of over 1000% at a temperature of 673 K and a strain rate of 1 × 10-4 s-1. Large elongations were obtained in spite of the existence of particles. The dominant deformation mechanism was suggested to be grain boundary sliding accommodated by slip controlled by grain boundary diffusion. Data analysis based on the constitutive equation for superplastic flow revealed that the normalized strain rate for particle-strengthened WE43 alloy was about fifty times lower than that for conventional superplastic magnesium alloys. It was suggested that the existence of intragranular particles affects the superplastic flow.

    Japan Institute of Metals (JIM), 2001年, Materials Transactions, 42 (1), 157 - 162, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • H Watanabe, H Tsutsui, T Mukai, M Kohzu, S Tanabe, K Higashi

    Deformation behavior of a coarse-grained AZ31 magnesium alloy was investigated at elevated temperatures using commercial rolled sheet. The as-received material had equiaxed grains with an average grain size of 130 mum. The tensile tests revealed that the material exhibited high ductility of 196% at 648 K and 3x10(-5) s(-1). Stress exponent, grain size exponent and activation energy were characterized to clarify the deformation mechanism. It was suggested from the data analysis that the high ductility was attributed to the deformation mechanism of glide-controlled dislocation creep. In addition, constitutive equation was developed for the present alloy. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2001年, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PLASTICITY, 17 (3), 387 - 397, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Routes to Develop Fine-Grained Magnesium Alloys and Composites for High Strain Rate Superplasticity

    T. Mukai, H. Watanabe, T.G. Nieh, K. Higashi

    Superplasticity-Current Status and Future Potential, 2000年12月, Proc. of MRS Fall Meeting, 601, 291 - 302, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • The Development of Cavitation in P/M Al-Zn-Mg Alloy

    T. Hirata, T. Mukai, H. Watanabe, M. Kohzu, S. Tanabe, K. Higashi

    2000年11月, Proc. of 2000 Powder Metallurgy World Congress, Powder Society of Powder Metallurgy, 1100 - 1103, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Superplasticity in a Powder Metallurgy Magnesium Alloy

    H. Watanabe, T. Mukai, K. Ishikawa, Y. Okanda, M. Mabuchi, K. Higashi

    2000年11月, Proc. of 2000 Powder Metallurgy World Congress, Powder Society of Powder Metallurgy, 1073 - 1076, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Application of superplasticity in commercial magnesium alloy for fabrication of structural components

    T Mukai, H Watanabe, K Higashi

    An investigation of the superplastic characteristics of magnesium alloys with several grain sizes revealed that grain boundary sliding took place more easily with grain refinement. The required grain size for high strain rate superplastic forming was estimated to be similar to2 mum. The required grain structure could be obtained by several procedures, hot extrusion with a high extrusion ratio, severe plastic deformation via equal channel angular extrusion, consolidation of machined chip, and/or powder metallurgy processing of rapidly solidified powders, on a laboratory scale. The processing route of hot extrusion was selected in this study. An experimental study of superplastic press forming was conducted for a commercially extruded ZK60 alloy, The fabricated product did not essentially contain macroscopic defects, i,e, cracks or cavities, From an examination of tensile characteristics, it was found that the post-formed alloy exhibited higher strength and higher ductility compared with some conventional cast magnesium alloys, aluminium alloys, and steels, The experimental results support the possibility of using superplastically formed magnesium to produce structural components. MST/4781.

    I O M COMMUNICATIONS LTD INST MATERIALS, 2000年11月, MATERIALS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 16 (11-12), 1314 - 1319, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Processing of cellular magnesium materials

    Y Yamada, K Shimojima, Y Sakaguchi, M Mabuchi, M Nakamura, T Asahina, T Mukai, H Kanahashi, K Higashi

    Especially cellular aluminum materials have been extensively developed and investigated in the recent years But also magnesium is suitable metal for cellular metals due to its low density. By a special casting method open-cellular magnesium with a very low density of 0.05 g/cm(3) is fabricated that shows high potential for usage as energy absorbers.

    WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH, 2000年04月, ADVANCED ENGINEERING MATERIALS, 2 (4), 184 - 187, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Y Yamada, K Shimojima, M Mabuchi, M Nakamura, T Asahina, T Mukai, K Higashi

    The mechanical properties of open-cellular epoxies with a cubic prism structure have been investigated by compressive tests with angles between the beam and the load direction of 0 degrees (90 degrees) and 45 degrees. When the angle was 45 degrees, the stress fluctuated in a plateau region about a roughly constant flow up to a strain of 77%. However, when the angle was 0 degrees (90 degrees), the flow stress changed significantly with the strain passing through a series of peaks. The absorption energy per unit volume was found to be essentially independent of the angle between the beam and the load direction.

    TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2000年04月, PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE LETTERS, 80 (4), 215 - 220, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Effects of heat treatment on compressive properties of AZ91 Mg and SG91A Al foams with open-cell structure

    Y Yamada, K Shimojima, Y Sakaguchi, M Mabuchi, M Nakamura, T Asahina, T Mukai, H Kanahashi, K Higashi

    Compressive properties were investigated for the as-cast and T6 heat-treated AZ91 Mg and SG91A Al foams with open-cell structure. The foams showed an elastic region at an initial stage, then a plateau region with a nearly constant flow stress to a large strain of about 60%, and finally a densification region where the stress increased rapidly. The relative stress of the as-cast foams was higher than that of the T6 foams, taking into consideration the influence of the relative density. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science S.A. All rights reserved.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, 2000年03月, MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, 280 (1), 225 - 228, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Dynamic compression of an ultra-low density aluminium foam

    H Kanahashi, T Mukai, Y Yamada, K Shimojima, M Mabuchi, TG Nieh, K Higashi

    The dynamic compressive behavior of an ultra-low density, open-celled SG91A aluminium foam fabricated by casting technique was investigated at a dynamic strain rate of 1.4 x 10(3) s(-1). It was found that the plateau stress of the SG91A foam exhibited strain rate dependence, in a manner similar to other metallic foams such as AZ91 foam and ALPORAS. In the present study, efforts were made to correlate the plateau stress with the density of different foams, and it was further compared with existing models. II is of interest to note that the absorption energy normalized by the relative density at the dynamic strain rate is similar to 60% higher than that at quasi-static strain rates (similar to 1 x 10(-3) s(-1)). Published by Elsevier Science S.A.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, 2000年03月, MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, 280 (2), 349 - 353, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • H Watanabe, T Mukai, TG Nieh, K Higashi

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2000年01月, SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 42 (3), 249 - 255, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Compressive deformation behavior of Al2O3 foam

    Y Yamada, K Shimojima, M Mabuchi, M Nakamura, T Asahina, T Mukai, H Kanahashi, K Higashi

    Deformation behavior of an Al2O3 foam with an open-cellular structure was investigated by compressive tests. The variation in flow stress with strain was significantly large and there was no densification region. Breakage of the columns is responsible for the large variation in flow stress with strain and no densification region. The relative stress of the Al2O3 foam was lower than the value predicted by Gibson and Ashby. This is probably because of the high degree of cracking in the columns and the presence of partial closed-faces. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science S.A. All rights reserved.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, 2000年01月, MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, 277 (1-2), 213 - 217, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Superplastic behavior in commercial wrought magnesium alloys

    H Watanabe, H Tsutsui, T Mukai, K Ishikawa, Y Okanda, M Kohzu, K Higashi

    Superplastic behavior of five commercial wrought magnesium alloys in as-received condition were examined to grasp the ability of superplastic forming. The materials used in the present study was an AZ31 rolled sheet, an AZ31 extruded rod, an AZ61 rolled sheet, an AZ61 extruded sheet and a ZK60 extruded rod. All the materials have been tested at different temperature and strain rate ranges where their respective superplastic behavior could be obtained. The tensile tests revealed that all the materials exhibited high ductility at about 673 K with elongations-to-failure of over 200%. The results indicated that the commercial wrought magnesium alloys have a potential for superplastic forming. However, strain rate for the maximum elongation was in the range of 10(-4) to 10(-5) s(-1) except ZK60 extruded rod, that exhibited the maximum elongation at a relatively high strain rate of 10(-3) s(-1). Further grain refinement is required to perform high-strain-rate superplastic forming using commercial wrought alloys.

    TRANS TECH PUBLICATIONS LTD, 2000年, MAGNESIUM ALLOYS 2000, 350-3, 171 - 176, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Grain refinement of commercial magnesium alloys for high-strain-rate-superplastic forming

    T Mukai, H Watanabe, K Higashi

    Superplasticity usually occurs when grain size is small, typically less than similar to 10 mum In this study, the deformation mechanisms at elevated temperatures in magnesium alloy with different grain sizes are discussed. From the discussion, the grain requirement for high strain rate superplasticity (10(-2) similar to 10(0) s(-1)) is derived. The strain rate range is chosen because it corresponds to the forming rate in commercial mass-production. Four different processing routes for grain refinement are presented and the developed grain structures are compared. Finally, a fine-grained magnesium alloy fabricated by commercial extrusion route is selected to demonstrate the proposed high strain rate superplastic forming at a strain rate of similar to 10(-2) s(-1).

    TRANS TECH PUBLICATIONS LTD, 2000年, MAGNESIUM ALLOYS 2000, 350-3, 159 - 170, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Ductility enhancement in magnesium alloys under dynamic loading

    T Mukai, M Yamanoi, K Higashi

    Improvement of tensile mechanical properties under dynamic loading is demonstrated for two commercial magnesium alloys. Ductility in magnesium is enhanced by the addition of alloying elements. Further enhancement of ductility can be achieved by the refining grain structures for two commercial magnesium alloys, AZ31 and WE43. The high ductility of the extruded alloy is owing to the transition in the fracture mechanisms from intergranular fracture to transgranular one with grain refinement. It is especially noted that the absorption energy per weight in the fine-grained magnesium is twice higher than that of high strength aluminum alloys. It should be expected that the alloy exhibits the high speed impact performance during foreign object damage.

    TRANS TECH PUBLICATIONS LTD, 2000年, MAGNESIUM ALLOYS 2000, 350-3, 97 - 102, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Compressive properties of open-cellular SG91A Al and AZ91 Mg

    Y Yamada, K Shimojima, Y Sakaguchi, M Mabuchi, M Nakamura, T Asahina, T Mukai, H Kanahashi, K Higashi

    Mechanical properties of open-cellular SG91A Al and AZ91 Mg have been investigated by compressive tests. The strain to densification of the cellular AZ91 Mg was almost the same as that of the cellular SG91A Al, though the AZ91 Mg solid with the relative density of 100% showed much lower ductility than the SG91A Al solid. By compensation with the yield stress of the solid and the relative density, the stress-strain relation of the cellular AZ91 Mg was in agreement with that of the cellular SG91A Al. (C) 1999 Published by Elsevier Science S.A. All rights reserved.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, 1999年11月, MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, 272 (2), 455 - 458, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Experimental Study of the Mechanical Properties at Elevated Temperatures in Commercial Mg-Al-Zn Alloys for Superplastic Forming

    T. Mukai, H. Tsutsui, H. Watanabe, K. Ishikawa, Y. Okanda, M. Kohzu, S. Tanabe, K. Higashi

    1999年10月, Material Science Forum (Proc. of CFEMS-8) Key Engineering Materials, 171-174, 337 - 342, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • High-Strain-Rate-Superplasticity and Fracture Mechanism in a Magnesium-Based Composite

    T. Mukai, H. Watanabe, T.G. Nieh, K. Higashi

    1999年10月, Proc. 6th Japan International SAMPE Symposium, 444 - 447, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Superplasticity at Low Temperatures in a ZK61 Magnesium Alloy Produced by Powder Metallurgy

    H. Watanabe, T. Mukai, K. Ishikawa, Y. Okanda, M. Mabuchi, K. Higashi

    Superplastic behavior of a fine-grained magnesium alloy, ZK61, was investigated at about half the absolute melting point The material was produced by powder metallurgy. The tensile test revealed that the material exhibited superplasticity. The maximum elongation of 659% was obtained at 473 K and 1 x 10(-3) s(-1). Furthermore, it was noted that a large elongation of 283% was attained at a high strain rare of 1 x 10(-2) s(-1). The optimum superplastic strain rate in the present alloy was faster than that in some conventional magnesium alloys, that were shown to exhibit superplasticity at low temperatures. It was suggested that the small grain size increased the optimum superplastic flow in the present alloy.

    TRANSTEC PUBLICATIONS LTD, 1999年10月, Material Science Forum(Proc. of CFEMS-8) Key Engineering Materials, 171-174, 363 - 368, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • T Miyoshi, M Itoh, T Mukai, H Kanahashi, H Kohzu, S Tanabe, K Higashi

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 1999年10月, SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 41 (10), 1055 - 1060, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • H Watanabe, T Mukai, M Kohzu, S Tanabe, K Higashi

    The effect of temperature and grain size on superplastic flow was investigated using a relatively coarse-grained (similar to 20 mu m) Mg-AI-Zn alloy for the inclusive understanding of the dominant diffusion process. Tensile tests revealed that the strain rate was inversely proportional to the square of the grain size and to the second power of stress. The activation energy was close to that for grain boundary diffusion at 523-573 K, and was close to that for lattice diffusion at 598-673 K. From the analysis of the stress exponent, the grain size exponent and activation energy, it was suggested that the dominant diffusion process was influenced by temperature and grain size. It was demonstrated that the notion of effective diffusivity explained the experimental results. (C) 1999 Acta Metallurgica Inc. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 1999年10月, ACTA MATERIALIA, 47 (14), 3753 - 3758, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • H Tsutsui, H Watanabe, T Mukai, M Kohzu, S Tanabe, K Higashi

    Superplastic behavior of a commercial magnesium alloy, AZ61, has been investigated. Tensile tests were carried out at temperatures ranging from 573 to 673 K and strain rates ranging from 10(-5) to 10(-3) s(-1). Superplastic behavior was observed in the low strain rate range and, especially, a maximum elongation-to-failure of 461% was obtained at 648 K at a strain rate of 3 x 10(-5) s(-1). The alloy showed a high strain rate sensitivity exponent of 0.5. Inspection of the specimen surface after deformation revealed direct evidence for grain boundary sliding (GBS). In addition, the distribution of misorientation angles was essentially unchanged during superplastic flow. From these results, it was concluded that the dominant deformation mechanism was GBS.

    JAPAN INST METALS, 1999年09月, MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS JIM, 40 (9), 931 - 934, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Y Yamada, K Shimojima, Y Sakaguchi, M Mabuchi, M Nakamura, T Asahina, T Mukai, H Kanahashi, K Higashi

    KLUWER ACADEMIC PUBL, 1999年09月, JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE LETTERS, 18 (18), 1477 - 1480, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • H Watanabe, T Mukai, M Kohzu, S Tanabe, K Higashi

    Low temperature superplastic behavior of a magnesium alloy, ZK60, was investigated at about half the absolute melting point. The grains were equiaxed with an average size of 6.5 mu m. The tensile tests revealed that the material exhibited low temperature superplasticity (LTSP) with elongation-to-failure of over 400%. Microstructural observations suggested that grain boundary sliding (GBS) made a substantial contribution to the total strain. The stress exponent, grain size exponent and activation energy for superplastic flow were also characterized. The strain rate was inversely proportional to the cube of the grain size and to the second power of stress. The activation energy was close to that for grain boundary diffusion in magnesium. It is suggested that the deformation mechanism for LTSP is GBS accommodated by dislocation movement controlled by grain boundary diffusion.

