Directory of Researchers

FUJIMURA Naofumi
Graduate School of Law / Division of Law and Political Science
Professor
Law / Political Sciences
Last Updated :2022/09/16

Researcher Profile and Settings

Affiliation

  • <Faculty / Graduate School / Others>

    Graduate School of Law / Division of Law and Political Science
  • <Related Faculty / Graduate School / Others>

    Faculty of Law / Department of Law

Teaching

Research Activities

Research Areas

  • Humanities & social sciences / Politics

Committee Memberships

  • 2020 - 2020, 日本比較政治学会, 選挙管理委員会委員
  • 2018 - 2019, 日本選挙学会, 企画委員会委員
  • 2017 - 2018, 日本政治学会, 企画委員会委員
  • 2016 - 2018, 日本比較政治学会, 事務局運営委員
  • 2016 - 2017, 日本選挙学会, 将来構想委員会委員
  • 2015 - 2016, 日本政治学会, 編集委員会委員
  • 2012 - 2013, 日本選挙学会, 企画委員会委員

Awards

  • May 2022 Japanese Association of Electoral Studies, excellent poster presentation award, Under What Condition Do Legislators to Remedy Malapportionment? An Experiment on Prefectural Assembly Legislators in Japan

    藤村直史 重村壮平

Published Papers

  • Naofumi Fujimura

    Informa UK Limited, 19 Sep. 2021, Representation, 1 - 17, No password

    Scientific journal

  • 議会、政府、政党の役職就任は議員の再選可能性を高めるのか?

    藤村直史

    Mar. 2021, 政策科学, 28 (3), 297 - 312, Japanese, No password

    [Invited]

    Research institution

  • Naofumi Fujimura

    Mary Ann Liebert Inc, 01 Dec. 2020, Election Law Journal: Rules, Politics, and Policy, 19 (4), 542 - 551, English, No password

    [Refereed]

    Scientific journal

  • Naofumi Fujimura

    Political parties seek to make optimal nominations of candidates to maximize the number of seats they may win. In a multimember district with a single nontransferable vote (SNTV) electoral system, parties need to run the optimal number of candidates in each electoral district. If too many or too few candidates run, they may lose seats they might otherwise have won. In this situation, district-level party organizations face a collective action problem: they do not have the incentive to run multiple candidates for fear of losing all seats, despite needing to do so in order for the party to win a majority of seats in a legislature. This study examines the factors that enable parties to run multiple candidates in SNTV districts, and shows that parties undertake this action when they are able to divide the vote between party candidates on the basis of geography in the case of Japan.

    Wiley-Blackwell, 01 Jul. 2017, Asian Politics and Policy, 9 (3), 402 - 426, English, No password

    [Refereed]

    Scientific journal

  • 書評論文 議会・政党組織研究の縦と横への広がり : 奥健太郎・河野康子編『自民党政治の源流 : 事前審査制の史的検証』 河崎健(2015)『ドイツの政党の政治エリート輩出機能 : 候補者擁立過程と議会・政府内昇進過程をめぐる考察』

    藤村直史

    木鐸社, Apr. 2017, レヴァイアサン, 60 (60), 135 - 139, Japanese

    [Invited]

    Scientific journal

  • 政党の選挙戦略と党内の資源配分: 内閣総理大臣による選挙期間中の候補者訪問

    FUJIMURA Naofumi

    木鐸社, Dec. 2016, 年報政治学, 2016 (II), 99 - 119, Japanese, No password

    [Invited]

    Scientific journal

  • Naofumi Fujimura

    ABSTRACT: A number of political scientists have explained legislators’ behaviour as a function of their re-election, influence, and policy goals, but these goals are sometimes incompatible. This study seeks to explain under what conditions legislators emphasise the goals of building influence or shaping policy over re-election. The study focuses on Japanese legislators’ Diet committee attendance as a proxy for their attention to an influence or policy goal. It shows that legislators elected from an open-list proportional representation seat are most likely to emphasise building influence or shaping policy, while legislators elected from a district using a single non-transferable vote system are least likely to do so. Legislators are more likely to do so in a non-election year than in an election year. In addition, electorally stronger legislators are more likely to focus on influence or policy goals in an election year, while electorally weaker legislators are more likely to do so in a non-election year.

    Routledge, 02 Apr. 2016, Journal of Legislative Studies, 22 (2), 153 - 174, English

    [Refereed]

    Scientific journal

  • Naofumi Fujimura

    This study aims to offer empirical evidence of how electoral systems influence the way legislators represent their constituencies. In particular, it analyses the influence of electoral systems on legislators' representations in terms of a pattern of policy areas represented by them. By comparing legislators' behaviour under Japan's multi-member district, single non-transferable vote and single-member district systems, I demonstrate that electoral systems with higher district magnitude (i.e. higher number of seats per district) are more likely to offer electoral incentives for legislators to represent specific benefits, including particularistic interests in targeted policy areas. On the other hand, electoral systems with lower district magnitude are more likely to provide electoral incentives for representing diverse benefits, including general interests in various policy areas.

    SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD, Mar. 2015, PARTY POLITICS, 21 (2), 209 - 221, English

    [Refereed]

    Scientific journal

  • A New Day, A New Way: The Democratic Party of Japan's Allocation of Posts under the Mixed-Member Majoritarian System

    FUJIMURA NAOFUMI

    May 2013, Japan Forum, 25 (2), 259–292, English

    [Refereed]

    Scientific journal

  • Hironori Sasada, Naofumi Fujimura, Satoshi Machidori

    Although party polarization is one of the most significant focal points in the study of contemporary US politics, a limited number of studies have examined its theoretical implications for other countries. In addition, a great deal of effort has been made in the study of the changes in voting bases (i.e., constituencies or interest groups). However, little attention has been given to the features of party organization. In this study we look at the process of polarization between two major parties in Japan in recent years and analyze the way Japanese parties took an alternative path to polarization. We argue that party polarization can be caused by the strategic position-taking of the party executive in addition to the centralization of the party organization.

    Corresponding, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2013, Journal of East Asian Studies, 13 (3), 409 - 441, English

    [Refereed]

    Scientific journal

  • Naofumi Fujimura

    Political parties are often faced with seemingly opposing goals when trying to secure members' reelection and maintain party unity. On one hand, a party needs to fulfill members' diverse electoral needs for their reelection, and on the other hand, the party must force members to vote in unison according to party lines for collective decisions. How does a party influence its members to take unified action while meeting their individual electoral needs? Through an analysis of the Japanese Diet, this study argues that parties attempt to achieve the reelection of their members and maintain party unity by manipulating legislative committee assignments and deliberations. In particular, the study demonstrates that a party shapes committees in a different way according to policy areas over which committees have jurisdiction. A party tends to accept its members' requests for affiliation and allow their self-management in committees concerned with particularistic benefits so that they can deliver specific benefits to each electoral district. In addition, a party tends to assign members who have average policy positions in the party to committees concerned with general benefits to make policies that satisfy many constituencies.

    CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS, Jul. 2012, EUROPEAN POLITICAL SCIENCE REVIEW, 4 (2), 147 - 175, English

    [Refereed]

    Scientific journal

  • 小選挙区比例代表並立制下での役職配分:民主党の党内対立と政党投票

    FUJIMURA NAOFUMI

    Jun. 2012, 選挙研究, 28 (1), 21 - 38, Japanese, No password

    [Invited]

    Scientific journal

  • 政権末期における自由民主党の政策形成と議員行動の変容 2009年自由民主党議員への政治意識調査から

    Masahiko Tatebayashi, Naofumi Fujimura

    Last, Sep. 2011, 法学論叢, 第169第6号, Japanese

    Scientific journal

  • 選挙誘因と立法組織:日本の国会における委員会構成

    Naofumi Fujimura

    Corresponding, Jan. 2010, 法学論叢, 第166巻第4号, Japanese

    Scientific journal

  • Naofumi Fujimura

    This article discusses the effects of executive leadership on fiscal policies and performance. I propose that executive leadership, as a political entrepreneur who provides collective goods for organization, has incentives to maintain fiscal discipline so that he or she can stay in office by developing his or her party's reputation and leading party legislators to electoral success. This article argues that executive leadership with stronger public support is more likely to restrain fiscal expenditure and maintain fiscal discipline. I demonstrate this argument by showing that the prime minister who receives higher public support is more likely to restrain fiscal expenditure in Japan.

    CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS, Aug. 2009, JAPANESE JOURNAL OF POLITICAL SCIENCE, 10 (2), 175 - 190, English

    [Refereed]

    Scientific journal

  • Naofumi Fujimura

    This article examines the power relationship between the prime minister and ruling party legislators. I theoretically explore the power relationship between the prime minister and ruling party legislators, and examine legislators' parliamentary voting, focusing on the political process of postal service privatization Of 2005. This analysis presents three arguments. First, theoretically, when the prime minister attempts to achieve a project, risking his or her job, he or she can firmly control ruling party legislators. Second, empirically, the anti-Koizumi legislators' rebellion was based on their unfounded assumption about the prime minister's behavior or ultimate outcomes. Third, the anti-Koizumi legislators' electoral incentives to secure their reelection and ruling incentives to weaken or overthrow the Koizumi Cabinet drove them to rebel against the prime minister in the Lower House, while the ruling incentives alone caused the rebellion in the Upper House.

    CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS, Aug. 2007, JAPANESE JOURNAL OF POLITICAL SCIENCE, 8 (2), 233 - 261, English

    [Refereed]

    Scientific journal

MISC

  • Changing Policymaking and Legislators' Behavior in Japan : Evidence from Inquiry Survey to Liberal Democratic Party Legislators

    建林 正彦, 藤村 直史

    京都大学法学会, Sep. 2011, 法学論叢, 169 (6), 1 - 35, Japanese

  • Do labor unions work?