    JAPAN INST METALS, 1999年08月, MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS JIM, 40 (8), 809 - 814, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • T Mukai, H Kanahashi, Y Yamada, K Shimojima, M Mabuchi, TG Nieh, K Higashi

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 1999年07月, SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 41 (4), 365 - 371, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Processing of Cellular Magnesium Materials

    Y. Yamada, K. Shimojima, Y. Sakaguchi, M. Mabuchi, M. Nakamura, T. Asahina, T. Mukai, H. Kanahashi, K. Higashi

    1999年06月, Metal Foams and Porous Metal Structure, 147 - 152, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Energy Absorption of Light-Weight Metallic Foams under Dynamic Loading

    T. Mukai, H. Kanahashi, K. Higashi, Y. Yamada, K. Shimojima, M. Mabuchi, T. Miyoshi, T.G. Nieh

    1999年06月, Metal Foams and Porous Metal Structure, 353 - 358, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • H Watanabe, T Mukai, M Mabuchi, K Higashi

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 1999年06月, SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 41 (2), 209 - 213, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Evolution in Microstructure and Superplastic Flow at High-Strain-Rate in Dynamically Recrystallized Aluminum Alloy

    T. Hirata, T. Mukai, N. Saito, M. Kohzu, S. Tanabe, K. Higashi

    1999年05月, Proc. of the International Conference on Solid-Solid Phase Transformations '99 (JIMIC-3), 289 - 292, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • T.G. Nieh, T. Mukai, C.T. Liu, J. Wadsworth

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 1999年04月, Scripta Mateialia, 40 (9), 1021 - 1027, 英語, 国際誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • T Mukai, H Kanahashi, T Miyoshi, M Mabuchi, TG Nieh, K Higashi

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 1999年03月, SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 40 (8), 921 - 927, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Low Temperature Superplastic Deformation Characteristics and The Constitutive Equation in ZK60 Magnesium Alloy

    H. Watanabe, T. Mukai, K. Higashi

    1999年01月, Proc. of Plasticity '99 The Seventh International Symposium on Plasticity and its Current Applications, 1049 - 1052, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Grain Boundary Characteristics in Superplastic Al-Zn-Mg Alloy

    T. Mukai, T. Hirata, M.Kohzu, S. Tanabe, K. Higashi

    1999年01月, Proc. of Plasticity '99 The Seventh International Symposium on Plasticity and its Current Applications, 1029 - 1036, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • H Watanabe, T Mukai, K Higashi

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 1999年01月, SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 40 (4), 477 - 484, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Superplastic deformation and viscous flow in an Zr-based metallic glass at 410 degrees C

    TG Nieh, JG Wang, J Wadsworth, T Mukai, CT Liu

    The thermal properties of an amorphous alloy (composition in at.%: Zr-10Al-5Ti-17.9Cu-14.6Ni), and particularly the glass transition and crystallization temperature as a function of heating rate, were characterized using Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC). X-ray diffraction analyses and Transmission Electron Microscopy were also conducted on samples heat-treated at different temperatures for comparison with the DSC results. Superplasticity in the alloy was studied at 410 degrees C, a temperature within the supercooled liquid region. Both single strain rate and strain rate cycling tests in tension were carried out to investigate the deformation behavior of the alloy in the supercooled liquid region. The experimental results indicated that the alloy did not behave like a Newtonian fluid.

    MATERIALS RESEARCH SOCIETY, 1999年, BULK METALLIC GLASSES, 554, 379 - 384, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Low temperature superplastic behavior in ZK60 magnesium alloy

    H Watanabe, T Mukai, K Higashi

    Low temperature superplastic behavior of a magnesium alloy, ZK60, was investigated at about half the absolute melting point. The grains were equiaxed and the average size was 6.5 mu m. The tensile tests revealed that the material exhibited low temperature superplasticity (LTSP) with elongation-to-failure of over 400%. While the experimental variables in the constitutive equation for superplasticity, stress exponent and activation energy, were characterized. The strain rate was proportional to the second power of stress. The activation energy was close to that for grain boundary diffusion in magnesium. It is suggested that the deformation mechanism for LTSP is grain boundary sliding controlled by grain boundary diffusion as well as high temperature superplasticity (HTSP).

    TRANSTEC PUBLICATIONS LTD, 1999年, TOWARDS INNOVATION IN SUPERPLASTICITY II, 304-3, 303 - 308, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Observation of high-strain-rate superplasticity in ZK60 and SiCp/ZK60 composite

    H Watanabe, T Mukai, TG Nieh, K Higashi

    Superplastic properties of a 17vol% SIC particulate-reinforced ZK60 magnesium composite was investigated and compared with those of the unreinforced alloy. It was found that the composite, because of its microstructure, exhibited superplasticity (elongation-to-failure > 400%) at high strain rates (similar to 0.1 s(-1)). In addition, the material showed a high strain rate sensitivity of 0.5 and an activation energy of 81kJ/mol in the superplastic region. The unreinforced alloy also exhibited similar results. Direct comparison of the modulus-compensated stress as a function of diffusion- and grain size-compensated strain rate for two materials revealed that the normalized stress of the composite is similar to that of the unreinforced alloy. Based on these results, it was proposed that the dominant deformation mechanisms of both materials are grain boundary sliding accommodated by a grain boundary diffusion process.

    TRANSTEC PUBLICATIONS LTD, 1999年, TOWARDS INNOVATION IN SUPERPLASTICITY II, 304-3, 297 - 302, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Microstructural dynamics during high-strain-rate superplastic flow in PM 7475 alloy

    T Hirata, T Mukai, N Saito, M Kohzu, S Tanabe, K Higashi

    A 7475 aluminum alloy processed by powder metallurgically (P/M7475) has shown superplastic elongation more than 1000 % at a temperature of 788 K. The maximum elongation of P/M 7475 was recorded near a strain rate of 1x10(-1) s(-1), which is 3 orders magnitude faster than that of ingot metallurgically processed 7475 (I/M7475). This excellent superplastic performance at a higher strain rate is owing to a fine grain size of about 1 mu m developed by dynamic recrystallization at an early stage of superplastic flow. Morphology of grain boundary sliding with straining was inspected by the scanning electronmicroscopy. The contribution of grain boundary sliding was found to be low at an early stage of deformation, but was increasing with deformation. It was found that this trend was corresponding to an increase of misorientation angle by dynamic recrystallization with straining.

    TRANSTEC PUBLICATIONS LTD, 1999年, TOWARDS INNOVATION IN SUPERPLASTICITY II, 304-3, 333 - 338, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Microstructure and superplastic properties in an ECAE Al-4Mg-0.5Sc alloy processed at elevated temperatures

    T Mukai, TG Nieh, H Watanabe, K Higashi

    Equal-channel-angular-extrusion(ECAE) was conducted to an Al-4Mg-0.5Sc alloy at two elevated temperatures of 473 and 673 K. The effect of processing temperature during heavily straining was investigated. Microstructural examinations revealed the formation of fine-grained(similar to 0.5 mu m) structure at a low operating temperature of 473K, whereas: a coarse-grain(similar to 25 mu m) was formed at 673 K. The material processed at 473 K exhibited the lon er flow stress with higher ductility and high strain rate sensitivity of 0.5 indicating the dominant deformation mechanism was grain boundary sliding. Finer grain structure exhibited the high-strain-rate superplasticity can be obtained at the lon:er processing temperature. The results indicate that the operating temperature has highly influenced the ECAE process.

    TRANS TECH PUBLICATIONS LTD, 1999年, TOWARDS INNOVATION IN SUPERPLASTICITY II, 304-3, 109 - 114, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • 渡辺博行, 向井敏司, 石川晧一, 大神田佳平, 高津正秀, 東 健司

    Deformation characteristics at elevated temperatures were examined in an AZ31 magnesium alloy. The as-received bar was extruded for refineing its microstructure. The extruded alloy had equiaxed grains with an average grain size of approx. 5 μm. Tensile test revealed that the material exhibited superplasticity. The maximum elongation of 608% was obtained at a temperature of 598 K and at a strain rate of 1 × 10-4 s-1. Microstructural observations indicated that the dominant deformation process was grain boundary sliding. The strain rate sensitivity exponent in the superplastic region was 0.5 and the activation energy was close to that for grain boundary diffusion in magnesium. Experimental results suggested that the dominant deformation mechanism in AZ31 was grain boundary sliding accommodated by dislocation glide controlled by grain boundary diffusion.

    Japan Inst of Light Metals, 1999年, 軽金属, 49 (8), 401 - 404, 日本語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • T Mukai, T Mohri, M Mabuchi, M Nakamura, K Ishikawa, K Higashi

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 1998年10月, SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 39 (9), 1249 - 1253, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Superplastic Behavior in ZK60 Alloy and its Composite

    T. Mukai, H. Watanabe, T.G. Nieh, K. Higashi

    1998年09月, Magnesium Alloy and Their Applications, DGM, 395 - 400, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Superplastic Behavior of Doubly-Extruded ZK60/SiC/17p Magnesium-Based Composite Over a Wide Range of Temperature

    T. Mukai, T.G. Nieh, H. Watanabe, K.Higashi

    1998年08月, Proc. of The Third Pacific Rim International Conference on Advanced Materials and Processing, 1891 - 1896, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Contribution of Grain Boundary Sliding in Superplastic 7475 Alloys Processed by Powder Metallurgy and Ingot Metallurgy

    T. Hirata, T. Mukai, S. Tanabe, M. Kohzu, K. Higashi

    1998年08月, Proc. of The Third Pacific Rim International Conference on Advanced Materials and Processing, 1765 - 1770, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Mechanical Properties in Al94Cr1Mn3Cu2 Alloy Strengthened by Nano-Quasicrystalline Particles

    H. Kanahashi, T. Mukai, K. Higashi, H. Kimura, A. Inoue, K. Kita

    1998年08月, Proc. of The Third Pacific Rim International Conference on Advanced Materials and Processing, 2091 - 2096, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Y Umakoshi, W Fujitani, T Nakano, A Inoue, K Ohtera, T Mukai, K Higashi

    Plastic deformation, microstructure and deformation substructure in an A1-14 wt% Ni-14 wt% Mm (misch metal) alloy produced from amorphous powders were examined focusing on the effects of the initial average grain size d(0), the grain boundary sliding and the motion of dislocations on the superplasticity. The as-received and annealed specimens with d(0)=0.8, 1.6 and 2.5 mu m deformed at 573 K at an initial strain rate of 1/s. The specimen with d(0)=0.8 mu m showed high-strain-rate superplasticity accompanied by low flow stress and 350% elongation, while the flow stress increased and elongation decreased with greater grain size. Grain refinement occurred and the frequency of small angle boundaries showed a complicated change during superplastic deformation. On the other hand, in the specimen with d(0)=1.6 mu m, the grains coarsened rapidly. A large number of;dislocations were observed in grains even in the superplastically deformed specimen. The high-strain-rate superplasticity of A1-14 wt% Ni-14 wt% Mm alloy is controlled by the grain boundary sliding but the motion of dislocations also plays an important role in accommodating the highly strained region near triple junctions of the grain boundaries. (C) 1998 Acta Metallurgica Inc.. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 1998年08月, ACTA MATERIALIA, 46 (13), 4469 - 4478, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • T Mukai, M Kawazoe, K Higashi

    Microstructure of AA5056 Al-Mg alloy is refined drastically to nano-scale by the equal-channel-angular-extrusion(ECAE) process. Dynamic mechanical properties at room temperature in the ECAE processed 5056 Al-Mg alloy (5056-ECAE) are characterized by a modified Hopkinson-bar method. Yield stress (YS) in 5056-ECAE exhibits remarkably higher value than that of a fully annealed 5056 alloy(5056-O). Hall-Petch(H-P) relation of 5056 alloy is compared with those of a binary Al-Mg alloy and Aluminum. The slope of the H-P relation in the granular 5056 alloy is almost equal to that of a binary Al-Mg alloy with a similar content of magnesium, and larger than that of Aluminum. On the other hand, the slope of the sub-grained alloy exhibits lower value than that of the granular alloy. The result indicates that grains effectively refined by the ECAE process, however, the grain boundary strength of the sub-grained alloy is relatively lower than that of the granular alloy. The elongation-to-failure of 5056-ECAE exhibits a larger value than those of some fine-grained bulk aluminum alloys such as a mechanically alloyed aluminum. Fractography of 5056-ECAE revealed that this alloy was fractured with ductile dimples. The result supports the possibility that this alloy exhibits the high speed impact performance and capability for high-rate forming. (C) 1998 Acta Metallurgica Inc.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 1998年07月, NANOSTRUCTURED MATERIALS, 10 (5), 755 - 765, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Microstructural Dynamics in High-strain-rate Superplastic 7475 Alloy

    T. Hirata, T. Mukai, N. Saito, M. Kohzu, S. Tanabe, K. Higashi

    1998年06月, The Joint Commitee for Advanced Materials Research, 466 - 469, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Grain-Size Dependence of Low Temperature Superplastic Behavior in ZK60 Magnesium Alloy

    H. Watanabe, T. Mukai, K. Higashi

    1998年06月, Proc. of The Special Symposium on Advanced Materials, 458 - 461, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Dynamic Mechanical Properties of Fine-Grained Bulk Aluminum Alloys

    T. Mukai, M. Kawazoe, K. Higashi

    1998年06月, Proc. of The Special Symposium on Advanced Materials, 450 - 453, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Strain-rate dependence of mechanical properties in AA5056 Al-Mg alloy processed by equal-channel-angular-extrusion

    T Mukai, M Kawazoe, K Higashi

    Microstructure of AA5056 Al-Mg alloy is refined dramatically by the equal-channel-angular-extrusion (ECAE) process. Tensile properties at room temperature in the ECAE-processed 5056 Al-Mg alloy (5056-ECAE) are characterized as a function of strain rate. Total elongation of 5056-ECAE increases with strain rate in the same way as some fully annealed Al-Mg alloys, and the result supports the possibility of using the alloy for high-rate forming. Yield stress (YS) and ultimate tensile strength (UTS) in 5056-ECAE exhibit remarkably higher values than those of the fully annealed 5056 alloy (5056-O). UTS of 5056-ECAE is almost independent of strain rate below the strain rate of 6.5 x 10(2) s(-1); compared.with 5056-O. Change in the strain rate sensitivity of UTS may be caused by the difference in the interaction between solute atoms and dislocations. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science S.A. All rights reserved.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, 1998年06月, MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, A247 (1-2), 270 - 274, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Ductility and Cavitation at Elevated Temperatures in a Superplastic ZK60-Based Composite

    T. Mukai, T.G. Nieh, K. Higashi

    1998年02月, Superplasticity and Superplastic Forming, 313 - 319, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Low Temperature Superplastic-Like Behavior of ZK60 Magnesium Alloy

    H. Watanabe, T. Mukai, K. Higashi

    1998年02月, Superplasticity and Superplastic Forming, 179 - 186, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • T Mukai, TG Nieh, H Iwasaki, K Higashi

    Superplasticity in a doubly extruded magnesium based composite, ZK60 reinforced with 17 vol-%SiC particles, was investigated. The influences of strain rate on the flow stress and elongation in the composite were characterised. It was found that the composite exhibited superplasticity (elongation > 400%) at high strain sates (similar to 0.1 s(-1)). In addition, the material showed a high strain rate sensitivity of 0.5 and an activation energy of 81 kJ mol(-1) in the superplastic region. Based upon these results, it was proposed that the dominant deformation mechanism is gain boundary sliding accommodated by a grain boundary diffusion process. A comparison of the superplastic behaviour was also made between the doubly extruded and singly extruded composites. (C) 1998 The Institute of Materials.

    INST MATERIALS, 1998年01月, MATERIALS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 14 (1), 32 - 35, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Size-effect of reinforcement on the dynamic tensile properties in aluminum-based composite

    T.Mukai, K.Ishikawa, M.Mabuchi, K.Higashi

    1998年, Proc. The First Asian-Australasian Conference on Comosites Materials (ACCM-1), (1998), 529/1-4, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • T Mukai, H Watanabe, K Higashi

    Mechanical alloying (MA) of solid solution strengthened Al-Mg-Li alloys can add additional strengthening via oxide and carbide dispersoids with 5 similar to 30 nanometer in size, and produce fine grains with sub-micron size. In this process, a large amount of non-equilibrium structural defects are introduced, which can significantly affect the mechanical properties of fine grained materials. For example, these materials have been shown to exhibit superplasticity at very high strain rates at moderate temperatures. Very limited data are available for the effect of grain size in MA materials. Therefore, mechanically-allayed Al-Mg-Li alloy with a grain size of 1.9 mu m was prepared by superplastic extrusion, and its strength compared with fine-grained material with grain size of 0.4 mu m. As a result, at an elevated temperature of 823 K, the strength of the fine grained alloy is lower than that of a coarse-grained one, and its ductility is higher. This result is expected owing to the occurrence of grain boundary sliding in the fine grained alloy. (C) 1998 Acta Metallurgica Inc.

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 1997年12月, NANOSTRUCTURED MATERIALS, 8 (8), 1067 - 1075, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • High Strain Rate Superplasticity and its Applications

    M.Mabuchi, H.Iwasaki, T. Mukai, K.Higashi

    1997年10月, Proc. of The 8th International Conference on Adoptive Structures and Technology, 84 - 90, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Ductility Enhancement at Elevated Temperatures in a ZK60-based Composite

    T. Mukai, T.G. Nieh, K. Higashi

    1997年09月, Mater. Sic. Forum, 233/234, 261 - 268, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • S Fujino, N Kuroishi, M Yoshino, T Mukai, Y Okanda, K Higashi

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 1997年09月, SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 37 (5), 673 - 678, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Superplastic Behavior of ZK60 Magnesium Alloy in a Wide Range of Temperature

    H. Watanabe, T. Mukai, K. Ishikawa, Y. Okanda, H. Iwasaki, K. Higahsi

    1997年08月, Proc. of IMSP '97, 141 - 148, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Post Deformed Mechanical Properties and Microstructures in a Superplastically-Extruded in 905XL Alloy

    T.Mukai, K.Ishikawa, K.Higashi

    1997年05月, Rex'96 the third International Conference on Recrystallization and Related Phenomena, 529 - 536, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • M. Kawazoe, T. Shibata, T. Mukai, K. Higashi

    Elsevier Ltd, 1997年03月15日, Scripta Materialia, 36 (6), 699 - 705, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Superplastic characteristics in a doubly-extruded ZK60/SiC/17p magnesium-based composite

    T Mukai, TG Nieh, K Higashi

    A fine-grained (similar to 1.7 mu m) magnesium-based composite, ZK60/SiC/17p, is shown to behave superplastically in a wide range of temperature. The influences of strain rate on the flow stress and elongation in the composite were characterized. It was found that the composite exhibited superplasticity (elongation > 300%) in a wide range of temperature (463 similar to 773 K). In addition, the material showed a high strain rate sensitivity of 0.5 and an activation energy of 81 kJ/mol at high strain rates (similar to 0.1 s(-1)) and at relatively high temperatures. Based upon these results, it was proposed that the dominant deformation mechanism is grain-boundary sliding accommodated by a grain-boundary diffusion process at high temperatures. Datum at a low temperature of 463 K (=0.5 Tm), however, does not fall on the liner function of the Arrhenius plot for the high temperature region. This indicates that the deformation mechanism at low temperatures is provably different form that at high temperatures.

    TRANS TECH PUBLICATIONS LTD, 1997年, SUPERPLASTICITY IN ADVANCED MATERIALS - ICSAM-97, 243-2, 321 - 326, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Observation of superplasticity in a magnesium-based ZK60/SiC/17p composite at a low temperature

    T Mukai, TG Nieh, K Higashi

    Superplasticity was normally observed at relatively low strain rates (< 10(-3) s(-1)) and at temperatures above 0.5T(m),, where T-m, is the melting point of the material. Recent advances in material processing have resulted in the development of superplasticity at high strain rates (greater than or equal to 0.1 s(-1)) and low temperatures in materials with submicron-sized grains. Low temperature superplasticity, although often occurs at low strain rates, has many advantages over superplasticity at high temperatures. Recently, a fine-grained (similar to 1.7 mu m) magnesium-based composite (ZK60/SiC/17p) produced by PIM methods was shown to exhibit high strain rate superplasticity at about 623K, which corresponds to 0.67T(m), where T-m is the absolute melting point. In the present paper, we demonstrate that ZK60/SiC/17p composite also behaves in a superplastic manner at a low temperature (less than or equal to 0.5T(m)). The strain rate sensitivity, m, is measured to be 0.38. The examination of fractured specimens, however, indicates the occurrence of grain boundary sliding. A possible deformation mechanism at 463K is discussed.

    MINERALS, METALS & MATERIALS SOC, 1997年, THERMEC '97 - INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON THERMOMECHANICAL PROCESSING OF STEELS AND OTHER MATERIALS, VOLS I-II, 1847 - 1852, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Microstructure evolution during high-strain-rate superplastic flow in Al-Ni-misch metal alloy produced from amorphous powders

    Y Umakoshi, W Fujitani, T Nakano, A Inoue, K Ohtera, T Mukai, K Higashi

    Changes in microstructure and deformation substructure in Al-14mass%Ni-14mass%misch metal alloy produced from amorphous powders were investigated during superplastic deformation at a high-strain-rate of 1s(-1) at 873K. Grain refinement occurred and the frequency of small angle boundaries increased in superplastically deformed specimens. Dynamic recovery and recrystallization occurred. Dislocations were observed in grains and were annihilated at grain boundaries during superplastic deformation. High-strain-rate superplasticity was mainly controlled by grain boundary sliding. Dislocations played an important role in the accommodation of residual stress induced by the grain boundary sliding. Small precipitates of Al(3)Mm and Al3Ni effectivaly suppressed the grain growth during annealing and acted as nucleation and/or annihilation sites of dislocations.

    MINERALS, METALS & MATERIALS SOC, 1997年, THERMEC '97 - INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON THERMOMECHANICAL PROCESSING OF STEELS AND OTHER MATERIALS, VOLS I-II, 1983 - 1989, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Grain Size Dependence on the Dynamic Characteristics in a Mechanically Alloyed IN905XL Alloy

    T. Mukai, K. Ishikawa, Y. Okanda, K. Higashi

    1996年02月, Mater. Sci. Forum, 204-206, 479 - 484, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • K Higashi, T Mukai, A Uoya, A Inoue, T Masumoto

    The deformation mechanisms of a fine grained Al-14 mass%Ni-14 mass%Mm [Mm=misch metal] crystalline alloy consolidated from its amorphous powders have been discussed from the mechanical data examined previously at strain-rates between 10(-3) and 100 s(-1) at temperatures from 773 to 898 K. This alloy exhibits superplasticity at unusually high strain rates of nearly 1 s(-1) in the temperature range from 848 to 885 K, which is close to the measured melting point. By incorporation of the temperature dependence of grain size, threshold stress and shear modulus into the constitutive equation, the activation energy is found to be 158 kJ mol(-1) at temperatures below the melting point. In the temperature range above the melting point, however, the activation energy is very large at more than 350 kJ mol(-1). This activation energy in the temperature range below the melting point is similar to that for lattice self-diffusion of aluminum, and all mechanical data in these temperatures ranges can be represented by a single equation. It is postulated that superplastic flow in the Al-Ni-Mm crystalline alloy is controlled by a grain boundary sliding mechanism accommodated by dislocation climb controlled by lattice self-diffusion at the solid state, and in the temperature range higher than the melting point is accommodated by the liquid phase at grain boundaries and/or interfaces. The further deformation mechanisms in high strain rate superplasticity should take the phase state of liquid and solid into account.

    JAPAN INST METALS, 1995年12月, MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS JIM, 36 (12), 1467 - 1475, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • T Mukai, K Ishikawa, K Higashi

    Fine-grained IN905XL aluminum alloys with five grain sizes between 0.8 and 8.1 mu m have been developed by a combination of mechanical alloying and conventional extrusion in order to investigate the influence of the strain rate on the mechanical properties. Negative strain rate sensitivity of how stress is observed up to 10 s(-1) for all samples. Above the strain rate of 1 x 10(3) s(-1), however, all samples show the positive strain rate sensitivity of strength. Total elongation at high strain rates is generally larger than that at low strain rates. Flow stresses increase with decreasing grain size for ail strain rates. The measured values of strength of the coarse grained IN905XL with sizes above 4.3 mu m agree with the values estimated from a cooperation of the strengthening by the grain size refinement, magnesium solute atoms and oxides and carbides dispersion. In the Hall-Fetch relations at high strain rates, the gradient of the curve increases with increasing reciprocal square root of the grain size. For fine-grained samples, therefore, an additional strengthening mechanism should be considered such as the difference in the characteristics of the boundary.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA LAUSANNE, 1995年12月, MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, A204 (1-2), 12 - 18, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Strength and Formability in Aluminum Alloys Produced by Mechanical Alloying

    T. Mukai, K. Higashi

    1995年11月, Net Shape Processing of Powder Materials, AMD, ASME, 216, 99 - 107, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • T MUKAI, K ISHIKAWA, K HIGASHI

    Three IN905XL aluminum alloys with fine grain (1 mu m), intermediate grain (3 mu m), and coarse grain (5 mu m) have been developed by a combination of mechanical alloying (MA) and conventional extrusion in order to investigate their mechanical properties at dynamic strain rates of 1 X 10(3) and 2 X 10(3) s(-1) and a quasi-static strain rate of 10(-3) s(-1). Flow stresses are found to increase with decreasing grain size for all the strain rates tested. Negative strain-rate sensitivity of flow stress is observed up to 1 X 10(3) s(-1) in both intermediate- and coarse-grained IN905XL. At the highest strain rate of 2 x 10(3) s(-1), however, all samples showed a positive strain-rate sensitivity of strength. Total elongation at high strain rates is generally larger than that at low strain rates. Total elongation also decreases with grain size for all the strain rates. This decrease in elongation results from an initiation of microcracks at interfaces between the matrix and pal-tides finely dispersed near grain boundary regions, introduced during MA processing; then, this initiation leads elongation of alloys to small limited values.

    SPRINGER, 1995年10月, METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A-PHYSICAL METALLURGY AND MATERIALS SCIENCE, 26A (10), 2521 - 2526, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Deformation Behavior at Very High Strain Rates in a 17 vol% SiC/ZK60 Composite

    T. Mukai, T.G. Nieh, K. Higashi

    1995年08月, Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference Composite Materials, ICCM-10, vol. II: Metal Matrix Composites, 799 - 806, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Influence of Strain Rate on the Mechanical Properties in a Magnesium-base Composite

    T. Mukai, T.G. Nieh, K. Higashi

    1995年07月, Proceedings of the 1995 International Conference on Metallurgical and Materials Applications of Shock-Wave and High-Strain-Rate Phenomena (EXPLOMET'95), 885 - 891, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Dynamic Deformation Characteristics in Mg-Li Binary alloys

    T Mukai, K Ishikawa, Y Okanda, M Mabuchi, K. Kubota, K Higashi

    MINERALS, METALS & MATERIALS SOC, 1995年02月, Light Weight Alloys for Aerospace Applications III, 483 - 492, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • K HIGASHI, T OKADA, T MUKAI, S TANIMURA, TG NIEH, J WADSWORTH

    Very high strain rate (also known as positive exponent) superplasticity in three mechanically alloyed IN9021, IN9052 and IN905XL aluminum alloys has been characterized over a wide range of strain rates between 10(-3) to 300 s(-1) in air at temperatures from 698 to 873 K. The temperature dependence of how stress, elongation and strain rate sensitivity exponent (m value) reveals that optimum superplasticity might occur at temperatures close to or above the melting point of each alloy. The presence of a liquid phase, resulting from the low melting point regions, as a result of solute segregation by mechanical alloying, is responsible for the observed positive exponent superplasticity. It is proposed that superplastic how at high strain rates is controlled by a grain boundary sliding mechanism accommodated with relaxing the stress concentration by isolated liquid phases at grain boundaries. Mechanically alloyed processing is a powerful method to produce the desired microstructures with not only fine grain size but also optimizing segregation in solute along boundaries, required for positive exponent superplasticity in aluminum alloys.

    JAPAN INST METALS, 1995年02月, MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS JIM, 36 (2), 317 - 322, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Toshiji Mukai, Kenji Higashi, Atsumichi Kushibe, Shinji Tanimura, Mamoru Mabuchi

    The compressive behaviors at strain rates from 4×10-6 to 1×10-2 s-1 at temperatures from 1373 to 1448 K were characterized to investigate the influence of grain size for powder metallurgically processed TiAl intermetallics with fine grained structures of about 18 μm in size and ingot metallurgically processed TiAl with coarse grained structures of about 380 μm. For coarse and fine grained intermetallics of TiAl at higher stresses, stress exponent of about 4 is found and the rate controlling deformation may be a diffusion controlled dislocation process. At intermediate stresses for the fine grained TiAl, a stress exponent of about 2 is found, and the rate controlling deformation is proposed to be grain boundary sliding. In two different grained intermetallics, furthermore, the measured activation energy from 343 to 370 kJ/mol is obtained. © 1995, Japan Society of Powder and Powder Metallurgy. All rights reserved.