    藤村 直史, 城戸 英樹

    日本選挙学会, 2006, Review of electoral studies, (6), 127 - 146, Japanese

Books etc

  • 日本政治の第一歩

    FUJIMURA NAOFUMI

    Contributor, 有斐閣, Jul. 2018, Japanese

    Scholarly book

  • Global Encyclopedia of Public Administration, Public Policy, and Governance

    FUJIMURA NAOFUMI

    Contributor, Springer, Jun. 2018, English

    Scholarly book

  • 選挙ガバナンスの実態 日本編 「公正・公平」を目指す制度運用とその課題

    FUJIMURA NAOFUMI

    Contributor, ミネルヴァ書房, Mar. 2018, Japanese

    Scholarly book

  • 政党組織の政治学

    藤村直史

    Contributor, 東洋経済新報社, Aug. 2013, Japanese, ISBN: 9784492212110

Presentations

  • Under What Conditions Do Politicians Remedy Malapportionment? An Experiment on Prefectural Assembly Legislators in Japan

    Naofumi Fujimura, Sohei Shigemura

    International Political Science Association World Congresses of Political Science, 11 Jul. 2021, English

    [Invited]

    Oral presentation

  • Ideological Positions and Committee Chair Appointments

    Jochen Rehmert, Naofumi Fujimura

    European Political Science Association, Annual Meeting, 24 Jun. 2021, English

    [Invited]

    Oral presentation

  • どのような条件下で政治家は選挙操作・不正を是正しようとするのか?一票の格差に関する都道府県議会議員へのサーヴェイ実験

    藤村直史, 重村壮平

    日本選挙学会研究会, 09 May 2021, Japanese

  • Post Assignments and Party Discipline: The Analysis of Roll Call Voting on the Postal Service Privatization Act of 2005 and the Consumption Tax Act of 2012

    FUJIMURA NAOFUMI

    IPSA World Congress of Political Science, Jul. 2018, English, Brisbane Convention & Exhibition Centre, QLD, Australia, International conference

    Oral presentation

  • Malapportionment, Redistricting, and Political Participation: Evidence from Japan

    FUJIMURA NAOFUMI

    General Conference of the European Consortium of Political Research, Jul. 2017, English, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway, International conference

    Oral presentation

  • Party Unity and Resource Allocation

    FUJIMURA Naofumi

    European Consortium for Political Research, Standing Group on Parliaments, Jul. 2016, English, International conference

    Oral presentation

  • The Mechanism behind Party Unity: Prime Ministerial Campaign Visits in Japan’s Lower House Elections

    FUJIMURA Naofumi

    日本比較政治学会, Jun. 2016, Japanese, Domestic conference

    Invited oral presentation

  • The Role of the Prime Minister in Legislation and Elections: Evidence from Japan

    FUJIMURA NAOFUMI

    Southern Political Science Association, Jan. 2016, English, Caribe Hilton, San Juan, Puerto Rico, International conference

    Oral presentation

  • 議会の構造は政策的帰結に影響を与えるのか?:委員会の強さと政府支出に関する39ヶ国比較研究

    FUJIMURA Naofumi

    日本比較政治学会大会, Jun. 2013, Japanese, 日本比較政治学会, 神戸大学, Domestic conference

    Invited oral presentation

  • Nomination Errors under the Single Nontransferable Vote System: Evidence from Japan

    Naofumi Fujimura

    the annual meeting of the Western Political Science Association, Mar. 2013, English, Loews Hollywood Hotel: Los Angeles, CA, International conference

    Oral presentation

  • Nomination Errors under the Single Nontransferable Vote System: Evidence from Japan

    FUJIMURA NAOFUMI

    annual meeting of the Western Political Science Association, Mar. 2013, English, Loews Hollywood Hotel: Los Angeles, CA, International conference

    Oral presentation

  • Legislative Organization of the Democratic Party of Japan

    FUJIMURA NAOFUMI

    Association for Asian Studies, Apr. 2011, English, Hawaii Convention Center, Honolulu, HI, International conference

    Oral presentation

  • Alternative Paths to Party Polarization: External Impact of Intraparty Organization in Japan

    HIRONORI SASADA, FUJIMURA NAOFUMI, MACHIDORI SATOSHI

    Association for Asian Studies, Apr. 2011, English, Hawaii Convention Center, Honolulu, HI, International conference

    Oral presentation

  • Alternative Paths to Party Polarization: External Impact of Intraparty Organization in Japan

    HIRONORI SASADA, FUJIMURA NAOFUMI, MACHIDORI SATOSHI

    Southern Political Science Association, Jan. 2011, English, Hotel InterContinental New Orleans, New Orleans, LA, International conference

    Oral presentation

  • Institutional Rational for Legislative Organization: Post Assignment Systems in the Democratic Party of Japan Government

    Naofumi FUjimura

    Japanese Political Science Association, Oct. 2010, Japanese, 中京大学, Domestic conference

    Oral presentation

  • COVID-19パンデミックに対する政府内の大臣の政策的立場とその対立: 日本の国会における大臣発言のテキスト分析

    藤村直史 西村翼

    日本選挙学会, 08 May 2022

    [Invited]

  • Issue Emphasis in Candidates’ Campaign Communication as a Signal of Legislative Priorities

    Stefan Müller, Naofumi Fujimura

    European Political Science Association, 24 Jun. 2022

    [Invited]

    Oral presentation

Research Projects