    1995年, Journal of the Japan Society of Powder and Powder Metallurgy, 42 (2), 259 - 263, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Toshiji Mukai, Koichi Ishikawa, Yoshihira Okanda, Kenji Higashi

    Fine grained IN905XL aluminum alloys with five grain sizes between 0.8 and 8.1 μm have been developed by a combination of the mechanical alloying method and a conventional extrusion process in order to investigate the tensile properties at a dynamic strain rate of 2×103 s-1 and a quasi-static strain rate of 1×10-3 s-1. Total elongation at dynamic strain rates is generally larger than that at quasi-static strain rate. Total elongation also decreases with grain size for both strain rates. From an observation with scanning electron microscope (SEM), this trend is due to an initiation of micro-crack at the interface between the matrix and particles finely dispersed near grain boundary region, introduced during mechanically alloying processing, then leads elongation of alloys to small limited values. © 1995, Japan Society of Powder and Powder Metallurgy. All rights reserved.

    1995年, Journal of the Japan Society of Powder and Powder Metallurgy, 42 (2), 180 - 184, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • K HIGASHI, A UOYA, T MUKAI, S TANIMURA, A INOUE, T MASUMOTO, K OHTERA

    The Al-14wt.%Ni-14wt.%Mm (Mm = misch metal) alloy and the Al-14.8wt.%Ni-6.6wt%Mn-2.3wt.%Zr alloy have been produced by a high pressure gas atomization technique and a powder metallurgy method. Both alloys have a finely mixed structure consisting of aluminium phase and intermetallic compounds homogeneously embedded in the ultrafine-grained aluminium matrix. At room temperature, both alloys exhibit high tensile strength exceeding 800 MPa and at high temperature, nearly 873 K, high strain rate superplasticity is observed. In particular, a maximum elongation of 600% is obtained at a high temperature of 873 K at a constant strain rate of 1 s-1 in Al-Ni-Mm-Zr alloy. This strain rate is many orders of magnitude higher than those for typical commercial superplastic alloys. Both the grain size refinement of the aluminium matrix and the dispersion of intermetallic compounds are interpreted as contributing to the achievement of the ultrahigh tensile strength at room temperature and high strain rate superplasticity at high temperatures near 873 K.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, 1994年05月, MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, 181, 1068 - 1071, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • K HIGASHI, T MUKAI, S TANIMURA, A INOUE, T MASUMOTO, A UOYA, K OHTERA

    The tensile behaviours of an Al-14wt.%Ni-14wt.%Mm (Mm = misch metal) crystalline alloy consolidated from its amorphous powders was characterized at strain rates between 10(-3) and 100 s-1 at temperatures from 773 to 898 K. This alloy exhibited superplasticity at unusually high strain rates of nearly 1 s-1 in a temperature range from 848 to 885 K. A maximum elongation of about 650% was obtained at a constant strain rate of 1 s-1 at a very high temperature of 885 K, which was close to or lower than the melting point. The microstructure of the Al-Ni-Mm crystalline alloy annealed in the optimum superplastic temperature range consists of grains with a mean size of about 1-2 mum and fine particulates a size of about 1.2 mum and a high volume fraction of about 40%. By incorporation of the temperature dependence of grain size and shear modulus into the constitutive equation, the stress exponent and the activation energy were found to be 2 and 421 kJ mol-1 respectively. It is postulated that superplastic flow in the Al-Ni-Mn crystalline alloy is controlled by a grain boundary sliding mechanism, but the accommodation process remained unclear.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, 1994年05月, MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, 181, 1064 - 1067, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • INFLUENCE OF THE MAGNESIUM CONCENTRATION ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FRACTURE MECHANISM AND STRAIN RATE IN HIGH PURITY AL-MG ALLOYS

    T MUKAI, K HIGASHI, S TANIMURA

    In order to clarify the influence of magnesium atomic concentration in the solute on interaction with dislocations, Al-Mg binary alloys with various magnesium contents from 1.8 wt.% to 8.4 wt.% and aluminium in high purity were prepared. Furthermore, the influence of magnesium concentration on the fracture mechanism of these alloys has been investigated in the wide strain rate range from 1 x 10(-4) to 2 x 10(3) s(-1) at room temperature. Total elongations of prepared materials are larger at high strain rates. We suggest models of void nucleations, which are valuable for strain rates and concentrations of magnesium. Fractographs obtained by scanning electron microscopy observation revealed that the voids are very close together in alloys with high magnesium content, while void growth occurs to give a large ductile dimple failure in alloys with low magnesium content as the failure progresses. Large total elongations at high strain rates are caused by the change in the mode of void growth.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA LAUSANNE, 1994年03月, MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, A176 (1-2), 181 - 189, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • 向井敏司, 東 健司, 平野清一, 谷村眞治

    1993年10月, 日本機械学会論文集(A編), 59 (566), 2356 - 2361, 日本語, 国内誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • 向井敏司, 東 健司, 松田眞一, 谷村眞治

    1993年10月, 日本機械学会論文集(A編), 59 (566), 2350 - 2355, 日本語, 国内誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • 向井敏司, 東健司, 谷村眞治

    1993年05月, 日本機械学会論文集, A編, 59 (561), 1208 - 1212, 日本語, 国内誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • K HIGASHI, T MUKAI, S TANIMURA, A INOUE, T MASUMOTO, K OHTERA

    A new aluminium-based crystalline alloy, Al-14wt.%Ni-14wt.%Mm (Mm, misch metal), was prepared by warm consolidation of its amorphous powders. The as-extruded Al-Ni-Mm crystalline alloy had both an ultra fine-grained (70 nm) structure and a uniform distribution of very fine particulates (Al3Mm and Al3Ni) of size 70 nm. This alloy, without requiring any subsequent thermomechanical treatment, was found to behave in a superplastic manner at very high strain rates of about 1 s-1 at test temperatures of about 873 K.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA LAUSANNE, 1993年03月, JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, 193 (1-2), 29 - 32, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • 実用アルミニウム合金の引張変形挙動に及ぼすひずみ速度の影響

    向井 敏司, 東 健司, 土田 信, 谷村 眞治

    1993年, 軽金属, 43 (5), 252 - 257, 日本語

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • 東 健司, 向井敏司, 谷村眞治

    Mechanical properties at high strain rates were investigated by considering the specific strengthening mechanisms involving the effects of grain size, solid solution and second phase particles. Aluminum and its alloys were tested in tension or compression at strain-rates between 10-5 and 2000 S-1 at room temperature. The conclusions were as follows: (1) Aluminum tested at high strain rates could not exhibit strengthening due to grain size refinement according to the well known Hall-petch equation. (2) Solutes such as magnesium were able to increase the yield stress of aluminum at high strain rates. The yield stresses at high strain rates for Al-Mg alleys increased with magnesium addition, but the variation in strengthening rate with an additional content of magnesium was almost similar to that at low strain rates. (3) The treatment of strengthening by the second phase particles was clearly valid to improve the yield stress of Al-Mg-Si alloys at high strain rates. Basically, a decrease in the mean spacing between the second phase particles led the yield stress at high strain rates to be high, It was suggested that an optimum control in distribution of second phase particles was the most valid way for an improvement of the yield stress at high strain rates comparing with oher strengthening methods. © 1993, The Society of Materials Science, Japan. All rights reserved.

    1993年, 材料, 42 (483), 1414 - 1419, 英語, 国内誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • 向井敏司, 東 健司, 土田 信, 谷村眞治

    The stress and ductility of some commercial aluminum alloys (1050, 3003, 3004 and 5182) have been investigated as a function of strain rate over the range from 1-301 to 1-304 at room temperature. The nominal stresses at a strain of ε=0.105 for both 1050 and 3003 alloys increase with increasing strain rate, but the nominal stresses for both 3004and 5182 alloys decrease with increasing strain rate in the low and intermediate ranges from 1-10-3 to 1-201s. The alloys showing the above negative strain rate sensitivity of stress in this strain rate range contain magnesium atoms insolute. Therefore, this behavior of stress in these alloys is possibly related to the interaction between magnesium atomsin solute and dislocations. Uniform elongations of alloys except a 1050 alloy show the maximum values in an intermediate strain rate range. Total elongations increase with increasing strain rate for all alloys investigated. © 1993, The Japan Institute of Light Metals. All rights reserved.

    1993年, 軽金属, 43 (5), 252 - 257, 英語, 国内誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Kenji Higashi, Takaya Okada, Toshiji Mukai, Shinji Tanimura

    High strain-rate superplasticity was obtained in the mechanically alloyed aluminum IN905XL alloy. Introducing a threshold stress into the rate equation, the true values of n and Q established. It is postulated that superplastic flow in the IN905XL alloy is controlled by a grain boundary sliding mechanism accommodated by dislocation climb or glide controlled by grain boundary diffusion. © 1993, Japan Society of Powder and Powder Metallurgy. All rights reserved.

    1993年, Journal of the Japan Society of Powder and Powder Metallurgy, 40 (3), 337 - 340, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • K HIGASHI, T OKADA, T MUKAI, S TANIMURA

    A mechanically alloyed IN9052 aluminum alloy with an ultra-fine grained structure is characterized at three temperatures of 773, 848 and 863 K and over a strain rate range from 1 X 10(-3) to 100 s-1. The maximum elongation of 330% was obtained at an extremely high strain rate of 10 s-1 at 863 K. In the high strain rate range, where superplasticity was found, a relatively high strain rate sensitivity of more than 0.3 (n = 3) was obtained.

    ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA LAUSANNE, 1992年12月, MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, 159 (1), L1 - L4, 英語

    [査読有り]

  • HIGH TEMPERATURE PROPERTIES AT HIGH STRAIN-RATES IN NEAR-NANO SCALE MATERIALS

    K.Higashi, T.Okada, T.Mukai, S.Tanimura

    1992年11月, International Symposium on Impact Engineering, 1, 115 - 120, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • High Temperature Deformation Characteristics of Extruded 2090 Aluminum-Lithium Alloys in a Wide Range of Strain-Rate

    K.Higashi, T,Nakamura, T.Mukai, S.Tanimura

    1992年06月, Proc. of Aluminum-Lithium, 1111 - 1116, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Positive Exponent Strain-Rate Superplasticity in Mechanically Alloyed Aluminum IN905XL

    K.Higashi, T.Okada, T.Mukai, S.Tanimura

    1992年06月, Proc. of Aluminum-Lithium, 1081 - 1086, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Microstructure Control for High Strain-rate Superplasticity in Aluminum-based Alloys

    K.Higashi, T.Mukai, S.Tanimura, A.Inoue, T.Masumoto, K.Ohtera

    1992年06月, The 8th International Congress on Heat Treatment of Materials, Heat & Surface '92, 231 - 234, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • K HIGASHI, T OKADA, T MUKAI, S TANIMURA

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 1992年03月, SCRIPTA METALLURGICA ET MATERIALIA, 26 (5), 761 - 766, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • K HIGASHI, T OKADA, T MUKAI, S TANIMURA, TG NIEH, J WADSWORTH

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 1992年01月, SCRIPTA METALLURGICA ET MATERIALIA, 26 (2), 185 - 190, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • K HIGASHI, T MUKAI, S TANIMURA, A INOUE, T MASUMOTO, K KITA, K OHTERA, J NAGAHORA

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 1992年01月, SCRIPTA METALLURGICA ET MATERIALIA, 26 (2), 191 - 196, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • K HIGASHI, T OKADA, T MUKAI, S TANIMURA

    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 1991年09月, SCRIPTA METALLURGICA ET MATERIALIA, 25 (9), 2053 - 2057, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Influence of temperature on stability of high strain rate deformation in some commercial aluminum alloys

    K.Higashi, T.Mukai, K.Kaizu, S.Tsuchida, S.Tanimura

    1991年07月, Proc. of ICM 6, 307 - 312, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • POSITIVE EXPONENT STRAIN-RATE SUPERPLASTICITY IN MECHANICALLY ALLOYED ALUMINUM

    K.Higashi, T.Mukai, K.Kaizu, S.Tsuchida, S.Tanimura

    1991年06月, Superplasticity in Advanced Materials, 569 - 574, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • THE MICROSTRUCTURAL EVOLUTION DURING DEFORMATION UNDER SEVERAL STRAIN RATES IN A COMMERCIAL 5182 ALUMINUM ALLOY

    K. Higashi, T. Mukai, K. Kaizu, S. Tsuchida, S.Tanimura

    1991年01月, Journal de physique, IV, Colloque C3, Suppl. au Journal de Physique III, 1 (C3), 347 - 352, 英語, 国際誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • STRAIN RATE DEPENDENCE ON MECHANICAL PROPERTIES IN SOME COMMERCIAL ALUMINUM ALLOYS

    K. Higashi, T. Mukai, K. Kaizu, S. Tsuchida, S.Tanimura

    1991年01月, Journal de physique, IV, Colloque C3, Suppl. au Journal de Physique III, 1 (C3), 341 - 346, 英語, 国際誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • 実用アルミニウム合金の高速変形特性

    東 健司, 向井敏司, 海津浩一, 土田信, 谷村眞治

    1990年12月, 材料, 39 (447), 1619 - 1624, 日本語, 国内誌

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Kenji Higashi, Kouichi Kaizu, Shinji Tanimura, Toshiji Mukai, Shin Tsuchida

    High strain-rate deformation characteristics in some commercial aluminium alloys, or 1050, 3003, 3004, 5182 and 7N01 alloys, have been investigated at high strain rate over 103S-1. The main conclusions are summarized as follows (1) The strain-rate sensitivity of flow stress in all commercial aluminium alloys has been observed in the high strain rate range. (2) Three types in typical change of ductility with strain rate have been observed in the high strain rate range the first is that little change in ductility over strain rate as both 1050 and 7N01 alloys, the second is that ductility increases with strain rate as both 3003 and 3004 alloys, and the last is that ductility decreases with strain rate as 5182 alloy. (3) The alloys, that show larger ductility in the high strain rate range than that in the low strain rate range, are both 3003 and 3004 alloys, but both alloys of 5182 and 7N01 show lower ductility in the high strain rate range than in the low strain rate range, and 1050 alloy shows no change in ductility. (4) In commercial aluminium alloys, it is clear that one of the requirements to obtain larger ductility in the high strain rate range is an increasing value of strain rate sensitivity exponent m with strain. © 1990, The Society of Materials Science, Japan. All rights reserved.

    1990年, Journal of the Society of Materials Science, Japan, 39 (447), 1619 - 1624, 英語

    [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Influence of Strain Rate and Temperature on the Flow Stress and Ductility of Some Commercial Aluminum Alloys

    S. Tanimura, K. Higashi, T. Mukai, K. Kaizu

    1989年07月, ADVANCES IN PLASTICITY, 421 - 424, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • Dynamic Flow Stress at Low Temperatures of 304N and 316L Stainless Steels

    S. Tanimura, K. Ishikawa, T. Mukai, K. Higashi

    1989年07月, ADVANCES IN PLASTICITY, 425 - 428, 英語, 国際誌

    研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

  • 染川 英俊, 向井 敏司

    Magnesium alloys have great potential for use as structural materials since they are the lightest of all structural alloys in use. In order to use magnesium alloys in structural applications, it is important to ensure that their mechanical properties satisfy both reliability and safety requirements. One of the methods of ensuring that is to investigate the fracture toughness. However, the value of fracture toughness in magnesium alloys has been generally reported to be much lower than that in aluminum alloys. In this study, commercial Mg-Al-Zn alloys having different grain sizes, which were produced by hot extrusion, were used to examine the fracture toughness and deformed microstructures, i.e., after fracture toughness tested samples. The lower fracture toughness of magnesium alloy was related to the formation of deformation twins during fracture toughness tests.

    一般社団法人日本機械学会, 2007年, 年次大会講演論文集, 2007, 325 - 326, 日本語

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    池尾直子, 中野貴由, 向井敏司, 向井敏司

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    干場太一, 山口正剛, 池尾直子, 向井敏司

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    馬場鷹人, 前田智也, 前田智也, 山口正剛, 池尾直子, 向井敏司

    2018年, 軽金属学会大会講演概要, 134th

  • マグネシウムの生体内分解性に及ぼす溶質元素添加の影響

    干場太一, 山口正剛, 池尾直子, 向井敏司

    2018年, 軽金属学会大会講演概要, 135th

  • マグネシウムの粒界強度および塑性異方性に対するマンガンの添加効果

    五枝龍太郎, 山口正剛, 池尾直子, 向井敏司

    2018年, 日本金属学会講演概要(CD-ROM), 163rd

  • マグネシウム合金の粒界強度および塑性異方性に対する溶質元素添加の効果

    五枝龍太郎, 干場太一, 山口正剛, 池尾直子, 向井敏司

    2018年, 日本金属学会講演概要(CD-ROM), 162nd

  • 生体内分解性Mg-Ca合金の異方性改善に対する第三元素の添加効果

    宮居秀地, 山口正剛, 池尾直子, 向井敏司

    2017年, 日本金属学会講演概要(CD-ROM), 161st

  • マグネシウム合金の衝撃破壊靭性に対する溶質元素添加の効果

    干場太一, 川智明, 川智明, 山口正剛, 池尾直子, 向井敏司

    2017年, 日本金属学会講演概要(CD-ROM), 160th

  • 亜鉛の生体内分解性に及ぼす元素添加効果

    漆谷建治, 山口正剛, 池尾直子, 向井敏司

    2017年, 日本金属学会講演概要(CD-ROM), 161st

  • Mg-Ca合金の転位すべりおよび粒界強化効果に及ぼす第三元素の影響

    長谷貴之, 山口正剛, 池尾直子, 向井敏司

    2015年, 軽金属学会大会講演概要, 128th

  • Mg-Ca合金の衝撃靭性改善に寄与する第三元素添加効果

    長谷貴之, 太田垣達也, 太田垣達也, 山口正剛, 池尾直子, 向井敏司

    2015年, 日本金属学会講演概要(CD-ROM), 157th

  • 微細結晶粒マグネシウムの常温延性に及ぼすイットリウムの添加効果

    向井敏司, 川智明, 山口正剛, 染川英俊, 木下昭人, 鷲尾宏太, 加藤晃

    2015年, 日本金属学会講演概要(CD-ROM), 157th

  • 312 衝撃荷重下におけるAZ31マグネシウム合金の破壊挙動(OS-4 マグネシウム合金の変形とメカニクス(3))

    川 智明, 長尾 昌樹, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    一般社団法人日本機械学会, 2014年03月18日, 関西支部講演会講演論文集, 2014 (89), "3 - 21", 日本語

  • 313 希薄Mg-Y合金の塑性変形応答(OS-4 マグネシウム合金の変形とメカニクス(4))

    染川 英俊, 大澤 嘉昭, シン アロック, 木下 昭人, 鷲尾 宏太, 加藤 晃, 向井 敏司

    一般社団法人日本機械学会, 2014年03月18日, 関西支部講演会講演論文集, 2014 (89), "3 - 22", 日本語

  • 319 結晶粒微細化によるMg-Ca二元合金の高強度化(OS-4 マグネシウム合金の変形とメカニクス(5))

    西岡 正行, 中村 亮太, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    一般社団法人日本機械学会, 2014年03月18日, 関西支部講演会講演論文集, 2014 (89), "3 - 28", 日本語

  • 314 マグネシウムの衝撃延性に対するイットリウム添加の影響(OS-4 マグネシウム合金の変形とメカニクス(4))

    長尾 昌樹, 上田 哲也, 寺田 知史, 染川 英俊, 向井 敏司

    一般社団法人日本機械学会, 2014年03月18日, 関西支部講演会講演論文集, 2014 (89), "3 - 23", 日本語

  • 1C42 高強度を有する生体内分解性Mg-0.3at.%Ca合金の開発(GS3:生体材料)

    池尾 直子, 西岡 正行, 田熊 明仁, 向井 敏司

    一般社団法人日本機械学会, 2014年01月10日, バイオエンジニアリング講演会講演論文集, 2014 (26), 99 - 100, 日本語

  • マグネシウムの粒界すべりに及ぼす溶質原子の影響

    川智明, 山口正剛, 池尾直子, 向井敏司

    2014年, 日本金属学会講演概要(CD-ROM), 155th

  • ポーラスインプラント インプラントへの応用を目指したチタン基ポーラス材料の創製

    池尾 直子, 中野 貴由, 向井 敏司

    チタン製インプラントの創製を目指し、新規積層造形法を利用したポーラス材料の開発および力学機能制御因子の解明を試みた。

    大阪工研協会, 2013年12月, 科学と工業 = Science and industry, 87 (12), 428 - 432, 日本語

    記事・総説・解説・論説等(学術雑誌)

  • 二次加工性に富み,等方変形可能な高強度希土類元素フリーマグネシウム合金

    染川英俊, 向井敏司

    2013年, 高圧ガス, 50 (8), 514 - 519, 日本語

    [査読有り]

    記事・総説・解説・論説等(学術雑誌)

  • 437 高強度マグネシウム合金製ネイルの人工骨への貫入に関する研究

    清水 潤一, 向井 敏司

    一般社団法人日本機械学会, 2012年11月30日, 機械材料・材料加工技術講演会講演論文集, 2012 (20), "437 - 1"-"437-3", 日本語

  • 610 純マグネシウムの圧縮変形応答に及ぼすひずみ速度及び温度の影響

    寺田 知史, 染川 英俊, 向井 敏司

    一般社団法人日本機械学会, 2012年11月30日, 機械材料・材料加工技術講演会講演論文集, 2012 (20), "610 - 1"-"610-3", 日本語

  • OS0304 マグネシウム合金のき裂先端部の変形応答

    染川 英俊, 井上 忠信, SINGH Alok, 向井 敏司

    The effect of microstructural factor, such as grain size, on the deformation behavior near the crack tip region during the fracture toughness test was investigated using wrought Mg-Al-Zn alloy. The stress distributions related to {10-12} twinning was predicted by FEA, and the microstructural evolutions were confirmed through experiments. This type of twinning was formed at the beginning of the fracture toughness test due to the creation of a large stress field near the crack-tip region. The formation region of twinning became small with grain refinement because of the changes in the dominant plastic deformations. The results from microstructure observations showed similarities to the stress distribution from FEA. These results can be used to predict the macroscopic deformation features near the crack-tip.

    一般社団法人日本機械学会, 2012年09月22日, M&M材料力学カンファレンス, 2012, "OS0304 - 1"-"OS0304-2", 日本語

  • J041015 マグネシウムの粒界移動に及ぼす粒界性格の影響

    染川 英俊, 向井 敏司

    The grain boundary plasticity was investigated using [1-100] symmetric tilt boundaries in magnesium through MD simulation. Grain boundary migrations occurred without any influences on grain boundary structures due to the reduction in the internal energy. On the other hands, the grain boundary structures affected the distance of grain boundary movement; the grain boundaries with high energies enhanced the grain boundary migration. The grain boundary migration was also influenced by the addition of solute atoms; the solute atoms provided stability to the grain boundary structures in magnesium, and thus, suppressing the grain boundary migration.

    一般社団法人日本機械学会, 2012年09月09日, 年次大会 : Mechanical Engineering Congress, Japan, 2012, "J041015 - 1"-"J041015-2", 日本語

  • 103 き裂先端部の変形メカニズムに及ぼす結晶粒径の影響(破壊,破壊の発生・進展とその解析・評価・計測,オーガナイスドセッション7)

    染川 英俊, SINGH Alok, 井上 忠信, 向井 敏司

    日本材料学会, 2012年, 学術講演会講演論文集, 61, 5 - 6, 日本語

  • OS19-3-4 Strengthening Mg-Al-Zn Alloys by Severe Plastic Rolling

    Mukai Toshiji, Somekawa Hidetoshi, Singh Alok, Inoue Tadanobu

    一般社団法人日本機械学会, 2011年09月19日, Abstracts of ATEM : International Conference on Advanced Technology in Experimental Mechanics : Asian Conference on Experimental Mechanics, 2011 (10), "OS19 - 3-4-1", 英語

  • 構造用途に向けたマグネシウム合金の適用課題 ~ねばり強くするために~

    向井 敏司, 染川 英俊, 丸山 典夫

    2011年, 工業材料, 59巻,pp.62-65, 日本語

    記事・総説・解説・論説等(学術雑誌)

  • ジュラルミンに匹敵する高強度・高靱性マグネシウム合金創製の試み

    向井敏司, 染川英俊

    2008年07月, 工業材料, 56, 50 - 53, 日本語

    [招待有り]

    記事・総説・解説・論説等(学術雑誌)

  • 準結晶粒子分散による高強度・高靭値マグネシウム合金

    染川英俊, Alok Singh, 向井敏司

    2008年04月, 金属, 78, 359 - 362, 日本語

    [招待有り]

    記事・総説・解説・論説等(学術雑誌)

  • 軽量化のための材料技術~マグネシウム合金の可能性~

    向井敏司

    2004年10月, まてりあ, 43, 810 - 814, 日本語

    [招待有り]

    記事・総説・解説・論説等(学術雑誌)

  • マグネシウム合金の自動車部材への適用の期待と課題

    向井敏司, 渡辺博行

    2004年08月, 工業材料, 52, 31 - 35, 日本語

    [招待有り]

    記事・総説・解説・論説等(学術雑誌)

  • マグネシウム合金の超塑性加工

    渡辺 博行, 向井 敏司, 東 健司

    日本塑性加工学会, 2003年01月25日, 塑性と加工, 44 (504), 10 - 14, 日本語

  • 軽金属セル構造体の衝撃エネルギー吸収特性

    向井敏司

    2002年12月, 鋳造工学, 74 (12), 828 - 834, 日本語

    [招待有り]

    記事・総説・解説・論説等(学術雑誌)

  • マグネシウム超塑性の研究

    渡辺博行, 向井敏司, 東健司

    2001年10月, 軽金属, 51, 503 - 508, 日本語

    [招待有り]

    記事・総説・解説・論説等(学術雑誌)

  • マグネシウム合金の超塑性

    渡辺博行, 向井敏司, 東健司

    2001年06月, 金属, 71, 502 - 508, 日本語

    [招待有り]

    記事・総説・解説・論説等(学術雑誌)

  • 最近のマグネシウム合金板材加工技術

    向井敏司, 東健司

    2001年02月, 塑性と加工, 42, 99 - 105, 日本語

    [招待有り]

    記事・総説・解説・論説等(学術雑誌)

  • ECAEプロセスによる軽量金属材料の結晶粒微細化と機械的性質の改善

    向井敏司, 東健司

    2000年11月, 金属, 70, 979 - 985, 日本語, 国内誌

    記事・総説・解説・論説等(学術雑誌)

  • マグネシウム合金およびその複合材料における超塑性のための材料作製プロセスと変形挙動

    渡辺博行, 細川裕之, 向井敏司, 東健司

    2000年04月, まてりあ, 39, 347 - 354, 日本語, 国内誌

    記事・総説・解説・論説等(学術雑誌)

  • 425 強ひずみ加工マグネシウム合金の破壊靭性値に関する研究(破壊特微量・影響因子の抽出,オーガナイズドセッション8.破壊の発生・進展とその解析・評価・計測)

    染川 英俊, シン アロック, 向井 敏司

    日本材料学会, 2007年, 学術講演会講演論文集, 56, 95 - 96, 日本語

書籍等出版物

  • 破壊力学大系-壊れない製品設計へ向けて-

    丸山 典夫, 向井 敏司

    共著, NTS, 2012年02月, 日本語

    学術書

  • 最新 フラクトグラフィ -各種材料の破面解析とその事例

    向井敏司

    分担執筆, マグネシウム合金, テクノシステム, 2010年

  • エコマテリアルハンドブック

    向井敏司

    分担執筆, マグネシウム合金, 丸善, 2007年

講演・口頭発表等

  • マグネシウム合金の粒界強度および塑性異方性に対する溶質元素添加の効果

    五枝 龍太郎, 干場 太一, 山口 正剛, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会2018年春期講演大会, 2018年03月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • 等軸結晶粒からなる純マグネシウムの超高速衝撃荷重下における組織変化

    藤田 直輝, 長谷川 直, 中辻 竜也, 池尾 直子, 佐藤 英一, 向井 敏司

    平成29年度宇宙科学に関する室内実験シンポジウム, 2018年02月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • 超高速衝撃下における純マグネシウムの組織変化

    藤田 直輝, 矢野 尊彦, 長谷川 直, 佐藤 英一, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    軽金属学会関西支部 若手研究者・院生による研究発表会, 2017年12月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • 生体内分解性マグネシウム合金の機械的性質に対する添加元素の役割解明

    宮居 秀地, 山口 正剛, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    軽金属学会関西支部 若手研究者・院生による研究発表会, 2017年12月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • 高温高速せん断変形させたAl-Mg合金の組織変化に及ぼすシリコン添加の影響

    南 久遠, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    軽金属学会関西支部 若手研究者・院生による研究発表会, 2017年12月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • 軽量フットペダル創製に向けたマグネシウム合金のマクロ/ミクロ構造設計

    永井 紳一朗, 中辻 竜也, 向井 敏司

    軽金属学会関西支部 若手研究者・院生による研究発表会, 2017年12月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • 亜鉛の生体内分解性に及ぼす結晶配向および元素添加の影響

    漆谷 建治, 山口 正剛, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    軽金属学会関西支部 若手研究者・院生による研究発表会, 2017年12月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • マグネシウム合金の衝撃破壊特性に及ぼすカルシウムおよび亜鉛添加の影響

    前田 智哉, 長谷 貴之, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    軽金属学会関西支部 若手研究者・院生による研究発表会, 2017年12月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • マグネシウム基コンポジットの機械的性質評価

    川崎 浩輝, 渡辺 博行, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    軽金属学会関西支部 若手研究者・院生による研究発表会, 2017年12月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • マグネシウムの生体内分解性に及ぼすカルシウム添加の影響

    干場 太一, 山口 正剛, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    軽金属学会関西支部 若手研究者・院生による研究発表会, 2017年12月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • 衝撃荷重下におけるMg-4%Al-1%Ca合金の変形挙動

    前田 智哉, 近成 勇太, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    軽金属学会第133回秋期大会, 2017年11月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • 高温高速せん断変形させたAl-4%Mg合金の組織変化におよぼすシリコン添加の影響

    南 久遠, 池尾 直子, Alok SINGH, Ivan Gutierrez-Urrutia, 大澤 嘉昭, 土谷 浩一, 向井 敏司

    軽金属学会第133回秋期大会, 2017年11月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • マグネシウム基アパタイト複合材料の機械的性質評価

    川崎 浩輝, 渡辺 博行, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    軽金属学会第133回秋期大会, 2017年11月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • 衝撃圧縮荷重下におけるMg-Ca合金の変形応答に及ぼすCa添加の影響

    近成 勇太, 前田 智哉, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    第12回材料の衝撃問題シンポジウム, 2017年10月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • 純マグネシウムの超高速衝撃荷重下における変形応答

    藤田 直輝, 矢野 尊彦, 長谷川 直, 佐藤英一, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    第12回材料の衝撃問題シンポジウム, 2017年10月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • 強ひずみ加工によるMg-3Al-1Zn合金の高靱性化

    前田 智哉, 大澤 嘉昭, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    第12回材料の衝撃問題シンポジウム, 2017年10月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • 超高速衝撃荷重が作用した純マグネシウムの変形応答

    藤田 直輝, 矢野 尊彦, 長谷川 直, 佐藤 英一, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会2017年秋期講演大会, 2017年09月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • 生体内分解性Mg-Ca合金の異方性改善に対する第三元素の添加効果

    宮居 秀地, 山口 正剛, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会2017年秋期講演大会, 2017年09月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • 水酸アパタイト分散マグネシウム合金基複合材料の組織と 機械的特性

    渡辺 博行, 元山 高嶺, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会2017 年秋期講演大会, 2017年09月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • 純亜鉛の圧縮変形に伴う組織変化

    南 慎一郎, 漆谷 建治, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会2017年秋期講演大会, 2017年09月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • 高温衝撃せん断ひずみ付与にともなうAl-Mg-Si合金の組織変化

    南 久遠, Alok Singh, 大澤 嘉昭, 土谷 浩一, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会2017年秋期講演大会, 2017年09月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • 亜鉛の生体内分解性に及ぼす結晶配向の影響

    漆谷 建治, 山口 正剛, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会2017年秋期講演大会, 2017年09月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • マグネシウム-亜鉛合金の分解性に及ぼす集合組織の影響

    加藤 あおい, 藤原 健吾, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会2017年秋期講演大会, 2017年09月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • マグネシウムの衝撃破壊特性に及ぼすカルシウムおよび亜鉛の添加効果

    前田 智哉, 長谷 貴之, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会2017年秋期講演大会, 2017年09月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • CoCrFeMnNi系高エントロピー合金の室温変形メカニズムに関する基礎研究

    世良田 遼平, 池尾 直子, 大澤 嘉昭, 土谷 浩一, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会2017年秋期講演大会, 2017年09月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • 亜鉛の生体内分解性に及ぼす元素添加効果

    漆谷 建治, 山口 正剛, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    日本バイオマテリアル学会関西ブロック第12回若手研究発表会, 2017年08月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • Effect of solute atoms on dynamic fracture toughness in magnesium alloys

    Hoshiba Taichi, Kawa Tomoaki, Yamaguchi Masatake, Ikeo Naoko, Mukai Toshiji

    The 7th Asian Symposium on Magnesium Alloys (ASMA7), 2017年06月, 英語, 国際会議

    ポスター発表

  • Effect of calcium on compressive deformation response of Mg-Ca alloy

    Chikanari Yuta, Maeda Tomoya, IKEO Naoko, MUKAI Toshiji

    The 7th Asian Symposium on Magnesium Alloys (ASMA7), 2017年06月, 英語, 国際会議

    ポスター発表

  • 高温高速せん断ひずみ付与にともなうAl-Mg-Si合金の組織変化

    南 久遠, 池尾 直子, Alok Singh, 大澤 嘉昭, 土谷 浩一, 向井敏司

    軽金属学会第132回春期大会, 2017年05月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • マグネシウムの高速圧縮変形挙動に及ぼすカルシウムの添加効果

    近成 勇太, 前田 智哉, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    軽金属学会第132回春期大会, 2017年05月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • マルチパス溝ロール圧延による Mg-3Al-1Zn 合金の結晶組織制御

    前田 智哉, 川 智明, 池尾 直子, 大澤 嘉昭, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会 2017 年春期講演大会(第160回), 2017年03月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • マグネシウム合金の衝撃破壊靭性に対する溶質元素添加の効果

    干場 太一, 川 智明, 山口 正剛, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会 2017 年春期講演大会(第160回), 2017年03月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • マグネシウムのin vitro疲労特性に与えるカルシウム添加の影響

    池尾 直子, 植村 太一, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会 2017 年春期講演大会(第160回), 2017年03月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • 生体内分解性マグネシウム合金の疲労特性に及ぼすZn添加の影響

    植村 太一, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    軽金属学会 第 131 回秋期大会, 2016年11月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • 衝撃荷重下におけるAl-Mg二元合金の変形挙動

    二宮 友樹, 川 智明, 池尾 直子, 大澤 嘉昭, 向井 敏司

    軽金属学会 第 131 回秋期大会, 2016年11月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • 高強度マグネシウム合金の骨組織への貫入応答評価

    池尾 直子, 清水 潤一, 佐野 有哉, 清水 良央, 向井 敏司

    軽金属学会 第 131 回秋期大会, 2016年11月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • 高温衝撃圧縮荷重の作用によるAlMg-Si合金の組織変化

    南 久遠, 池尾 直子, Alok Singh, 大澤 嘉昭, 土谷 浩一, 向井 敏司

    軽金属学会 第 131 回秋期大会, 2016年11月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • 強度および生体内分解速度の最適化に向けたMg-Zn合金のミクロ組織制御

    藤原 健吾, Kim Yoojin, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    軽金属学会 第 131 回秋期大会, 2016年11月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • 強ひずみ圧延加工によるMg-3Al-1Zn合金の衝撃破壊靱性改善

    前田 智哉, 川 智明, 池尾 直子, 大澤 嘉昭, 向井 敏司

    軽金属学会 第 131 回秋期大会, 2016年11月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • 高温・衝撃荷重下における純マグネシウムの圧縮変形応答

    下門 輝也, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会 2016 年秋期講演大会(第159回), 2016年09月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • マグネシウム合金の疲労特性に及ぼす Ca および Zn の添加効果

    植村 太一, 田熊 明仁, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会 2016 年秋期講演大会(第159回), 2016年09月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • Al-Mg二元合金の粒界強度に及ぼす溶質マグネシウム濃度の影響

    二宮 友樹, 川 智明, 池尾 直子, 山口 正剛, 大澤 嘉昭, 向井 敏司

    軽金属学会 第 130 回春期大会, 2016年05月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • 有限要素解析を利用した生体内分解性マグネシウム合金製ステントの創製

    池尾 直子, 前田 智明, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会 2016 年春期講演大会(第 158 回), 2016年03月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • 生体内分解性 Mg-Zn 合金の高強度化および分解性評価

    藤原 健吾, Kim Yoojin, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会 2016 年春期講演大会(第 158 回), 2016年03月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • 衝撃荷重下における純マグネシウムの一軸圧縮変形応答

    下門 輝也, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会 2016 年春期講演大会(第 158 回), 2016年03月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • 高速変形による CoCrFeMnNi 系 HEA の変形帯形成

    今倉 伸浩, 池尾 直子, Alok Singh, Ivan Gutierrez Urrutia, 大澤 嘉昭, 土谷 浩一, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会 2016 年春期講演大会(第 158 回), 2016年03月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • Lattice Ordering and Microstructure of Ultra-High Strength Mg-Ca-Zn Alloys

    A. Singh, Althaf B. Dudekula, IKEO Naoko, Hidetoshi Somekawa, MUKAI Toshiji

    TMS Annual meeting, 2016年03月, 英語, 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • The mechanical performance of biodegradability magnesium alloy stent

    T. Maeda, M. Nishioka, IKEO Naoko, MUKAI Toshiji

    Twenty-Fourth International Symposium on Processing and Fabrication of Advanced Materials (PFAM XXIV) 2015, 2015年12月, 英語, 国際会議

    口頭発表(招待・特別)

  • Influence of calcium concentration on superplastic behavior in Mg-Ca binary alloys

    T. Yano, MUKAI Toshiji, IKEO Naoko, H. Watanabe

    Twenty-Fourth International Symposium on Processing and Fabrication of Advanced Materials (PFAM XXIV) 2015, 2015年12月, 英語, 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • Evaluation of in vitro fatigue of the biodegradable Mg-Ca alloy in simulated body fluid

    IKEO Naoko, TAGUMA Akihito, MUKAI Toshiji

    Twenty-Fourth International Symposium on Processing and Fabrication of Advanced Materials (PFAM XXIV) 2015, 2015年12月, 英語, 国際会議

    口頭発表(招待・特別)

  • Effect of calcium solute addition on improving mechanical properties of magnesium alloys

    T. Hase, T. Ohtagaki, M. Yamaguch, IKEO Naoko, MUKAI Toshiji

    Twenty-Fourth International Symposium on Processing and Fabrication of Advanced Materials (PFAM XXIV) 2015, 2015年12月, 英語, 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • Superplastic Deformation Behavior in Dual-Phase Mg-Ca Alloy

    T. Yano, IKEO Naoko, H. Watanabe, MUKAI Toshiji

    ICSAM 2015, 2015年09月, 英語, 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • Effect of Zinc and Calcium Solute Additions on Deformation Behavior of Mg Estimated by First Principles Calculation

    T. Hase, T. Ohtagaki, M. Yamaguch, IKEO Naoko, MUKAI Toshiji

    Mg 2015, 2015年09月, 英語, 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • Strength ening and Degradation Behavior of Magnesium-Cal cium Binary Alloy

    N. IKEO, A. Taguma, M. Nishioka, A. Yamamoto, T. Mukai

    Biomaterials International 2015, 2015年06月, 英語, 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • Experimental Study of Enhancing strength and ductility in Mg-Zn-Ca alloy for bio-absorbable stent application

    T. Maeda, M. Nishioka, IKEO Naoko, MUKAI Toshiji

    Biomaterials International 2015, 2015年06月, 英語, 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • Enhancement of ductility in Mg-Zn-Ca alloy for fastening soft tissue

    K. Naka, R. Nakamura, IKEO Naoko, MUKAI Toshiji

    Biomaterials International 2015, 2015年06月, 英語, 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • 第三元素の添加による Mg-Ca 合金の粒界強化効果

    太田垣 達也, 長谷 貴之, 川 智明, 山口 正剛, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    日本機械学会関西支部 平成26年度関西学生会学生員卒業研究発表講演会, 2015年03月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • 双晶を導入した純マグネシウムの減衰能

    渡辺 博行, 笹倉 康義, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会第156回 春期講演大会, 2015年03月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • 生体内分解性 Mg-Zn 合金の強度-分解性バランス

    金 瑜珍, 前田 智明, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    日本機械学会関西支部 平成26年度関西学生会学生員卒業研究発表講演会, 2015年03月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • 強ひずみ加工による CoCrFeMnNi 合金の高強度化

    今倉 伸浩, 上田 哲也, 池尾 直子, 土谷 浩一, 向井 敏司

    日本機械学会関西支部 平成26年度関西学生会学生員卒業研究発表講演会, 2015年03月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • 強ひずみ加工による Al-Mg 合金の高強度化

    二宮 友樹, 川 智明, 池尾 直子, 大澤 嘉昭, 土谷 浩一, 向井 敏司

    日本機械学会関西支部 平成26年度関西学生会学生員卒業研究発表講演会, 2015年03月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • 亜鉛添加による生体内分解性マグネシウム合金の高強度化

    藤原 健吾, 前田 智明, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    日本機械学会関西支部 平成26年度関西学生会学生員卒業研究発表講演会, 2015年03月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • マグネシウム合金の加工硬化挙動に及ぼすイットリウム添加の影響

    下門 輝也, 上田 哲也, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    日本機械学会関西支部 平成26年度関西学生会学生員卒業研究発表講演会, 2015年03月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • Role of Yttrium Solute on Compression Behavior of Mg-Y Alloy

    Ueda, Tetusya, Nagao, Masaki, Somekawa, Hidetoshi, Singh, Alok, Mukai, Toshiji

    TMS2015 144th Annual Meeting & Exhibition, 2015年03月, 英語, Orlando, USA, 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • Effect of Alloy Composition on Microstructure and Strength of Fine Grained Extruded Mg-Zn-Y alloys Containing Quasicrystal Phase

    Singh, Alok, Osawa, Yoshiaki, Somekawa, Hidetoshi, Mukai, Toshiji, Parrish, Catherine, Shih, Donald

    TMS2015 144th Annual Meeting & Exhibition, 2015年03月, 英語, Orlando, USA, 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • ECAE 加工を施した Mg-Ca 合金の機械的特性

    元山 高嶺, 向井 敏司, 池尾 直子, 渡辺 博行

    日本機械学会関西支部 平成26年度関西学生会学生員卒業研究発表講演会, 2015年03月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • Deformation Response of Mg-Y Alloys under Dynamic Loading

    Mukai, Toshiji, Nagao, Masaki, Tomofumi, Terada, Somekawa, Hidetoshi, Singh, Alok

    TMS2015 144th Annual Meeting & Exhibition, 2015年03月, 英語, Orlando, USA, 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • Deformation Behavior of Binary Magnesium Alloys Under Dynamic Loading

    Mukai, Toshiji, Somekawa, Hidetoshi

    TMS2015 144th Annual Meeting & Exhibition, 2015年03月, 英語, Orlando, USA, 国際会議

    口頭発表(招待・特別)

  • 生体分解性デバイス向けたマグネシウム合金の 高延性化

    中村 亮太, 仲 康介, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    日本軽金属学会第127回秋期大会, 2014年11月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • 生体内分解性Mg-Ca合金の擬似体液環境に おける疲労特性

    田熊 明仁, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    日本軽金属学会第127回秋期大会, 2014年11月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • Mg-Ca系二相合金の高温変形特性

    矢野 尊彦, 向井 敏司, 池尾 直子, 渡辺 博行

    日本軽金属学会第127回秋期大会, 2014年11月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • 生体用マグネシウム合金の機械的性質に与えるカルシウム濃度の影響

    池尾 直子, 西岡 正行, 石垣 千尋, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会第155回 秋期講演大会, 2014年09月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • 生体軟組織固定に向けたマグネシウム合金の高延性化

    仲 康介, 中村 亮太, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会第155回 秋期講演大会, 2014年09月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • 生体内分解性を有するマグネシウム・ステント創製に向け た材料およびモデルの検討

    前田 智明, 西岡 正行, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会第155回 秋期講演大会, 2014年09月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • 純マグネシウムにおける一軸変形応答と減衰能の対比

    渡辺 博行, 澤田 忠明, 笹倉 康義, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会第155回 秋期講演大会, 2014年09月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • マグネシウムの粒界すべりに及ぼす溶質原子の影響

    川 智明, 山口 正剛, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会第155回 秋期講演大会, 2014年09月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • 人工骨に対するマグネシウム合金製ネイルの貫入性能評価

    池尾 直子, 清水 潤一, 石垣 千尋, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会春期(154回)大会, 2014年03月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • 高強度を有する生体内分解性 Mg-0.3at.%Ca 合金の開発

    池尾 直子, 西岡 正行, 田熊 明仁, 向井 敏司

    日本機械学会 第26回バイオエンジニアリング講演会, 2014年01月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • Strength and in vitro degradation behavior of fine-grained Mg-Ca alloys

    Nishioka Masayuki, Taguma Akihito, Ikeo Naoko, Yamamoto Akiko, Mukai Toshiji

    International Symposium on EcoTopia Science 2014, 2013年12月, 英語, 国際会議

    ポスター発表

  • Mechanical Response of Mg-Ca Alloy Nails Penetrating the Bone Tissue and Their in vitro Degradation Behavior

    Shimizu Jyunichi, Ishigaki Chihiro, Ikeo Naoko, Sano Yuya, Shimizu Yoshinaka, Mukai Toshiji

    International Symposium on EcoTopia Science 2013, 2013年12月, 英語, 国際会議

    ポスター発表

  • Enhancement of Damping Capacity in Magnesium for Biomedical Implant Application

    Sawada Tadaki, Sasakura Yasuyuku, Ikeo Naoko, Watanabe Hiroyuki, Mukai Toshiji

    International Symposium on EcoTopia Science 2015, 2013年12月, 英語, 国際会議

    ポスター発表

  • Mg-Ca合金の生体内分解性および力学特性に及ぼすカルシウム濃度の影響

    田熊 明仁, 西岡 正行, 池尾 直子, 山本 玲子, 向井 敏司

    日本軽金属学会秋期(124回)大会, 2013年11月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • AZ31マグネシウム合金の衝撃破壊靭性に及ぼす結晶組織の影響

    川 智明, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    日本軽金属学会秋期(124回)大会, 2013年11月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • Grain refinement of magnesium alloys for improving mechanical performance

    Toshiji Mukai

    The 4th Symposium of Indian Scientists Association in JAPAN(ISAJ).India-Japan Symposium on Emerging Materials for Health, Environment and Safety, 2013年10月, 英語, 国際会議

    [招待有り]

    口頭発表(招待・特別)

  • Deformation response of pure magnesium under dynamic compression loading

    Tomofumi Terada, Toshiji Mukai

    The 4th Symposium of Indian Scientists Association in JAPAN(ISAJ).India-Japan Symposium on Emerging Materials for Health, Environment and Safety, 2013年10月, 英語, 国際会議

    ポスター発表

  • カルシウム添加したマグネシウム合金の擬似体液中における分解挙動

    池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会秋期(153回)大会, 2013年09月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • Evaluation of impact fracture toughness of AZ31 magnesium alloy

    T.Kawa, M.Nagao, T.Mukai

    The 8th International Symposium on Impact Engineering (ISIE-2013), 2013年09月, 英語, 国際会議

    ポスター発表

  • Deformation behavior of porous materials characterized with high speed imaging

    T.Mukai, T.Kawa, H. Kusano

    The 8th International Symposium on Impact Engineering (ISIE-2013), 2013年09月, 英語, 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • Deformation behavior of Mg-Y alloy under dynamic compression loading

    M.Nagao, T.Terada, H.Somekawa, A.Singh, T.Mukai

    The 8th International Symposium on Impact Engineering (ISIE-2013), 2013年09月, 英語, 国際会議

    ポスター発表

  • Degradation behavior and mechanical properties of Mg-Ca alloy after immersion in simulated body fluid

    IKEO NAOKO, NISHIOKA MASAYUKI, TAGUMA AKIHITO, YAMAMOTO AKIKO, MUKAI TOSHIJI

    PRICM 8, 2013年08月, 英語, Hawaii, 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • AZ31マグネシウム合金の衝撃破壊靱性評価

    川 智明, 長尾 昌樹, 向井 敏司

    軽金属学会第124回春期大会(2013), 2013年05月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • 純マグネシウムの変形挙動に及ぼすひずみ速度の影響

    竹谷 悦一, 向井 敏司, 寺田 知史

    日本機械学会 関西学生会平成24年度学生員卒業研究発表講演会, 2013年03月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • β型Mg-Li系合金の高温変形特性

    中村 亮太, 池尾 直子, 向井 敏司

    日本機械学会 関西学生会平成24年度学生員卒業研究発表講演会, 2013年03月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • マグネシウム円管の衝撃エネルギー吸収能評価

    上田 哲也, 長尾 昌樹, 向井 敏司, 鷲尾 宏太, 木下 昭人

    日本機械学会 関西学生会平成24年度学生員卒業研究発表講演会, 2013年03月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • カルシウム添加によるマグネシウム合金の高強度化と生体内分解性評価

    池尾 直子, 西岡 正行, 田熊 明仁, 山本 玲子, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会春期(152回)大会, 2013年03月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • カルシウム添加によるマグネシウム合金の高強度化と生体内分解性評価

    池尾 直子, 西岡 正行, 田熊 明仁, 山本 玲子, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会2013年春期(第152回)講演大会, 2013年03月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • イットリウム添加によるマグネシウム合金の延性改善効果

    向井 敏司, 長尾 昌樹, 染川 英俊, 鷲尾 宏太, 木下 昭人, 加藤 晃

    日本金属学会2013年春期(第152回)講演大会, 2013年03月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • Yを微量添加したマグネシウム合金の塑性変形応答

    染川 英俊, 大澤 嘉昭, Alok Singh, 木下 昭人, 鷲尾 宏太, 加藤 晃, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会2013年春期(第152回)講演大会, 2013年03月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • Yを極微量添加したMg合金の室温圧縮変形による再結晶組織形成過程の観察

    安藤 大輔, 須藤 祐司, 小池 淳一, 染川 英俊, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会2013年春期(第152回)講演大会, 2013年03月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • Microstructure Design of Ultra-Fine-Grained Mg-Al Alloy for Bioabsorbable Implant Applications

    Toshiji Mukai, Akiko Yamamoto, Yoshinaka Shimizu

    TMS2013 142nd Annual Meeting & Exhibition, 2013年03月, 英語, 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • Mg-Ca合金のin vitro分解性および力学的特性評価

    田熊 明仁, 西岡 正行, 池尾 直子, 山本 玲子, 向井 敏司

    日本機械学会 関西学生会平成24年度学生員卒業研究発表講演会, 2013年03月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • Mg-Al-Zn系合金の衝撃破壊靭性評価

    川 智明, 向井 敏司

    日本機械学会 関西学生会平成24年度学生員卒業研究発表講演会, 2013年03月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • Increasing Volume Fraction of Precipitates and Strength of a Mg-Zn-Y Alloy by Pre-Aging Deformation

    Julian Rosalie, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Alok Singh, Toshiji Mukai

    TMS2013 142nd Annual Meeting & Exhibition, 2013年03月, 英語, 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • Evolution of Microstructure during Caliber Rolling of AZ31 Alloy

    Alok Singh, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Tadanobu Inoue, Toshiji Mukai

    TMS2013 142nd Annual Meeting & Exhibition, 2013年03月, 英語, 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • Effect of Microstructural Factors on Damping Capacity in Pure Magnesium

    Hiroyuki Watanabe, Yasuyoshi Sasakura, Toshiji Mukai

    TMS2013 142nd Annual Meeting & Exhibition, 2013年03月, 英語, 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • 生体内分解性マグネシウム合金の強度・分解性制御

    向井 敏司, 池尾 直子, 山本玲子, 清水良央

    東北大学金属材料研究所共同研究ワークショップ・第35回日本バイオマテリアル学会東北地域講演会, 2013年, 日本語, 国内会議

    [招待有り]

    口頭発表(招待・特別)

  • Increasing Volume Fraction of Precipitates and Strength of a Mg-Zn-Y Alloy by Pre-Aging Deformation

    Julian Rosalie, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Alok Singh, Toshiji Mukai

    TMS2013 142nd Annual Meeting & Exhibition, 2013年, 英語, 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • Grain Refinement and Textue Modification of Magnesium Alloys for improving Mechanical Performance

    Toshiji Mukai

    International Union of Materials Research Society - International Conference in Asia (IUMRS-ICA) 2013, 2013年, 英語, 国際会議

    [招待有り]

    口頭発表(招待・特別)

  • Evolution of Microstructure during Caliber Rolling of AZ31 Alloy

    Alok Singh, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Tadanobu Inoue, Toshiji Mukai

    TMS2013 142nd Annual Meeting & Exhibition, 2013年, 英語, 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • Effect of Microstructural Factors on Damping Capacity in Pure Magnesium

    Hiroyuki Watanabe, Yasuyoshi Sasakura, Toshiji Mukai

    TMS2013 142nd Annual Meeting & Exhibition, 2013年, 英語, 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • 純マグネシウムの圧縮変形応答に及ぼすひずみ速度及び温度の影響

    寺田 知史, 染川 英俊, 向井 敏司

    日本機械学会第20回機械材料・材料加工技術講演会(M&P2012), 2012年12月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • 高強度マグネシウム合金製ネイルの人工骨への貫入に関する研究

    清水 潤一, 向井 敏司

    日本機械学会第20回機械材料・材料加工技術講演会(M&P2012), 2012年12月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • 結晶粒微細化による生体内分解性Mg-Ca合金の高強度化

    西岡 正行, 向井 敏司

    軽金属学会第123回秋期大会(2012), 2012年11月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • Mg-Y二元合金の衝撃延性

    長尾 昌樹, 染川 英俊, 向井 敏司

    軽金属学会第123回秋期大会(2012), 2012年11月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • 純Mg のダンピング特性に及ぼす双晶及び底面配向の影響

    笹倉 康義, 渡辺 博行, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会2012年秋期(第151回)講演大会, 2012年09月, 日本語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • Formation of twin related nano-domains during fracture of a fine grained magnesium alloy

    SINGH Alok, 染川 英俊, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会2012年秋期(第151回)講演大会, 2012年09月, 英語, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • Texture Change due to Tensile Superplastic Deformation in Fine-Grained Magnesium Alloys

    Hiroyuki Watanabe, Masao Fukusumi, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Toshiji Mukai

    IUMRS-ICA(International Union of Materials Research Societies International Conference in Asia 2012), 2012年08月, 英語, 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • Achieving Very High Isotropic Strength with Ductility by Simple Processing of Mg-Zn-Y Alloys Containing Quasicrystal Phase

    Alok Singh, Yoshiaki Osawa, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Toshiji Mukai

    IUMRS-ICA(International Union of Materials Research Societies International Conference in Asia 2012), 2012年08月, 英語, 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • Formation of nano-scale twins and double twins during fracture of fine grained magnesium alloys

    Alok Singh, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Tadanobu Inoue, Toshiji Mukai

    NIMS Conference 2012, 2012年06月, 英語, つくば国際会議場, 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • き裂先端部の変形メカニズムに及ぼす結晶粒径の影響

    染川 英俊, Alok Singh, 井上 忠信, 向井 敏司

    日本材料学会 第61期学術講演会, 2012年05月, 日本語, 岡山大学, 国内会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • 純マグネシウムのホール・ペッチ則に及ぼすひずみ速度の影響

    寺田 知史, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会2012年春期大会, 2012年03月, 日本語, 横浜国立大学, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • 骨への貫入性能を有するマグネシウム合金創製に向けた基礎研究

    清水 潤一, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会2012年春期大会, 2012年03月, 日本語, 横浜国立大学, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • カルシウム添加による生体内分解性マグネシウム合金の高強度化

    西岡 正行, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会2012年春期大会, 2012年03月, 日本語, 横浜国立大学, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • Mg-Y二元合金の高速変形応答

    長尾 昌樹, 染川 英俊, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会2012年春期大会, 2012年03月, 日本語, 横浜国立大学, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • Mg-Y 合金の潤滑下トライボロジー特性と摩擦に伴う内部組織の変形挙動

    前田 隼輔, 松岡 敬, 平山 朋子, 染川 英俊, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会2012年春期(第150回)講演大会, 2012年03月, 日本語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • Mg-Y合金の潤滑下トライボロジー特性とそれに伴う内部組織の変形挙動

    前田 隼輔, 松岡 敬, 平山 朋子, 染川 英俊, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会2012年春期大会, 2012年03月, 日本語, 横浜国立大学, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • FORMATION OF NANO-SCALE TWINS AND LOW ANGLE GRAIN BOUNDARIES DURING FRACTURE OF A FINE GRAINED MAGNESIUM ALLOYS

    Alok Singh, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Toshiji Mukai

    TMS 2012 Annual Meeting, Magnesium Technology 2012, 2012年03月, 英語, Orlando Convention Center, 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • Evaluating the effect of pre-ageing deformation on beta-prime precipitate size and distribution in Mg-Zn(-Y) Alloys

    Julian M Rosalie, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Alok Singh, Toshiji Mukai

    TMS 2012 Annual Meeting, Magnesium Technology 2012, 2012年03月, 英語, 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • Development of High Strength and Toughness Magnesium Alloy by Grain Boundary Control

    Hidetoshi SOMEKAWA, Alok SINGH, Tadanobu INOUE, Toshiji MUKAI

    TMS 2012 Annual Meeting, Magnesium Technology 2012, 2012年03月, 英語, Orlando Convention Center, 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • 添加剤を含む潤滑油下における純マグネシウムの摩擦摩耗特性の評価

    前田 隼輔, 松岡 敬, 平山 朋子, 染川 英俊, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会2011年秋期大会, 2011年11月, 日本語, 沖縄コンベンションセンター, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • 超微細結晶粒Mg-Zn-Ca 合金の超塑性

    田井中 良英, 渡辺 博行, 染川 英俊, 鷲尾 宏太, 加藤 晃, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会2011年秋期大会, 2011年11月, 日本語, 沖縄コンベンションセンター, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • 純マグネシウムのダンピング特性に及ぼす結晶粒組織の影響

    笹倉 康義, 渡辺 博行, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会2011年秋期大会, 2011年11月, 日本語, 沖縄コンベンションセンター, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • ナノインデンテーションを用いたマグネシウムの粒界・粒内クリープの評価

    染川 英俊, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会2011年秋期大会, 2011年11月, 日本語, 沖縄コンベンションセンター, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • The effect of β1′Precipitate refinement on the strength and ductility of Mg-Zn(-Y) alloys

    Julian ROSALIE, Alok SINGH, 染川 英俊, 向井 敏司

    日本金属学会2011年秋期(第149回)講演大会, 2011年11月, 英語, 国内会議

    ポスター発表

  • Possibility for development of high strength and toughness magnesium alloys

    H. Somekawa, T. Mukai

    ASMA-4, 2011年10月, 英語, 国際会議

    口頭発表(招待・特別)

  • Strengthening Mg-Al-Zn Alloys by Severe Plastic Rolling

    Toshiji Mukai, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Alok Singh, Tadanobu Inoue

    ATEM’11, JEME-MMD, 2011年09月, 英語, 神戸国際会議場, 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • Production of Ultrafine Grain Size by Direct Extrusion of a Chill Cast Mg-Zn-Y Alloy Containing Quasicrystal Phase with A Very High Isotropic Strength

    Alok Singh, Yoshiaki Osawa, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Toshiji Mukai

    ATEM’11, JEME-MMD, 2011年09月, 英語, 神戸国際会議場, 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • Development of High Strength and Toughness Magnesium Alloys by Microstructural Controls

    Hidetoshi Somekawa, Toshiji Mukai

    ATEM’11, JEME-MMD, 2011年09月, 英語, 神戸国際会議場, 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • 構造用途に向けたマグネシウム合金の結晶粒微細化

    向井 敏司

    第 146 回超塑性研究会 「先進マグネシウム合金の展開」, 2011年06月, 日本語, 千葉工業大学津田沼キャンパ, 国内会議

    口頭発表(招待・特別)

  • Improved Processing of Mg-Zn-Y Alloys Containing Quasicrystal Phase for Isotropic High Strength and Ductility

    Alok Singh, Yoshiaki Osawa, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Toshiji Mukai

    TMS 2011 Annual Meeting/Magnesium Technology 2011, 2011年03月, 英語, TMS, San Diego, 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • Fracture Mechanism and Toughness in Fine- and Coarse-Grained Magnesium Alloys

    Hidetoshi Somekawa, Alok Singh, Toshiji Mukai

    TMS 2011 Annual Meeting/Magnesium Technology 2011, 2011年03月, 英語, TMS, San Diego, 国際会議

    [招待有り]

    口頭発表(招待・特別)

  • Strengthening Mg-Al-Zn Alloy by Repetitive Oblique Shear Strain

    Toshiji Mukai, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Alok Singh, Tadanobu Inoue

    TMS 2011 Annual Meeting, 2010年03月, 英語, TMS, San Diego, USA, 国際会議

    口頭発表(一般)

  • Progress in Wrought Mg Alloy Development and Improvement of Mechanical Properties

    T. Mukai

    International Magnesium Symposium for Advanced Industry Trends, 2007年12月, 英語, 国際会議

    [招待有り]

    口頭発表(招待・特別)

  • Design of high-strength, high Ductility and High Toughness Magnesium Alloys by Dispersion of Nano-sized lcosahedral Phase Particles

    A. Singh, H. Somekawa, T. Mukai

    2nd Asian Symposium on Magnesium Alloys (ASMA-Ⅱ), 2007年10月, 英語, 国際会議

    [招待有り]

    口頭発表(招待・特別)

  • Effect of Texture and Grain Size on the Strengthening of Mg Alloys with Ductility

    T. Mukai, H. Somekawa, A. Singh

    2nd Asian Symposium on Magnesium Alloys (ASMA-Ⅱ), 2007年10月, 英語, 国際会議

    [招待有り]

    口頭発表(招待・特別)

  • Microstructure design of high-strength Mg alloy with ductility and toughness

    T. Mukai, H. Somekawa, A. Singh

    The 17th Iketani Conference: The Doyama Symposium on Advanced Materials, 2007年09月, 英語, 国際会議

    [招待有り]

    口頭発表(招待・特別)

  • Ductility Enhancement in Mg Alloys at High Strain Rate

    T. Mukai

    International Magnesium Workshop, 2007年05月, 英語, 国際会議

    [招待有り]

    口頭発表(招待・特別)

  • Improvement of strength and ductility balance in Mg alloys by modification of grain structure

    T. Mukai, H.Somekawa

    4th International conference on materials processing for properties and performance, 2005年, 英語, 国際会議

    [招待有り]

    口頭発表(招待・特別)

  • High Strain Rate Superplasticity in Aluminum Alloys and Review of Its Current Commercial Applications

    T. Mukai, K. Higashi

    Hot Deformation of Aluminum III, 2003 TMS Annual Meeting, 2003年03月04日, 英語, The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society, 国際会議

    [招待有り]

    口頭発表(招待・特別)

  • Guide for enhancement of room temperature ductility in Mg alloys at high strain rates

    T. Mukai, H. Watanabe, K. Ishikawa, K. Higashi

    Platform Science and Technology in Advanced Magnesium 2003, 2003年01月30日, 英語, 国際会議

    [招待有り]

    口頭発表(招待・特別)

  • Grain Refinement and Superplasticity in Magnesium Alloys

    H. Watanabe, T. Mukai, K. Higashi

    2002 TMS Annual Meeting, 2002年02月20日, 英語, Seattle, アメリカ合衆国, 国際会議

    [招待有り]

    口頭発表(招待・特別)

  • Study on the Superplastic Deformation Mechanism using Magnesium-Based Materials

    K. Higashi, T. Mukai, H. Watanabe

    2002 TMS Annual Meeting, 2002年02月19日, 英語, Seattle, アメリカ合衆国, 国際会議

    [招待有り]

    口頭発表(招待・特別)

  • Ductility Enhancement in Magnesium Alloys under Dynamic Loading

    T. Mukai, M. Yamanoi, K. Higashi

    Platform Science and Technology in Advanced Magnesium 2000, 2000年07月27日, 英語, 国際会議

    [招待有り]

    口頭発表(招待・特別)

  • Grain Refinement of Commercial Magnesium Alloys for High-strain-rate-superplastic Forming

    T. Mukai, H. Watanabe, K. Higashi

    Platform Science and Technology in Advanced Magnesium 2000, 2000年07月, 英語, 国際会議

    [招待有り]

    口頭発表(招待・特別)

  • SUPERPLASTICITY IN MAGNESIUM ALLOYS AND ITS COMPOSITES

    T. Mukai, H. Watanabe, T. G. Nieh, K. Higashi

    1999 MRS Fall Meeting, Superplasticity-Current Status and Future Potential, 1999年12月02日, 英語, Boston, アメリカ合衆国, 国際会議

    [招待有り]

    口頭発表(招待・特別)

所属学協会

  • TMS

  • 日本バイオマテリアル学会

  • TMS (USA)

  • 日本塑性加工学会

  • 軽金属学会

  • 日本機械学会

  • 日本材料学会

  • 日本金属学会

共同研究・競争的資金等の研究課題

産業財産権

  • 生体軟組織固定用デバイスおよびその作製方法(中国)

    向井 敏司, 具 英成, 福本 巧, 池尾 直子, 薮内 光

    201580048143.2, 2015年09月09日, 大学長, ZL201580048143.2, 2018年12月04日

    特許権

  • 生体軟組織固定用デバイスおよびその作製方法

    向井 敏司, 池尾 直子, 具 英成, 福本 巧, 薮内 光

    特願2016-546858, 2016年05月19日, 大学長, 特許6164675, 2017年06月30日

    特許権

  • 高強度Mg合金およびその製造方法

    向井 敏司

    14/356502, 2012年11月06日, 大学長, US9523141, 2016年12月20日

    特許権

  • 高強度Mg合金およびその製造方法

    向井 敏司

    特願2013-542987, 2012年11月06日, 大学長, 特許5787380, 2015年08月07日

    特許権

  • 延性を備えた超高強度マグネシウム展伸合金

    シンアロック, 大澤嘉昭, 向井敏司

    特願2013-023076, 2013年02月08日, 国立研究開発法人物質・材料研究機構, 特開2014-152361, 2014年08月25日

    特許権

  • マグネシウム合金とその製造方法

    染川英俊, シンアロック, 大澤嘉昭, 向井敏司

    特願2013-217747, 2013年10月18日, 国立研究開発法人物質・材料研究機構, 特開2014-040672, 2014年03月06日

    特許権

  • マグネシウム合金

    染川英俊, シンアロック, 向井敏司

    特願2011-057364, 2011年03月16日, 国立研究開発法人物質・材料研究機構, 特開2011-225972, 2011年11月10日

    特許権

  • マグネシウム合金

    染川英俊, シンアロック, 向井敏司

    特願2010-062436, 2010年03月18日, 国立研究開発法人物質・材料研究機構, 特開2011-195868, 2011年10月06日

    特許権

  • Mg合金部材

    シンアロック, 染川英俊, 向井敏司, 大澤嘉昭

    特願2009-071754, 2009年03月24日, 国立研究開発法人物質・材料研究機構, 特開2010-222645, 2010年10月07日

    特許権

  • Mg合金鍛造品とその製造方法

    染川英俊, 向井敏司

    特願2009-064111, 2009年03月17日, 国立研究開発法人物質・材料研究機構, 特開2010-215962, 2010年09月30日

    特許権

  • Mg基構造部材

    廣本祥子, 山本玲子, 丸山典夫, 向井敏司, 染川英俊

    特願2009-021268, 2009年02月02日, 国立研究開発法人物質・材料研究機構, 特開2010-174363, 2010年08月12日

    特許権

  • 医療用生体吸収性部材とその製造方法

    廣本祥子, 山本玲子, 丸山典夫, 向井敏司, 染川英俊

    特願2008-330445, 2008年12月25日, 国立研究開発法人物質・材料研究機構, 特開2010-148682, 2010年07月08日

    特許権

  • 焼結鋼とその製造方法

    ラオボンタスリニバサ, 大石敬一郎, 宝野和博, 向井敏司

    特願2007-329408, 2007年12月21日, 国立研究開発法人物質・材料研究機構, 特開2009-149944, 2009年07月09日

    特許権

  • 鋳造方法とそれに用いる鋳造装置

    大澤嘉昭, 高森晋, 皆川和己, 向井敏司, 劉新宝

    特願2007-122719, 2007年05月07日, 国立研究開発法人物質・材料研究機構, 特開2008-272819, 2008年11月13日

    特許権

  • 耐摩耗性マグネシウム合金

    向井敏司, 吉住光, 染川英俊, 大澤嘉昭, AlokSingh, 松岡敬

    特願2007-079600, 2007年03月26日, 国立研究開発法人物質・材料研究機構, 学校法人同志社, 特開2008-240032, 2008年10月09日

    特許権

  • 鋳造方法

    大澤嘉昭, 高森晋, 皆川和己, 向井敏司

    特願2007-037273, 2007年02月19日, 国立研究開発法人物質・材料研究機構, 特開2008-200692, 2008年09月04日

    特許権

  • 衝撃力緩衝装置

    櫛部淳道, 小川孝寿, 柳橋邦生, 勝田光弘, 向井敏司

    特願336942, 2007年, 株式会社竹中工務店, 株式会社竹中道路, 国立研究開発法人物質・材料研究機構, 特開2008-180378, 2008年08月07日

    特許権

  • MG ALLOY

    庄司哲也, 加藤晃, 向井敏司, 染川英俊

    特願JP20070008068, 特開WO2008088082 (A1), 2008年07月, 特許協力条約より出願

    特許権

  • MAGNESIUM–BASED MEDICAL DEVICE AND PROCESS FOR PRODUCING THE SAME

    廣本祥子, 山本玲子, 丸山典夫, 染川英俊, 向井敏司

    特願JP20060311596, 特開WO2008059968 (A1), 2008年05月, 特許協力条約より出願

    特許権

  • MAGNESIUM ALLOY AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME

    染川英俊, Alok Singh, 大澤嘉昭, 向井敏司

    特願JP20060211523, JP20060247824, 特開WO2008016150 (A1), 2008年02月, 特許協力条約より出願

    特許権

  • Mg基合金

    向井敏司, 染川英俊, 庄司哲也, 加藤晃

    特願188397, 2008年

    特許権

  • Mg基合金

    染川英俊, AlokSingh, 大澤嘉昭, 向井敏司

    特願145520, 2008年

    特許権

  • BIODEGRADABLE MAGNESIUM MATERIAL FOR MEDICAL USE

    廣本祥子, 山本玲子, 丸山典夫, 染川英俊, 向井敏司

    特願JP20060077776, 特開WO2007108450 (A1), 2007年09月, 特許協力条約より出願

    特許権

  • MAGNESIUM–BASED BIODEGRADABLE METAL MATERIAL

    山本玲子, 廣本祥子, 丸山典夫, 染川英俊, 向井敏司

    特願JP20050331841, 特開WO2007058276 (A1), EP1959025, 2007年05月, 特許協力条約より出願

    特許権

  • Mg合金およびその製造方法

    庄司哲也, 加藤晃, 向井敏司, 染川英俊

    特願080224, 2007年03月

    特許権

  • 高強度・高延性炭素鋼材とその製造方法

    H. Zhang, G. Raghavan, 向井敏司, 宝野和博

    特願2005-184120, 2005年06月23日, 国立研究開発法人物質・材料研究機構, 特開2007-002302, 2007年01月11日

    特許権

  • 高強度マグネシウム合金

    向井敏司, 染川英俊, 井上忠信, Alok Singh

    特願258302, 2007年

    特許権

  • マグネシウム合金の温間加工方法及び温間加工用マグネシウム合金とその製造方法

    染川英俊, Alok Singh, 向井敏司

    特願238620, 2007年, 国立研究開発法人物質・材料研究機構

    特許権

  • Mg合金

    庄司哲也, 加藤晃, 向井敏司, 染川英俊

    特願008068, 2007年

    特許権

  • 金属材料の強加工法と強加工法に用いる金型

    向井敏司, 染川英俊

    特願2005-117530, 2005年04月14日, 国立研究開発法人物質・材料研究機構, 特開2006-289479, 2006年10月26日

    特許権

  • 高強度・高延性マグネシウム合金及びその製造方法

    向井敏司, 宝野和博, 染川英俊, 本間智之

    特願2004-194912, 2004年06月30日, 国立研究開発法人物質・材料研究機構, 特開2006-016658, 2006年01月19日

    特許権

  • MAGNESIUM ALLOY EXHIBITING HIGH STRENGTH AND HIGH DUCTILITY AND METHOD FOR PRODUCTION THEREOF

    向井敏司, 宝野和博, 染川英俊, 本間智之

    特願JP20040194912, 特開WO2006004072 (A1), US2008017285, 2006年01月, 特許815929(韓国,2008年3月)/ 507274(中国,2009年6月), 特許協力条約より出願, 外国

    特許権

  • 生分解性マグネシウム材

    廣本祥子, 山本玲子, 丸山典夫, 向井敏司, 染川英俊

    特願311832, 2006年

    特許権

  • 生分解性マグネシウム材

    廣本祥子, 山本玲子, 丸山典夫, 向井敏司, 染川英俊

    特願311711, 2006年

    特許権

  • マグネシウム系材料とその表面処理方法

    廣本祥子, 山本玲子, 丸山典夫, 向井敏司, 染川英俊

    特願311596, 2006年

    特許権

  • マグネシウム合金及びその製造方法

    染川英俊, Alok Singh, 大澤嘉昭, 向井敏司

    特願247824, 2006年

    特許権

  • マグネシウム合金展伸材とその製造方法

    Alok Singh, 染川英俊, 向井敏司

    特願211523, 2006年

    特許権

  • 医療用生分解性マグネシウム材

    廣本祥子, 山本玲子, 丸山典夫, 向井敏司, 染川英俊

    特願77776, 2006年

    特許権

  • 生分解性金属材料

    山本玲子, 廣本祥子, 丸山典夫, 向井敏司, 染川英俊

    特願331841, 2005年

    特許権